IntelliJ IDEA 14.1.0 Help

Version Control Basics

One of the nicest things about IntelliJ IDEA is its seamless integration with the major version control systems.

To learn about the supported version controls, refer to the section Supported Version Control Systems.

In this section:

Checking out a project from version control

To import a project from version control, click the Check out from Version Control button on the Welcome screen, or use the same command from the VCS node on the main menu.

check_out_from_version_control

If a project has Maven or Gradle build files, IntelliJ IDEA will offer to use them for configuration.

Version control settings

To access version control settings of your project, click Version Control node of the Settings dialog. You can associate any of the project folders with a repository root. These associations can be changed or removed at any time, or you can even opt to disable the version control integration entirely.

IntelliJ IDEA can handle multiple VCS repositories assigned to different folders of the project hierarchy and perform all VCS operations on them uniformly.

Refer to the following sections for details:

Version control tool window and changelists

After version control is enabled for a project, you can see and manage your local changes via the topicId2327ersion Control tool window. There are numerous ways to show this tool window, but the quickest is to press Alt+9.

To make working with changes easier, all changes are organized into changelists that can be created, removed, and made active.

Vcs operations quick list

When you need to perform a VCS operation from on a currently selected file, directory, or even on the entire project, use the VCS operations quick list via Alt+Back Quote.

vcs_operations_quick_list.png

Show history

The changes history is available for a set of files or directories via the VCS operations quick list, or in the VCS main menu <Version control name> | Show History, or on the context menu under <Version control name> node.

To see all changes for a specific piece of code, use the Show History for Selection action.

Refer to the section Viewing Changes History for a File or Selection for details.

Annotations

Annotations allow seeing who and when changed this or that line of code. They are available from both the quick list, the main and context menus.

When you click annotation, you will see the detailed information about corresponding commit.

Refer to the section Working with Annotations for details.

Useful shortcuts

  • Commit current changelist Ctrl+K
  • Update project Ctrl+T
  • Mark selected files and folders as added Ctrl+Alt+A
  • Mark selected files and folders as changed (checked out) Ctrl+Alt+E
  • Show diff (available in the Version Control tool window) Ctrl+D
  • Move changes to another change list (available in the Version Control tool window) F6
  • Push commits to remote repositories Ctrl+Shift+K

Commit options

When committing changes, IntelliJ IDEA lets perform a variety of operations: change the file set to commit to, join the changes with the previous commit by using the Amend commit option, reformat the changed code, optimize imports, ensure that there are no inspection warnings, update the copyright information, or even upload the changes to a remote FTP server.

Ignored files

These files are invisible for the version control systems. You can configure the ignored files on the Ignored Files page of the Settings dialog.

Branches

This feature relates to Git and Mercurial integrations only !

With IntelliJ IDEA, you can easily create, switch, merge, compare and delete branches.

git_branch_checkout

To see a list of existing branches or create a new one, use either the Branches from the main VCS or context menu, or the VCS operations quick list, or the widget on the right side of the Status bar.

git_widget

For multiple repositories, IntelliJ IDEA performs all VCS operations on all branches simultaneously, so you don't need to switch between them manually.

Shelves, stashes, and patches

The Shelves and Stashes (for Git) help you when you need to put away some of local changes without committing them to repository, then switch to repository version of files, and then come back to your changes later.

They differ slightly in that the Shelves are handled by IntelliJ IDEA itself and are stored in local file system, while stashes are kept in a VCS repository.

The Patches allow you to save a set of changes to a file that can be transferred via email or file sharing and then applied to the code. It’s helpful for when you're working remotely without having a constant connection to your VCS repository and still need to contribute.

Log

This feature relates to Git and Mercurial integrations only !

To see the entire list of commits in a repository, sorted and filtered by branch, user, date, folder, or even a phrase in description, use the Log tab in the Version Control tool window. This is the easiest way to find a particular commit, or to just browse through the history.

See Also

Last modified: 12 August 2015