Working with the Database Console
The database console lets you compose and execute SQL statements for any database defined in IntelliJ IDEA as a data source. It also lets you analyze and modify the retrieved data.
The following standardized and DBMS vendor-specific SQL dialects are supported: DB2, Derby, H2, HSQLDB, MySQL, Oracle, Oracle SQL*Plus, PostgreSQL, SQL Server, SQL92, SQLite, and Sybase .
General console usage instructions are on this page:
- Opening the database console
- Viewing and modifying the console settings
- Changing the SQL dialect
- Closing the console
More specific subjects are discussed in:
See also, Database Console.
Opening the database console
- Open the Database tool window.
- Select the DB data source for which you want to open the console or any node within that data source.
Do one of the following:
- Click on the title bar.
- Click on the toolbar if the toolbar is shown.
- Select Console from the context menu.
- Press Ctrl+Shift+F10.
As a result, the input pane opens as a separate editor tab. This is where you compose your SQL statements.
Then, when you
execute your first statement
the Database Console tool window opens.
If the executed statement retrieves data (e.g.
there are two panes in the tool window
shown on the Output and the Result tabs.
(If appropriate, the table name is shown on the tab instead of Result #.)
Otherwise, only the output pane is shown.
Additionally, you can open the Parameters pane () to manage parameters in SQL statements.
Viewing and modifying the console settings
Before actually starting to use the console, you may want to take a look at the console settings and adjust them to your needs.
- To access these settings, click on the toolbar of the input pane or on the toolbar of the Database Console tool window (in the lower part of the workspace, if this tool window is currently shown).
As a result, the Database page of the Settings dialog opens. On this page, you can, for example, specify:
- How query results should be shown (the Data View and the Console sections).
- Which characters and their sequences should be treated as SQL parameters and in which places (the Custom SQL parameters section).
- How retrieved table data should be converted into CSV, TSV and other formats (the Data Extractors section).
Changing the SQL dialect
By default, the SQL dialect used in the console is defined by the DBMS associated with the data source for which the console is opened. If for some reason you want to use a different dialect:
- Right-click in the editing area of the input pane to open the context menu.
Point to Change '<current_dialect_name>' dialect to and
select the necessary dialect.
In addition to particular dialects, also the following option is available:
- <Generic>. Basic SQL92-based support is provided including completion and highlighting for SQL keywords, and table and column names. Syntax error highlighting is not available. So all the statements in the input pane are always shown as syntactically correct.
Closing the console
To close the console, do one of the following:
- Click on the toolbar of the Dababase Console tool window.
- Press Ctrl+Shift+F4.