To perform this refactoring, you can use:
- In-place refactoring. In this case you specify the new name right in the editor.
- Refactoring dialog, where you specify all the required information. To make such a dialog accessible, you have to clear the check box Enable in-place mode in the editor settings.
To extract a variable using in-place refactoring
In the editor, select the expression to be replaced with a variable. You can do that yourself or
smart expression selection
feature to let PyCharm help you. So, do one of the following:
Highlight the expression. Then choose
from the main or the context menu.
- Place the cursor before or within the expression. Choose Expressions pop-up menu, select the expression. To do that, click the required expression. Alternatively, use the Up and Down arrow keys to navigate to the expression of interest, and then press Enter to select it. from the main or the context menu, or pressCtrl+Alt+V. In the
- Highlight the expression. Then choose
- If more than one occurrence of the selected expression is found, select Replace this occurrence only or Replace all occurrences in the Multiple occurrences found pop-up menu. To select the required option, just click it. Alternatively, use the Up and Down arrow keys to navigate to the option of interest, and press Enter to select it.
- Specify whether you want to replace selected expression with a variable, or a constant. To do that, click the desired radio button in the pop-up balloon:
Specify the name of the variable. Do one of the following:
- Select one of the suggested names from the pop-up list. To do that, double-click the suitable name. Alternatively, use the Up and Down arrow keys to navigate to the name of interest, and Enter to select it. When finished, press Escape.
- Edit the name by typing. The name is shown in the box with red borders and changes as you type. When finished, press Escape.
To extract a variable using the dialog box
If the Enable in place refactorings check box is cleared in the Editor settings, the Extract Variable refactoring is performed by means of the dialog box.
- Select the desired expression, and invoke Extract Variable refactoring as described above.
- If more than one expression is detected for the current cursor position, the Expressions list appears. If this is the case, select the required expression. To do that, click the expression. Alternatively, use the Up and Down arrow keys to navigate to the expression of interest, and then press Enter to select it.
- In the Extract Variable dialog:
- Specify the variable name next to Name. You can select one of the suggested names from the list or type the name in the Name box.
- If more than one occurrence of the selected expression is found, you can select to replace all the found occurrences by selecting the corresponding check box. If you want to replace only the current occurrence, clear the Replace all occurrences check box.
- Specify the type of variable to be extracted: a (global) variable, a constant, or a local variable. To do that, click the required option in the Var kind area.
- Click OK.