Navigation and Search
Navigate To (known as "Navigate from Here" in ReSharper 4.5 and earlier) is a single shortcut for all your navigation needs. Navigate To lists all destinations available at the current caret position. Press Ctrl+Shift+G for quick navigation links to the declaration, type declaration, base class, inheritor(s), or usage of the symbol under the caret; interface implementation for an interface; function exits for a function, and more.
Go to Symbol
The Go to Symbol feature (Ctrl+Shift+Alt+N) is the most far-reaching of the "Go to" family of search commands. This powerful feature searches by name, solution-wide, for any file member. All ReSharper's 'Go to' commands, including Go to Symbol, support case-insensitive CamelHumps. That is, you can find a member quicker by entering its initial character and any subsequent characters that its name contains — for example, you can find testFixedSizeBuffer by entering tfixs.
Go to Type
Press Ctrl+N to navigate to any type within your solution. Start typing in the input box, and a lookup list will appear with type names matching the entered substring. This feature also supports wildcards: '*' (asterisk) represents zero or more characters; '+' (plus) represents one or more characters; '?' (question mark) represents one or zero characters. Case-insensitive CamelHumps is supported here as well: for example, you can simply type atbt instead of AbstractTreeBuilderTest.
Go to File
Similar to Go to Type, Go to File (Ctrl+Shift+N) navigates you to any file within your solution. All the same search techniques and wildcards are supported.
Go to File Member
To quickly navigate to a particular method or field in the current file, use the Go to File Member command (Ctrl+F12). Same as with Go to Type, start typing the symbol name and then select from the list of matching members. This feature works with file members from C#, VB.NET, XAML, XML files, build scripts, and even ASP.NET markup files.
Go to Base
You can navigate up the hierarchy to base type or method by positioning the caret on a usage or declaration of a
type or method in the editor and pressing Ctrl+U.
By the way, you can also see when a method overrides, implements, or hides another method by the presence of special icons that appear at the method declaration on the left gutter of the editor window. Click the icon to navigate up the methods hierarchy.
Go to Inheritor
Similarly to Go to Base, this command lets you navigate down to a derived type or method by pressing Ctrl+Alt+B. Immediate inheritors are highlighted with bold.
Go to Implementation
This new navigation feature lets you jump from a base type or member to any of its end implementations, bypassing intermediate steps in the inheritance chain.
For example, suppose that class Foo inherits abstract class AbstractFoo, which, in turn, implements interface IFoo. Selecting Go to Implementation upon a usage of IFoo takes you directly to the declaration of Foo, whereas Go to Inheritor would take you to either AbstractFoo or Foo.
Go to Declaration
To navigate to the declaration of a symbol, position the caret at any symbol usage and press Ctrl+B, or hold Ctrl and left-click the symbol. ReSharper will position the caret on the declaration of the corresponding type, method, field, or local variable in the relevant source file (which opens automatically if necessary). For library symbols, the corresponding entity will be displayed in Visual Studio's Object Browser or as decompiled code, depending on ReSharper settings.
Go to Type Declaration
Press Ctrl+Shift+T to navigate to the declaration of a type that a variable, field, or parameter belongs to. ReSharper will switch to the declaration in source code or, for library types, display the corresponding symbol in the Object Browser or show the decompiled code.
Go to Related Files
To learn more about advanced navigation and other features that ReSharper makes available to web developers, see ASP.NET and ASP.NET MVC Tools.
Go to Last Edit Location
Press Ctrl+Shift+Backspace to quickly position the caret at the latest location where you changed your code. Subsequent use of this action leads you deeper into your editing history.
Go to Next Member/Tag
You can quickly go to next file member in C# or VB.NET code files, or to next tag in XML or XAML files, by pressing Alt+Up.
Go to Previous Member/Tag
Similar to Go to Next Member, this feature gets you to the previous member or tag — all you have to do is press Alt+Down.
Navigation to Library Code
A solution is not limited to sources included in your projects, but also contains references to libraries. We thought it would be great if you were able to navigate to and within those libraries just like you do with the source code.
Some companies publish parts of their sources using the Source Server feature of debug information files (PDB). On the other hand, Microsoft uses this technology to provide access to the source code of the .NET Framework. If you have PDBs available and ReSharper installed, you can access sources stored that way as if they are a part of your solution. If you want to find out what a certain .NET Framework class contains, ReSharper will show it to you as well.
Even if the source server is not available, no worries: ReSharper is able to reconstruct the structure of library code from metadata.
Here's how it works when a source server is available:
- You click Ctrl+Shift+G on a library symbol to open Navigate To with the list of navigation options.
- You select an external navigation option for a library symbol:
- ReSharper downloads PDB files from a source server:
- ReSharper displays the selected library symbol declaration as if it is defined in your solution:
Find Usages quickly locates usages of any symbol (type, method, field, etc.) in your code. Just position the caret on the symbol for which you want to find usages and press Alt+F7. If you have a mixed-language project, usages can be found across multiple languages with ReSharper Full Edition.
Search results are displayed in the Find Results window, and organized in a hierarchy. From this window you can directly navigate to any usage with either keyboard or mouse. Additional functionality of Find Results provides several ways to work with search results, including:
- source code preview
- filtering by read or write usages, invocation usages, attribute usages, usages in documentation, or "other"
- grouping by categories
- tabs of recent usage searches, and more.
You can navigate between usages, when the Find Results window is open, by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Up/Down (even from the editor).
To specify the search scope and the type of usages to be found, use the Find Usages Advanced feature available by pressing Shift+Alt+F7:
Go to Usage
You can quickly navigate to symbols with few usages (e.g. with a private field) by pressing Ctrl+Alt+F7. Instead of opening an entire tool window, it will open usages in a pop-up.
However, if it turns out that the pop-up with the list of symbol usages contains too many items, just click the magnifier icon in the top right corner of the pop-up to transfer the list of usages to the Find Results window.
Highlight all the usages of a symbol within the current file. Just position the caret on any symbol usage and
press Ctrl+Shift+F7. You can also highlight usages of namespace import directives and even
ReSharper quickly finds and highlights usages of symbols within XAML markup as well as across languages.
Structural Search and Replace
This feature lets you create patterns to search for code smells or legacy code that ReSharper doesn't detect out of the box, and replace them with good code. More than that, in order to remove poor coding artifacts on a recurring basis, you can create custom code inspections and make ReSharper provide quick-fixes for them.
Building patterns and enforcing good practices has never been this easy. Corporate and team policies, custom frameworks, favorite open source libraries and tools — structured patterns are able to cover them all. As a bonus, you can import and export best patterns to share them with colleagues or move between ReSharper installations.
- Defining a placeholder for a search pattern:
- Search and replace patterns listed in ReSharper Pattern Catalog:
- Highlighting code that matches a search pattern and replacing it with a replace pattern:
With ReSharper, you can view the inheritance hierarchy of a certain type in a dedicated window. The window shows
both base types and inheritors of the selected type and allows you to navigate to any of them with a single
click. For any node in the hierarchy, you can view all or only polymorphic members in a separate preview
To open the Type Hierarchy window for a type, position the caret at the type name, and press Ctrl+Alt+H, or choose the View | Type Hierarchy on the ReSharper menu.
With the File Structure window, you can see what methods, fields, classes, and regions your current C# or VB.NET code file contains, as well as navigate directly to their declarations — just press Ctrl+F11.
In ASP.NET, File Structure lets you examine tags, scriptlets, controls, and other structural elements of a currently opened file, and navigate directly to their declarations. See ASP.NET and ASP.NET MVC Tools for details on how this and other navigation features help web developers.
For build scripts, File Structure lets you see what properties and targets that the current script contains. Within the window, you can rearrange build script structural elements within the file with a simple drag-and-drop.
File Structure also displays regions defined in the current file and allows you to arrange declarations within classes and regions according to your needs. Just drag the node to the new location.
The File Structure window is fully synchronized with the editor. All changes made to a file are immediately reflected in the File Structure and vice-versa.
This is a simple yet powerful feature: you can drop a numbered marker with a single shortcut, and jump back at any time with another shortcut. You can create up to 10 numbered bookmarks, and unlimited unnumbered bookmarks. The full list of bookmarked positions is displayed in a single pop-up window to speed up navigation between code spots.
Find Referenced/Dependent Code
Find Dependent Code lets you find code that depends on a selected project. Find Referenced Code works the opposite way, letting you find any outgoing references encountered within a certain scope (which can be as narrow as a method or as large as a project). Search results for both features are displayed in the Find Results window, or, if a single usage is found, the caret moves to the corresponding location.
To find dependent or referenced code, select a node in the Solution Explorer or position the caret at a container
in the text editor, and choose Find | Find Code Dependent on Module or Find Symbols External to Scope on the ReSharper menu.
Collapse All in Solution Explorer
ReSharper aids Visual Studio when it comes to managing state of nodes in Solution Explorer. When you collapse a project or another high-level node in Solution Explorer, plain Visual Studio doesn't collapse its containing nodes. As a result, when you expand the project at a later time, you find out that it reveals a sporadically expanded structure.
With ReSharper, you can just right-click a Solution Explorer node and select Collapse All in the context menu — the selected node will be collapsed along with any its child nodes.
Collapse All is a perfect match for another ReSharper neat little feature — Locate in Solution Explorer. For example, you can start with collapsing a project, and proceed with using Locate in Solution Explorer for expanding nodes that you really need.
Locate in Solution Explorer
This handy navigation feature, available with Ctrl+E, lets you highlight a corresponding node in Solution Explorer for any file that is currently open in the text editor. ReSharper highlights the node with blue, and auto-scrolls Solution Explorer, letting you actually see the highlighted node.
It is especially useful when you have a massive solution with tens to thousands of files, or a limited screen area that forces you to shrink the Solution Explorer window to the limit. In addition, the feature matches well with Collapse All in Solution Explorer.
View Recent Files
Pressing Ctrl+E opens a pop-up window with the list of recently opened files, where you can select any item to navigate to.
View Recent Edits
This works a lot like Recent Files, but the pop-up window shows the list of files and symbols that you have recently modified.
Stack Trace Explorer
When you receive an external stack trace (for example, from a bug report), you can copy-paste it into the Stack
Trace Explorer to navigate to where an exception originated. The lines within the stack trace will be
represented as hyperlinks. To open the Stack Trace Explorer, press Ctrl+Shift+E.
The To-do Explorer helps you keep track of all your reminder items marked with todo, note and/or bug tags, as well as positions where NotImplementedException are thrown. To-do Explorer retrieves all such items from all files in your solution — even closed ones — and displays them in To-do Explorer for your browsing pleasure
All keyboard shortcuts provided in the "Features" section are taken from ReSharper 2.x / IDEA keyboard scheme. For details on ReSharper's two default keymaps, see Documentation and Demos.