GoLand 2021.2 Help

Database tool window

Overview

In the Database tool window (View | Tool Windows | Database), you can work with databases and DDL data sources. You can view and modify data structures in your databases, and perform other associated tasks. To view a table, double-click the table. For more information about different viewing modes, see View data.

the Database tool window

The available data sources are shown as a tree of data sources, schemas, tables and columns. If no data sources are currently defined, use the New command Alt+Insert to create a data source.

Most of the functions in this window are accessed by means of the toolbar icons or context menu commands. (If the toolbar is not currently shown, click the Settings button on the title bar and select Show Toolbar.) Many of the commands have keyboard shortcuts. If the toolbar is hidden, the Refresh and Open Query Console commands can be access by means of the title bar icons (the Refresh button and the Jump to Query Console button respectively).

Controls on the toolbar

IconCommandShortcutDescriptionAvailable for
Collapse AllCollapse all the nodes.All node types
the Add buttonNewAlt+InsertCreate a new data source, role, database, schema, query console, table, column, index, or a primary or a foreign key. The list of options depends on which element is currently selected.Data sources and their elements. If a DDL data source is selected, you can only choose to create another data source.
the Duplicate buttonDuplicateCtrl+DCreate a copy of the selected data source. Specify the properties of the data source in the Data Sources and Drivers dialog that opens.DB and DDL data source nodes
the Refresh buttonRefreshCtrl+F5

Update the view of the selected element (that is to synchronize the view of the element with its actual state in the database).

See also, Data sources and drivers dialog.

data sources and their elements
the Data Source Properties buttonData Source PropertiesOpen the Data Sources and Drivers dialog to manage your data sources and their settings.All node types
the Stop buttonDisconnectCtrl+F2Close the database connection for the selected data source or data sources. (The names of the data sources with active database connections are shown in bold.)Data sources with active connections and their elements
the Edit Data buttonEdit DataF4Open a table view of the object in the data editor. This option works for tables, views, and materialized views.Corresponding elements in data sources.
the Edit Source buttonGo to DDLCtrl+B

Open the DDL of the selected object. For example, if you press this shortcut on a table's name in the SELECT statement, you will see the DDL of this table (the CREATE TABLE statement).

Go to Declaration
Corresponding elements in data sources.
the Jump to Query Console buttonJump to Query ConsoleCtrl+Shift+F10Open the default query console for the corresponding data source.Data sources and their elements (tables and table columns)
the Filter buttonFilterOpen a list of database objects that you can filter for the selected database. The list of database objects depends on the selected database. To see a full list of available database objects and their icons, go to Icons for data sources and their elements.Data sources and their elements

Controls of the right-click menu

Context-menu actions appear when you right-click an object in the Database tool window (View | Tool Windows | Database).

CommandShortcutDescription
NewCreate a new data source, role, database, schema, query console, table, column, index, a primary or a foreign key. The list of options depends on which element is currently selected.
RenameShift+F6Rename the selected data source, table or column. Specify the new name in the dialog that opens.

Modify Object

or

Modify Table

Ctrl+F6

Edit the definition of a table, column, index, primary or a foreign key.

Copy ReferenceCtrl+Alt+Shift+CCopy the fully qualified name of the selected data source, table or column to the clipboard.
Quick DocumentationCtrl+Q

View basic information about the selected element.

basic information about the selected element

To close the documentation popup, press Escape.

Find UsagesAlt+F7Find all the usages or references of a data source, table, column, or any other selected item in your source files and libraries.
Add to Favorites

Add an item to the Favorites list. You can quickly access those items in the Favorites tool window (View | Tool Windows | Favorites).

SQL Scripts | SQL GeneratorCtrl+Alt+G

Generate data definition structures for database objects. For example, you can generate DDL files for a single table or for all the tables in the schema. Also, you can customize generation settings. For example, you can set what syntax to use for table creation: CREATE TABLE or CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS.

Generate data definition structures
SQL Scripts | Request and Copy Original DDLCtrl+Alt+G

If your database stores DDL of the object, retrieve DDL from the database.

SQL Scripts | Generate DDL to ClipboardCtrl+Alt+Shift+G

Generate DDL of the object and copy it to the clipboard.

SQL Scripts | Generate DDL to Query ConsoleCtrl+Alt+Shift+B

Generate DDL of the object and paste it to a query console.

Database Tools | Modify CommentModify or add a comment to a database object like if you have run the following query COMMENT ON SCHEMA information_schema IS 'myComment';.
Database Tools | TruncateRemove all the rows in the selected table.
Database Tools | Manage Shown Schemas

Open a popup with available schemas for the current data source.

Popup with available schemas
Database Tools | Hide SchemasHide the schema that is selected.
Database Tools | Force RefreshCtrl+Shift+F5

Delete the data source information from cache and load it again. This action is available on the data source node only.

Database Tools | Forget Cached Schemas

Delete the information that GoLand has accumulated about your database. This action is available on the data source node only.

Use this command when you experience issues like wrong display of data structures or errors during synchronization.

To check if this has eliminated the problem, use the Synchronize command.

Database Tools | PropertiesShift+EnterOpen the Data Sources and Drivers window where you can customize data source settings.
Database Tools | Drop Primary KeyRemove the primary key constraint for the current table.
Database Tools | Drop Foreign KeyRemove the foreign key constraint.
Diagnostics | Dump Model

Generate a GoLand-specific representation of the database structure (a database model).

Dump model
Diagnostics | Diagnostic Refresh

Reload the metadata from the database and generate a LOG file. This information might be helpful for the support team when you think that your introspection is slow.

Diagnostic refresh
Diagnostics | Prepare Introspector Diagnostics

Generate three files that include information about the data source (dataSource.txt), a module that was used to load the metadata from the database (introspector.txt), and a part of the database model (model.xml).

This information might be helpful when introspection works incorrectly. For example, when you see something outdated or do not see new objects.

Prepare introspector diagnostic

Drop

or

Remove

DeleteRemove the selected item.
Jump to Query ConsoleCtrl+Shift+F10Create and open a new query console for the selected data source.
RefreshCtrl+F5Create and open a new query console for the selected data source.
CompareCtrl+D

Compare structures of two selected database objects (data sources, schemas, or tables). The comparison results are shown in the differences viewer.

Compare ContentCompare the output results of tables, views, and materialized views. The comparison results are shown in the differences viewer.
Export Data to &File

Save data for the selected tables and views in files. Select the output format (for example, SQL Inserts, Tab-separated (TSV), JSON-Clojure.json.clj).

Export with 'mysqldump'

or

Export with 'pg_dump'

Run mysqldump or pg_dump for the selected items. mysqldump and pg_dump are native MySQL and PostgreSQL tools. They are not integrated into GoLand. You can read about them at dev.mysql.com and postgresql.org.

Import Data from File

Import a text file containing delimiter-separated values (CSV, TSV, and so on) into your database.

If a schema is currently selected, GoLand will create a new table for the data that you are importing. If a table is selected, GoLand will try to add the data to the selected table.

Full-text SearchShift+Ctrl+Alt+F

Search for data in your databases or a group of databases without knowing data exact location.

For more information about the full-text search, see Full-text search in databases.

Restore with 'mysql'

Restore with 'psql'

or

Restore

Run mysql ,pg_restore, or psql to restore a data dump. These tools are native for MySQL and PostgreSQL. They are not integrated into GoLand. You can read about them at dev.mysql.com and postgresql.org.
Copy Table toF5Create a copy of the selected table. You can create a copy in a different scheme or data source. For example, you can copy the actor table from MySQL to PostgreSQL.
Color Settings

Set or change the color for the selected element or elements. (The Database Color Settings dialog will open.)

To set a color, right-click a data source and select Color Settings. In the Database Color Settings dialog, select the dialog and coloring options. To have the data source color applied for query consoles and grids, select the In console editors and grids checkbox.

Text data viewer uses the color of the data source
Scripted Extensions | Generate POJOs.cljGenerate a Java entity class for the selected table. In the dialog that opens, specify the directory in which the JAVA class file should be generated.
Scripted Extensions | Go to Scripts DirectorySwitch to the directory where the Generate POJOs.clj example script file is located.

Diagrams | Show Visualisation

and

Diagrams | Show Visualisation Popup

Ctrl+Alt+Shift+U and Ctrl+Alt+U

View a UML class diagram for the selected data source or table. You can select between the following options:

  • Show Visualisation to open the diagram on a separate editor tab.

  • Show Visualisation Popup to see the diagram in a popup.

View options

The view options, generally, define what is shown in the tool window and how. To view or change these options, click the Settings button on the title bar.

OptionDescription
Group Data Sources

Displays folders for data sources if you created any.

EnabledDisabled
Option is enabled
Option is disabled
Group Server and Database Objects

Displays folders for server and database objects. This setting concerns users, roles, tablespaces, modules, foreign data wrappers and other rarely-used objects.

EnabledDisabled
Option is enabled
Option is disabled
Group Schema Objects

Defines how schema elements are shown.

When on, there are separate nodes for tables, views and stored routines (shown as folders). Tables, views and routines (procedures and functions) are shown as elements of the corresponding groups.

The Group Schema option is on

When off, there is no explicit grouping for tables, views, and routines. Tables and views are followed by procedures and functions.

The Group Schema option is off
Group Object Elements

This option defines how table elements are shown.

When on, there are separate nodes for columns, indexes, primary and foreign key constraints, and triggers (shown as folders). The elements appear in the corresponding groups.

The Group Contents option is on

When off, there is no such grouping and, generally, only columns are shown for tables.

The Group Contents option is off
Show All Namespaces

Show all databases and schemes even if they are not selected for introspection.

When the Show All Namespaces option is disabled, databases that are not selected for introspection do not appear in the Database tool window (View | Tool Windows | Database).

Show All Namespaces

When the Show All Namespaces option is enabled, databases that are not selected for introspection are displayed in the Database tool window (View | Tool Windows | Database).

Show All Namespaces
Show Empty Groups

If the Group Schema Objects or Group Object Elements options are selected, you can select to show or hide the categories that contain no elements.

The Show Empty Groups option is on:

The Show Empty Groups option is on

The Show Empty Groups option is off:

The Show Empty Groups option is off
Show Intermediate Nodes

Shows or hides parent nodes only when you do not have other objects on the same level with a parent.

EnabledDisabled
Show Intermediate Nodes is enabled
Show Intermediate Nodes is disabled
Show Generated Objects

For Oracle, shows or hides auto-generated objects in the tree. It concerns the following objects:

  • Materialized view logs

  • The underlying tables for materialized views

  • Secondary tables

Separate Procedures and Functions

In Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, and PostgreSQL, separates procedures and functions into different folders.

Separate Procedures and Functions
Sort Alphabetically

Order database objects alphabetically. When the option is disabled, natural sort order is applied.

Sort Alphabetically is enabledSort Alphabetically is disabled
natural sort order is enabled
natural sort order is disabled
Place Constraints and Similar Objects under Schema

Display nodes for object names that exist in a schema namespace. For example, nodes for keys, CHECK constraints, indexes, triggers, rules, and other objects.

You can use this option in the following situations:

  • To find an object inside a schema with the help of a quick search.

  • To see the columns just under the table node. To do this, turn off the Show Empty Groups.

EnabledDisabled
natural sort order is enabled
natural sort order is disabled
Show ToolbarDisplay the toolbar in the Database tool window (View | Tool Windows | Database) .

Icons for data sources and their elements

IconDescription
Access MethodAccess Method
AggregateAggregate
Alias TypeAlias Type
ArgumentArgument
BodyBody
CheckCheck
ClusterCluster
CollationCollation
Collection TypeCollection Type
Column

Column. For more information about column icon combinations, see Possible icon combinations for columns.

Data FileData File
DatabaseDatabase
Read-onlyRead-only status
the DDL data source iconDDL data source
DefaultDefault
ExceptionException
ExtensionExtension
External SchemaExternal Schema
Foreign Data WrapperForeign Data Wrapper
Foreign KeyForeign Key
Foreign TableForeign Table
IndexIndex
KeyKey
Materialized LogMaterialized Log
Materialized ViewMaterialized View
Object AttributeObject Attribute
Object TypeObject Type
OperatorOperator
PackagePackage
ProjectionProjection
data source

Read-only data sources

RoleRole
RoutineRoutine
RuleRule
Scheduled EventScheduled Event
SchemaSchema
SequenceSequence
ServerServer
the Stored procedure or function iconStored procedure or function
SynonymSynonym
TableTable
Table TypeTable Type
TablespaceTablespace
TriggerTrigger
UserUser
User MappingUser Mapping
VariableVariable
ViewView
Virtual TableVirtual Table

Possible icon combinations for columns

IconForeign keyPrimary keyIndexedNOT NULL
Column
Column with a foreign keyHas a foreing key
Column with a primary keyHas a primary key
Indexed columnIndexed
Column that does not accept NULL valuesHas the NOT NULL contraint
Indexed column that does not accept NULL valuesIndexedHas the NOT NULL contraint
Indexed column with primary and foreign keys that does not accept NULL valuesHas a foreing keyHas a primary keyIndexedHas the NOT NULL contraint
Indexed column with primary and foreign keysHas a foreing keyHas a primary keyIndexed
Column with primary and foreign keys that does not accept NULL valuesHas a foreing keyHas a primary keyHas the NOT NULL contraint
Column with primary and foreign keysHas a foreing keyHas a primary key
Indexed column with a foreign key that does not accept NULL valuesHas a foreing keyIndexedHas the NOT NULL contraint
Column with a foreign key that does not accept NULL valuesHas a foreing keyHas the NOT NULL contraint
Indexed column with a foreign key that accepts NULL valuesHas a foreing keyIndexed
Indexed column with a primary key that does not accept NULL valuesHas a primary keyIndexedHas the NOT NULL contraint
Column with a primary key that does not accept NULL valuesHas a primary keyHas the NOT NULL contraint
Indexed column with a primary keyHas a primary keyIndexed
Indexed column that does not accept NULL valuesIndexedHas the NOT NULL contraint

Title bar context menu and buttons

You can right-click the window title bar and use the context menu to configure its viewing mode, associate the window with a different tool window bar, or resize and hide the window.

You can also use the toolbar buttons:

ItemShortcutDescription
Scroll from Editor

Automatically sets the focus on the object name in the Project view when the editor area is in focus.

Collapse allCtrl+NumPad -Collapse all expanded nodes in the current view.
Hide tool windowShift+Escape

Hide the tool window.

To hide all the tool windows, press Ctrl+Shift+F12.

Last modified: 31 August 2021