WebStorm 8.0.0 Web Help

WebStorm provides interface for installing, uninstalling, and upgrading client-side libraries and frameworks for your project using the Bower Package Manager. Alternatively, you can use the tool in the command line mode from the embedded local terminal.

On this page:

Preparing to install Bower
  1. Download and install Node.js. The framework is required for two reasons:
    • The Bower package manager is started through Node.js.
    • NPM, which is a part of the framework, is also the easiest way to download the Bower package manager.

    For details on using Node.js in WebStorm, see the section Node.js

    Tip

    Alternatively, you can define Node.js as an external tool, as described in the section Configuring third-party tools. This approach is helpful, when you need facilities that are missing in the plugin, for example, the possibility to pass certain parameters as wildcards.

  2. If you are going to use the command line mode, make sure the following paths are added to the PATH variable:
    1. The path to the parent folder of the Node.js executable file.
    2. The path to the npm folder.

    This enables you to launch the Bower package manager and npm from any folder.

  3. Make sure the Node.js plugin is enabled. The plugin is bundled with WebStorm and activated by default. If it is not, enable it as described in Enabling and Disabling Plugins.

Installing Bower

The easiest way to install the Bower package manager is to use the Node Package Manager (npm), which is a part of Node.js.

Depending on the desired location of the Bower package manager executable file, choose one of the following methods:

  • Install the package manager globally at the WebStorm level so it can be used in any WebStorm project.
  • Install the package manager in a specific project and thus restrict its use to this project.
  • Install the package manager in a project as a development dependency.

In either installation mode, make sure that the parent folder of the Bower package manager is added to the PATH variable. This enables you to launch the package manager from any folder.

WebStorm provides user interface both for global and project installation as well as supports installation through the command line.

See Installing and Removing External Software Using Node Package Manager for details.

Installing Bower globally

Global installation makes the package manager available at the WebStorm level so it can be used in any WebStorm project. Moreover, during installation the parent folder of the package manager is automatically added to the PATH variable, which enables you to launch the package manager from any folder. To install the package manager globally, do one of the following:

  1. Run the installation from the command line in the global mode:
    1. Switch to the directory where NPM is stored or define a PATH variable for it so it is available from any folder, see Installing NodeJs.
    2. Type the following command at the command line prompt:
      npm install -g bower 
                                  

      The -g key makes the package manager run in the global mode. Because the installation is performed through NPM, the Bower package manager is installed in the npm folder. Make sure this parent folder is added to the PATH variable. This enables you to launch the package manager from any folder.

      For more details on the NPM operation modes, see npm documentation. For more information about installing the Bower package manager, see https://npmjs.org/package/bower.

  2. Run NPM from WebStorm using the Node.js and NPM page of the Settings dialog box.
    1. Open the project settings and then click Node.js and NPM.
    2. On the Node.js and NPM page that opens, the Packages area shows all the Node.js-dependent packages that are currently installed on your computer, both at the global and at the project level. Click add.
    3. In the Available Packages dialog box that opens, select the bower package.
    4. Select the Options check box and type -g in the text box next to it.
    5. Optionally specify the product version and click Install Package to start installation.
Installing Bower in a project

Installing the package manager in a specific project restricts its use to this project. To run project installation, do one of the following:

  • In the command line mode, switch to the project root folder and type the following command at the command line prompt:
    npm install bower 
                    
  • Run NPM from WebStorm using the Node.js and NPM page of the Settings dialog box.
    1. Open the project settings and click Node.js and NPM.
    2. On the Node.js and NPM page that opens, the Packages area shows all the Node.js-dependent packages that are currently installed on your computer, both at the global and at the project level. Click add.
    3. In the Available Packages dialog box that opens, select the bower package.
    4. Optionally specify the product version and click Install Package to start installation.
Creating a Bower configuration file bower.json
  1. In the command line mode, switch to your project directory.
  2. Type the following command at the command line prompt:
    bower init
                

    If Bower does not start, check the installation: the parent folder or the Bower executable file should be specified in the PATH variable.

  3. Answer the questions to specify the following basic settings:
    • The testing framework to use.
    • The browsers to be captured automatically.
    • The patterns that define the location of test files to be involved in testing or excluded from it. For more details, see
    For more details, see Bower: Configuration.
Configuring Bower in WebStorm
  1. Choose File | Settings .
  2. In the Settings dialog box that opens, click JavaScript, then click Bower.
  3. On the Bower page that opens, specify the location of the Node.js and Bower executable files and the bower.json configuration file.

See Also

Procedures:

Reference:

Web Resources: