ReSharper Help

Convert Abstract Class to Interface

ReSharper | Refactor | Convert | Abstract Class to Interface…
ReSharper_Abstract2Interface

This refactoring allows you to convert an abstract class to an interface. This can be useful when you want a class to inherit from more than one abstract classes - then you can easily convert one of them to an interface.

Consider the example below. After applying the refactoring, a class is converted into an interface:

Before refactoringAfter refactoring
public abstract class CachedItem { public abstract int Id { get; set; } public abstract void Register(); public abstract void UnRegister(); }
public interface CachedItem { int Id { get; set; } void Register(); void UnRegister(); }

To turn an abstract class into an interface

  1. Select an abstract class in one of the following ways:
    • In the editor, set the caret at the name of an abstract class.
    • Select an abstract class in the Solution Explorer.
    • Select an abstract class in the File Structure window.
    • Select an abstract class in the Class View.
    • Select an abstract class in the Object Browser.
    • Select an abstract class in the type dependency diagram.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • On the main menu, choose ReSharper | Refactor | Convert | Abstract Class to Interface…
    • Right-click and choose Refactor | Convert Abstract Class to Interface on the context menu.
    • Press Ctrl+Shift+R and then choose Convert Abstract Class to Interface
  3. If the abstract class contains non-abstract members, ReSharper shows you a dialog notifying that the bodies and/or accessors of such members will be removed. To avoid this, you need to move the logic of non-abstract members to child classes or elsewhere manually, and then invoke the refactoring again.
  4. If no conflicts are identified, the abstract class is converted into an interface with the same name, and modifiers of abstract members are changed accordingly. Otherwise, resolve conflicts.

By default, the naming style for interfaces requires interface names to start with I. Therefore, if you did not change the settings, the interface name will be highlighted as inconsistently named. Just press Alt+Enter and use the corresponding quick fix to  rename the interface.

This feature is supported in the following languages/technologies:

C# VB.NET C++ HTML ASPX Razor JavaScript TypeScript CSS XML XAML RESX Build Scripts
feature_available feature_available

The instructions and examples given here address the use of the feature in C#. For details specific to other languages, see corresponding topics in the ReSharper by Language section.

See Also

Last modified: 30 June 2015