Sass, Less, and SCSS
PhpStorm integrates with compilers tha translate Sass, Less, and SCSS code into CSS. To use a compiler in PhpStorm, you need to configure it as a File Watcher based on the relevant predefined template.
npm install -g sass
Learn more from the Sass official website.
npm install --global less
Learn more from the Less official website.
Compiling the code into CSS
To compile your code on the fly, you need to configure the compiler as a PhpStorm File Watcher.
To create a File Watcher
In the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), click File Watchers under Tools. The File Watchers page that opens shows the list of already configured File Watchers.
Click or press Alt+Insert. Depending on the tool you are going to use, choose the Less, Sass, or SCSS predefined template from the list.
In the Program field, specify the path to the compiler archive depending on the chosen predefined template.
lessc for Less.
sass for Sass/SCSS.
If you followed the standard installation procedure with npm, PhpStorm locates the required files itself and fills in the field automatically. Otherwise, type the path manually or click and choose the file location in the dialog that opens.
Proceed as described in File Watchers.
Compiling the code
When you open a file, PhpStorm checks whether an applicable file watcher is available in the current project. If such file watcher is configured but disabled, PhpStorm displays a popup that informs you about the configured file watcher and suggests to enable it.
If an applicable file watcher is configured and enabled in the current project, PhpStorm starts it automatically upon the event specified in the New Watcher dialog.
If the Auto-save edited files to trigger the watcher checkbox is selected, the File Watcher is invoked as soon as any changes are made to the source code.
If the Auto-save edited files to trigger the watcher checkbox is cleared, the File Watcher is started upon save ( , Ctrl+S) or when you move focus from PhpStorm (upon frame deactivation).
PhpStorm creates a separate file with the generated output. The file has the name of the source Sass, Less, or SCSS file and the extension .css. The location of the generated files is defined in the Output paths to refresh field of the New Watcher dialog. However, in the Project Tree, they are shown under the source file which is now displayed as a node.
Configuring syntax highlighting
You can configure Less/Sass/SCSS-aware syntax highlighting according to your preferences and habits.
Select the color scheme, accept the highlighting settings inherited from defaults or customize them as described in Configuring Colors and Fonts.