PyCharm 5.0 Help

Evaluating Expressions

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PyCharm enables you to evaluate expressions and code fragments in the context of a stack frame currently selected in the Frames pane of the Debug tool window.

In addition to regular expressions, you can also evaluate operator expressions, lambda expressions, and anonymous classes.

The following evaluation modes are available:

  • Expression Mode for evaluating single-line expressions.
  • Code Fragment Mode for evaluating short code portions. You can evaluate declarations, assignments, loops and if/else.

Besides, PyCharm provides a way to quickly evaluate an expression in the editor at caret or a selection.


While using the Expression Evaluation feature, be aware of the following:

  • A method can be invoked within the Expression Evaluation dialog only if the debugger has stopped at a breakpoint, but has not been paused.
  • Expression Evaluation can only be "single-level". In other words, if PyCharm stops at a breakpoint within a method called from the Expression Evaluation, you cannot use the Expression Evaluation feature again.

Evaluating Expressions or Code Fragments in a Stack Frame

To evaluate an expression or a code fragment in a stack frame, do the following:

  1. In the Frames pane, select the thread where you want an expression to be evaluated.
  2. Invoke the Evaluate Expression command in one of the following ways:
    • On the main menu, choose Run | Evaluate Expression
    • On the context menu of the editor, choose Evaluate Expression
    • Press Alt+F8
    • Click variables_evaluate_expr on the Stepping toolbar in the Debug tool window.
  3. Select an evaluation mode. If you want to evaluate a code fragment, click the Code Fragment Mode button.
  4. Depending on the selected mode, type the expression or statements to evaluate in the text field and click Evaluate.

    If the specified expression cannot be evaluated, the possible reason will be briefly described in the Result pane of the dialog box.


Evaluating Arbitrary Expressions

  1. Open the Evaluate Expression dialog box in one of the following ways:
    • Choose Run | Evaluate Expression on the main menu.
    • PressAlt+F8.
    • To evaluate a specific variable, select it on the Variables pane of the Debug tool window, then choose Run | Evaluate Expression or press Alt+F8.
  2. In the Evaluate Expression dialog box, specify the expression you want to evaluate. Do one of the following:
    • In the Expression field, type the expression in question or choose one of the previously evaluated expressions from the drop-down list.

      If you have selected a specific variable on the Variables pane, this variable will be displayed in the Expression text box.

    • To evaluate a code fragment, click the Code Fragment Mode button and fill in the Code Fragment text box.

      To return to the original mode, click the Expression mode button.

  3. Click the Evaluate button. The Result read-only field shows the evaluation output. If the specified expression cannot be evaluated, the Result field explains the reason.

Evaluating Expressions in the Editor

During a debugger session, the value of any expression is shown in the tooltip every time you hover your mouse pointer over it. If an expression contains children, clicking add expands the node and displays all children.


You can also use the Quick Evaluate expression functionality that lets you view the value of an expression using the keyboard only.

There are two ways to evaluate an expression quickly:

  1. By using the Show value tooltip on code selection functionality:
    • In the Debugger | Data Views settings page, enable the Show value tooltip on code selection option.
    • Select a code fragment with the mouse, or by clicking Ctrl+W. A tooltip with the expression value automatically appears under the selection and changes each time you change the selection:
  2. By manually invoking the tooltip with the expression value:
    • Place the caret at the desired location, or select an expression to be evaluated.
    • Choose Run | Quick Evaluate Expression on the main menu, or press Ctrl+Alt+F8. The tooltip with the expression value appears under the selected expression.

See Also

Last modified: 5 November 2015