On this page:
- Generating a PHPDoc block for a method or a function
- Creating tags in a PHPDoc comment block
- Inspecting PHPDoc comments
- Configuring formatting inside PHPDoc comments
PhpStorm creates stubs of PHPDoc blocks on typing the opening tag /** and pressing EnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnter or pressing Alt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertCtrl+N or Alt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertCommand N or Control EnterCommand N or Control EnterCommand N or Control Enter and appointing the method.function to document.
If this feature is applied to a method or a function, @param, @access, @static, @throws, @return, @type/@var, and @abstract tags are created. In any other places PhpStorm adds an empty documentation stub.
If you need additional PHP-specific tags, PhpStorm provides code completion that suggests tag names that are relevant in the current context. If a certain tag has multiple values, the same code completion provides a list of available values.
In PHPDoc comments, PhpStorm supports formatting options in compliance with ZEND, PEAR, and other standards.
PHPDoc comments in your source code are available for the Quick Documentation Lookup feature and open for review on pressing Ctrl+Q or Alt+Button2 ClickCtrl+Q or Alt+Button2 ClickCtrl+Q or Alt+Button2 ClickCtrl+Q or Alt+Button2 ClickCtrl+Q or Alt+Button2 ClickCtrl+QCtrl+Q or Alt+Button2 ClickAlt+Button2 Click, Ctrl+Shift+Space or F2F1, Control J or Control Button2 ClickF1, Control J or Control Button2 ClickAlt Button2 Click or F2.
To invoke PHPDoc block generation, do one of the following:
- Place the caret before the method or function declaration, type the opening block comment /**, and press EnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnter.
- On the context menu anywhere in the editor, choose Generate, then choose Generate PHPDoc blocks, and choose the method or function to generate comments for.
- Press Alt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertCtrl+N or Alt+InsertAlt+InsertAlt+InsertCommand N or Control EnterCommand N or Control EnterCommand N or Control Enter, then choose Generate PHPDoc blocks, and choose the method or function to generate comments for.
PhpStorm analyzes the appointed method or function, where possible extracts the data for method parameters, return values, variables, etc., and on this basis generates a stub of a documentation block.
- Describe the listed parameters and return values, where necessary.
PhpStorm checks syntax in the comments and treats it according to the PHP Inspections settings.
PhpStorm analyzes the appointed method or function, where possible extracts the data for method parameters, return values, variables, etc., and on this basis generates a stub of a documentation block. If necessary, you can fill in the missing information.
- In a PHPDoc block, select the desired empty line and press Ctrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceAlt+SlashCtrl+SpaceCtrl+Space or Ctrl+Back SlashCtrl+SpaceControl SpaceControl SpaceControl Space.
- Select the relevant tag from the suggestion list.
- If the entered tag has several values, press Ctrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceAlt+SlashCtrl+SpaceCtrl+Space or Ctrl+Back SlashCtrl+SpaceControl SpaceControl SpaceControl Space and select the desired value from the suggestion list.
PhpStorm provides a set of predefined code inspections targeted at PHPDoc blocks. These inspections check whether classes, methods, functions, variables, and constants are supplied with a PHPDoc comment and whether the tags in the comment match the documented item.
To enable or disable an inspection:
- Choose Settings dialog box that opens, click Inspections. on the main menu, and in the
- On the Inspections page that opens, expand the PHPDoc node under the PHP node. The list of predefined inspections is displayed.
- To enable or disable an inspection, select or clear the check box next to it.
To have PhpStorm check that PHPDoc comments are provided for all code constructs of a certain type:
- Select the check box next to the Missing PHPDoc Comment inspection.
- In the Options area, select the check boxes next to the required code construct type: class, method, function, variable, or constant.
- To suppress reporting a Missing PHPDoc Comment error if a method or function does not contain any parameters and/or return values, select the Skip if empty.
You can configure the appearance of PHPDoc comments, the tags to use, and the presentation of class names. in the Settings dialog box, on the PHPDoc tab of the Code Style. PHP under the Code Style node.
- Open the Project Settings, click Code Style, then click PHP, and switch to the PHPDoc tab.
- Configure the alignment by selecting or clearing the check boxes in the tab.
- Specify how you want PhpStorm to present class names for properties, function parameters, return and throws values, etc. by selecting or clearing the Use fully-qualified class names check box.
8.0+From the Tag type drop-down box, choose the tag to use for properties, the available options are @var and @type. According to the PSR5 standards, @var is deprecated and it is recommended that you use @type for properties instead.