Ant is a flexible, platform-independent build tool from Apache Ant Project. IntelliJ IDEA integrates with Ant to provide a comprehensive build process, that includes compilation, packaging with the documentation and source code, committing to version control and much more.
Ant integration is shipped with IntelliJ IDEA, and you do not need to perform any additional actions to install it. However, it is also possible to use the other Ant installations.
Ant support in IntelliJ IDEA imposes certain prerequisites, and includes the following features:
- Creating Ant Build File
- Generating Ant Build File
- Adding Build File to Project
- Controlling Behavior of Ant Script with Build File Properties
- Running the Build
- Working with Ant Properties File
Before you start working with Ant, make sure that the Ant support plugin is enabled. The plugin is bundled with IntelliJ IDEA and is activated by default. If the plugin is not activated, enable it on the Plugins page of the Settings / Preferences Dialog as described in Enabling and Disabling Plugins.
Dedicated tool window
Ant Build tool window enables adding Ant build scripts to IntelliJ IDEA project, control behavior of the build, and execute Ant build targets.
Ant build files
Ant works with the XML build file. Normally, the name of the build file is
build.xml. Build file describes the steps, or build targets, required to build a project. The root element of the build file is
<project>. IntelliJ IDEA makes it possible to work with existing build files, create new build files from scratch, or generate them automatically.
IntelliJ IDEA is aware of specific Ant syntax. However, you have to let IntelliJ IDEA know that a certain XML file is in fact an Ant build file. To be recognized as a build file and enable all advanced editing features, an Ant build file should meet at least one of the following requirements:
- The file should be properly added to the project.
<project>root element should have
Otherwise such files are treated as regular XML files with basic editing support. Once a build file is added to a project, it can be used to run the build and modify its properties.
Ant build targets
A build target is identified with a unique name and defines a procedure that should be executed to accomplish a certain task, for example, create a JAR file, or generate API documentation. A target specified in the
default attribute of the
<project> element is considered the default target, which is executed when no other target is specified. This target is called the primary target, and is marked with bold font in the Ant Build tool window.
When editing Ant build files in IntelliJ IDEA, you can enjoy the following advanced editing features:
- Syntax highlighting.
- Code completion. In particular, code completion is provided for the properties of the File type.
- Navigating to declaration Ctrl+B.
- Using Structure view.
- Rename refactoring.
- Code folding.
- Viewing parameter information Ctrl+P.
- Viewing quick info Ctrl+Q. In particular, if classpath is defined as a path-like structures, the View Quick Info command for the
dirsetdirectives displays the actual files and directories on the disk, to which these directives are resolved.
IntelliJ IDEA enables using path-like structures in the task definitions. If a classpath is defined as a path-like structure, the paths in the
dirset directives are resolved into the actual files and directories on the disk. All JARs, required for performing the task, should be placed to the same place that contains the JAR with task definitions.