Besides generating signed packages for deploying on physical devices or unsigned packages for running on emulators, you can also have an application package extracted and signed in the debug mode. This signature is sufficient for testing and debugging applications but does not allow publishing them. Signing an application package in the debug mode is available only through an artifact.
In the debug mode, you can have an APK signed either with the default certificate or with a custom one.
If you decide to use the default certificate, IntelliJ IDEA signs the extracted package in the debug mode using the debug keystore or key that is generated by the Android SDK tools and has the predefined names and passwords:
- Keystore name: debug.keystore
- Keystore password: android
- Key alias: androiddebugkey
- Key password: android
- CN (common name): CN=Android Debug,O=Android,C=US
This setting is default in IntelliJ IDEA. This means that if you do not configure any artifact manually and choose Deploy default APK in the Run/Debug Configuration: Android Application dialog box, IntelliJ IDEA will use the predefined values in the certificate for the generated .apk.
If you use a custom certificate, IntelliJ IDEA signs the extracted package in the debug mode using the debug keystore or key that you specify yourself . You can have a new certificate generated or reuse an existing one. The latter approach is helpful, for example, if you have several applications and you want them all signed with he same certificate so they can be stored in the same folder on the device.
- Open the Project Structure settings.
- Click Artifacts to open the Artifacts page.
Click the New button and
choose the artifact type Android Application in the New drop-down list.
Then specify the original contents of the artifact definition using the context menu:
- To have an empty layout definition created. choose Empty.
- To have the data of a module included in the artifact by default, choose From module <module name>.
The basic settings of the new artifact are displayed in the Artifact Layout pane that opens.
- Specify the general settings of the artifact. In the Output directory text box, specify the location of the package .apk file to be created.
- Complete the artifact definition by following these general steps:
In the Android tab, specify the certificate to use:
- Choose Debug signed with default certificate to have IntelliJ IDEA use the debug keystore or key that is generated by the Android SDK tools and has the predefined names and passwords.
Choose Debug signed with custom certificate to have the package signed with a certificate of your choice.
Specify the key to use and the keystore file that contains it by doing one of the following:
To have the package signed with a key from a previously generated keystore file:
- Specify the file location in the Keystore path text box. Type the path manually or click the Choose existing button and choose the file in the dialog that opens. In the Password text box, type your password to access the selected keystore.
- Specify the key alias and the password to access the key.
- To have a new key generated in an existing keystore:
To have a new keystore file with a new key generated:
- Click the Create new button. In the New Key Store dialog box that opens, specify the location of the file to be generated in the Key store path text box. Type the path manually or click the Browse button , then select the parent folder and specify the name of the file.
- Specify and confirm the password to access the keystore.
- Configure the release key to be generated by filling in the data in the Key area. The procedure is identical no matter whether you are using a wizard or an artifact definition, see Generating a Signed Release APK Using a Wizard: Generating a new release key for details.
- Click OK when ready. IntelliJ IDEA brings you back to the Android tab, where the keystore location, the key alias and passwords to access them are filled in in the corresponding fields.
- To have the package signed with a key from a previously generated keystore file:
- To have IntelliJ IDEA obfuscate the application during packaging, select the Run ProGuard check box and specify the location of the proguard.txt configuration file. The file is generated during project creation and is stored in the project root. IntelliJ IDEA suggests this default location in the Config file path text box. Accept the suggestion or specify a custom configuration file by clicking the Browse button and selecting the required file in the dialog that opens.
- Generating Signed and Unsigned Android Application Packages
- Generating an Unsigned Release APK
- Generating an APK in the Debug Mode