DataGrip 2022.3 Help

Columns

A column is a piece of data that is stored by a table. This data belongs to a particular type. A column may include text, numbers, or pointers to files in the operating system. Some relational database systems allow columns to include more complex data types like whole documents, images, or video clips.

Each object in the Database Explorer has its own icon. You can see a reference on object icons in the following reference topic.

Add a column

  1. Right-click a table and select New | Column.

  2. Specify a column name and settings.

  3. Click Execute.

    Add a column

Delete a column

  1. Right-click a column and select Drop. Alternatively, press Delete.

  2. Click OK.

    Drop a column

Modify a column

  1. In the Database Explorer (View | Tool Windows | Database Explorer), right-click a column and select Modify Column.

  2. In the Modify Table dialog, specify the column settings that you need.

Starting with DataGrip 2022.1, you can change database-specific parameters of a column. The IDE generates fields for the Modify dialog automatically according to the properties received during the introspection. For example, by using this dialog in PostgreSQL, you can add and edit column check constraints.

Modify database-specific parameters of an object

  1. In the Database Explorer (View | Tool Windows | Database Explorer), right-click a column and select Modify Column.

  2. In the Modify dialog, specify object settings that you need.

    Modify a database-specific parameters

Reorder columns

To reorder columns, use dragging for the corresponding cells in the header row.

Reordering columns

    Hide columns

    • To hide a column, right-click the corresponding header cell and select Hide column.

      Alternatively, you can right-click any of the cells in the header row and select Columns List Ctrl+F12. In the Columns List window, select a column name and press Space. You can hide all columns. To search through the column list, just start typing a column name in the Columns List window.

      Hide a column

    Show columns

    1. Right-click any of the cells in the header row and select Columns List. Alternatively, press Ctrl+F12.

    2. Select the hidden column (a strikethrough column name) and press Space.

      Show a column

    Reset the table view to the initial state

    • Click the settings icon (the settings icon) and select Reset View. As a result, the data becomes unsorted, the columns appear in the order they were defined initially, and all the columns are shown.

      Restore the initial table view

    Inject a language for a column

    • You can assign HTML, CSS, XML, RegExp, or any other formal language for the whole column. So, when you have a piece of code inside the cell that belongs to the column, you can use code generation, code completion, and other IDE features.

      To inject a language for the whole column, right-click the corresponding header cell, and select Set Highlighting Language. In the list of supported languages, select the language that you want to inject.

      Inject a language for a column

    Change the column width

    • Position a cursor between two columns, so it changes to the resize mode. Drag it to the preferred position.

      Changing the width of a column

    Productivity tips

    Drag column names to your code

    • In the Database Explorer (View | Tool Windows | Database Explorer), select any database objects and drag them to your code.

      Drag column names to your code
    Last modified: 30 November 2022