Selenium is a widely used open-source testing framework for automating web browser interactions. The framework supports various web browsers and platforms, making it versatile for comprehensive web application testing.
Selenium support allows you to create a dedicated project for automated tests in Java, Kotlin, Groovy, and Python. You can choose Maven or Gradle for dependency management. For managing test cases, you can select TestNG or JUnit.
Create a new Selenium project
Go to Welcome screen, click New Project.. Alternatively, if you're on the
From the list on the left, select Selenium.
Name the new project and change its location if necessary.
(Optional) Enable the Create Git repository option to place the new project under version control. If you do not want to do it now, you can do it later at any time.
Select the Language that you want to use.
From the JDK list, select the JDK that you want to use in your project.
If the JDK is installed on your computer, but not defined in the IDE, select Add JDK and specify the path to the JDK home directory.
If you don't have the necessary JDK on your computer, select Download JDK.
(Optional) Enable the Add sample code parameter.
Select the Selenium version that you want to use and add the required dependencies.
A new project is created according to the options that you have selected.
Add elements to code
Open the file where you want to add an element.
Click on the right-hand sidebar to open the Web Inspector toolbar window.
Specify the URL of the page in the address bar.
Click and select the element that you want to add in the Web Inspector.
Once the element is selected, click to add the element to the code.
To add a specific type of the selector (ID, Name, Tag with classes, and so on), click and select the required option.
If you want to switch specifically between CSS and XPath locators, click and select the required locator type.
As a result, a piece of code is generated and added to the code editor.
Customize the locator template
If you want to customize how selected elements are added to your code, you can modify the template:
Click the framework name on the Status bar. The UI Automation Framework menu opens.
Select the Customize Template option.
In the File and Code Templates dialog, select the required framework from the list.
Rewrite the code generation algorithms for the web element locator.
Click OK to save changes.
As a result, the locators will be added to the code according to the updated code generation algorithms.
To run your tests, click the gutter icon next to the test class or test method, then select the Run option from the list.
Alternatively, place the caret at the test class to run all tests in that class, or at the test method, and press Control+Shift+F10.
You can run tests in a more customizable way using the run/debug configurations. For more information, refer to Run tests.
Review test results
When the tests finish running, the results are displayed on the Test Runner tab of the Run tool window. On this tab, you can rerun tests, export and import test results, see how much time it took to run each test, and perform other actions.
For more information, refer to Explore test results.
In general, the debugging procedure includes the following steps:
Set breakpoints for the lines of code where the execution must be suspended.
Run your code in debug mode.
Use the Debug tool window to analyze the code and locate potential issues.
Fix the issues.
To reproduce these steps in the IDE, do the following:
In the gutter, hover over the executable line of code where you want to suspend the execution and click .
Click in the gutter and select Debug. This starts the debugger session and runs your code.
Once the program hits the breakpoint, the execution becomes suspended, and you can review the results of the debugger session on the Debug tool window.
For more information on debugging, refer to Debug code.
Modify a run/debug configuration
If you want to modify the startup properties for your tests, edit the run/debug configuration:
Click the current configuration in the run/debug configuration switcher and select the Edit Configurations... option.
In the Run/Debug Configurations dialog, configure the required startup properties.
For more information on run/debug configurations, refer to Run/debug configurations.
Use Selenoid for cross-browser testing
Selenoid is an implementation of the Selenium hub for Docker, which allows you to execute automated tests on web browsers running in Docker containers. For each test, Selenoid creates a container with the specified web browser, environment, and settings.
Run Selenoid on Docker
Open the browsers.json file in the editor.
On the panel above the editor, click Launch.
The IDE will pull all the required containers with the browsers, and run the main Selenoid container to manage them.
There are additional options available in the Selenoid run configuration settings, such as output destination folders for logs and videos. To access these options, click Configure on the pane above the editor when the browsers.json file is opened. For the detailed description of the options, refer to Docker run configurations.