PyCharm 4.0.0 Web Help

The basic way to select a piece of text is to extend the selection with the mouse cursor. PyCharm, as a keyboard-centric IDE, suggests to use navigation keys to make selections. You can opt to select pieces of text by lines, or select rectangular fragments in the column mode, extend and shrink the selection, use multiselection, and sticky selection.

In this section:

To select the entire text in the current editor tab, do one of the following
  • On the main menu, choose Edit | Select All.
  • Press Ctrl+ACtrl+ACtrl+ACtrl+ACtrl+X, HCtrl+ACtrl+ACtrl+A⌘ A⌘ A⌘ A.
To select text with navigation keys, use one of the following shortcuts
  • Ctrl+Shift+LeftCtrl+Shift+LeftCtrl+Shift+LeftCtrl+Shift+LeftCtrl+Shift+LeftCtrl+Shift+LeftCtrl+Shift+LeftShift+Alt+Left or Ctrl+Shift+LeftShift Alt LeftShift Alt LeftShift Alt Left, Ctrl+Shift+RightCtrl+Shift+RightCtrl+Shift+RightCtrl+Shift+RightCtrl+Shift+RightCtrl+Shift+RightCtrl+Shift+RightShift+Alt+Right or Ctrl+Shift+RightShift Alt RightShift Alt RightShift Alt Right to select text from the caret position to the beginning/end of the current word.
  • Ctrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpCtrl+Shift+Page UpShift ⌘ Page UpShift ⌘ Page UpShift ⌘ Page Up, Ctrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownCtrl+Shift+Page DownShift ⌘ Page DownShift ⌘ Page DownShift ⌘ Page Down to select text from the caret position to the top/bottom of the screen.
1.1+
To extend selection from the word at caret to the piece of code the caret is contained in, do one of the following
  • On the main menu, choose Edit | Extend Selection
  • Press Ctrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+Alt+WCtrl+WShift+Alt+PeriodShift+Alt+UpAlt Up⌘ WControl Shift Up to select the word where the caret is currently located.
  • Press Ctrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+Alt+WCtrl+WShift+Alt+PeriodShift+Alt+UpAlt Up⌘ WControl Shift Up successively to extend selection to the next containing node (for example, an expression, a paired tag, an entire conditional block, a method body, a class, a group of vararg arguments, etc.)

    While extending selection, keep in mind that:

    • Pressing Ctrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+Alt+WCtrl+WShift+Alt+PeriodShift+Alt+UpAlt Up⌘ WControl Shift Up successively in plain text or comments extends the selection first to the current sentence, then to the current paragraph.
    • Pressing Ctrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+WCtrl+Alt+WCtrl+WShift+Alt+PeriodShift+Alt+UpAlt Up⌘ WControl Shift Up successively inside a list, dictionary, or a list of arguments or parameters, selects an element of the list, then the right or left comma and a neighbouring space (if any), then the contents of the list without parentheses, and finally the enclosing parentheses.
To shrink selection in the reverse order (from the outermost container to the word where the caret currently resides), do one of the following
  • On the main menu, choose Edit | Shrink Selection
  • Press Ctrl+Shift+WCtrl+Shift+WCtrl+Shift+WCtrl+Shift+WCtrl+Shift+WCtrl+Shift+WShift+Alt+CommaShift+Alt+DownAlt DownShift ⌘ WControl Shift Down.

    Tip

    The selection extends or shrinks according to capitalization, if the Use "CamelHumps" words check box is selected on the Smart Keys page of the editor settings.

    If you want to make selection according to capitalization, using double-click, make sure that the check box Honor CamelHumps words... is selected on the General page of the editor settings.

To select multiple words
  • Press Shift+Alt and double-click the left mouse button.

    multiselection1

To toggle between the line and the column selection modes, do one of the following
  • On the main menu, choose Edit | Column Selection Mode.
  • On the context menu of the editor, choose Column Selection Mode.
  • Press Shift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift ⌘ 8Shift ⌘ NumPad *Shift ⌘ 8.
2.0+
To make selection in the column selection mode, do one of the following:
  • Keeping the Alt key pressed, drag your mouse pointer to select the desired area.
  • Keeping the middle mouse button pressed, drag your mouse pointer to select the desired area.
  • Press Shift+Alt and the middle mouse button. This is specially helpful, if you want to avoid dragging.
To use smart expression selection

When you perform various code refactorings that involve selecting an expression , PyCharm can help you select the expression of interest. This feature is known as smart expression selection.

The procedure for the Introduce Variable refactoring is just an example. The smart expression selection feature, in fact, is available in all the refactorings that start with selecting an expression.

  1. Place the cursor before or within the expression.

    ws_php_storm_introduceVariableJSSmartSelectExpressionStart.png

  2. Choose Refactor | Extract Variable from the main or the context menu, or pressCtrl+Alt+VCtrl+Alt+VShift+Alt+VCtrl+Alt+VCtrl+Alt+VCtrl+Alt+VShift+Alt+VShift+Alt+L or Ctrl+Alt+VAlt ⌘ VAlt ⌘ VAlt ⌘ L.
  3. In the Expressions pop-up menu, select the expression. To do that, click the required expression. Alternatively, use the Up and Down arrow keys to navigate to the expression of interest, and then press EnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnterEnter to select it.

    ws_php_storm_introduceVariableJSSmartSelectExpression.png

2.5+
To toggle sticky selection, do one of the following
  • Press Ctrl+Shift+ACtrl+Shift+ACtrl+Shift+ACtrl+Shift+ACtrl+Shift+ACtrl+Shift+ACtrl+ICtrl+Shift+AShift ⌘ AShift ⌘ A⌘ 3, in the pop-up frame type sticky, and choose Toggle Sticky Selection from the suggestion list:

    sticky_selection

  • In the Emacs keymap, use keyboard shortcut Ctrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceCtrl+SpaceAlt+SlashCtrl+SpaceCtrl+Space or Ctrl+Back SlashCtrl+SpaceControl SpaceControl SpaceControl Space.

Tip

When sticky selection is on, you can turn it off by invoking copy or cut, or by toggling it again.

Tip

To create a large rectangular selection, create a normal selection first, with the given starting and ending points, and then press Shift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift+Alt+InsertShift ⌘ 8Shift ⌘ NumPad *Shift ⌘ 8 to toggle to the column selection mode.

See Also

Procedures:

Reference:

Web Resources: