Overview of the user interface
When you open a project in IntelliJ IDEA, the default user interface looks as follows:
Depending on the set of plugins, IntelliJ IDEA edition , and configuration settings, your IDE may look and behave differently.
Use the editor to read, write, and explore your source code .
The navigation bar at the top is a quick alternative to the Project tool window where you can navigate the structure of your project and open files for editing.
Use the buttons to the right of the navigation bar to build , run and debug your application, access your project structure settings , and perform basic version control operations (if the version control integration is configured). It also contains buttons to Run Anything (press Ctrl twice) and Search Everywhere (press Shift twice).
The left part of the status bar at the bottom of the main window shows the most recent event messages and descriptions of actions when you hover over them with the mouse pointer. Click a message in the status bar to open it in the Event Log. Right-click the message in the status bar and select Copy to paste the message text when you are searching for a solution to a problem or need to add it to a support ticket or to the IntelliJ IDEA issue tracker.
The status bar also shows the progress of background tasks. You can click to show the Background Tasks manager.
The right part of the status bar contains widgets that indicate the overall project and IDE status and provide access to various settings. Depending on the set of plugins and configuration settings, the set of widgets can change. Right-click the status bar to select the widgets that you want to show or hide.
The line and column numbers divided by a colon denote the current caret position in the editor. Click the numbers to jump to a specific line and column. If you select a code fragment in the editor, IntelliJ IDEA also shows the number of characters and line breaks in the selected fragment.
|Click to change the line endings of the current file in the editor.|
|Click to change the encoding of the current file in the editor.|
|Click to lock the file from editing (set it to read-only).|
Click to change the code inspection highlighting settings.
Use the slider to choose between Inspections (highlight everything), Syntax (highlight only syntax errors), and None (do not highlight anything).
Select the Power Save Mode checkbox to minimize power consumption by eliminating all background operations . In this mode the IDE is more like a text editor without background compilation, code completion, code inspections, and highlighting.
Clear the Import popup checkbox to disable auto-import for the current file.
|If version control integration is enabled, this widget shows the current VCS branch. Click it to manage VCS branches.|
|Click to change the indents style used in the current file.|
|Shows the amount of memory that IntelliJ IDEA consumes out of the total amount of heap memory. For more information, see Increase memory heap.|
Tool windows provide functionality that supplements editing code. For example, the Project tool window shows you the structure of your project, and the Run tool window displays the output of your application when you run it.
By default, tool windows are docked to the sides and bottom of the main window. You can arrange them as necessary, undock, resize, hide, and so on. Right-click the title of the tool window or click in the title for its arrangement options.
You can assign shortcuts to quickly access the tool windows that you frequently use. Some of them have shortcuts by default. For example, to open the Project tool window, press Alt+1, and to open the Terminal tool window, press Alt+F12. To jump from the editor to the last active tool window, press F12.
You can right-click various elements of the interface to see the actions available in the current context. For example, right-click a file in the Project tool window for actions related to that file, or right-click in the editor to see actions that apply to the current code fragment.
Most of these actions can also be performed from the main menu at the top of the screen or the main window. Actions with shortcuts show the shortcut next to the action name.
Popup menus provide quick access for actions related to the current context. Here are some useful popup menus and their shortcuts:
Alt+Insert opens the Generate popup for generating boilerplate code based on the context.
Ctrl+Alt+Shift+T opens the Refactor This popup with a list of contextually available refactorings.
Alt+Insert in the Project tool window opens the New popup for adding new files and directories to your project.
Alt+` opens the VCS Operations popup with contexutally available acttios for your version control system.
You can create custom popup menus using quick lists of actions that you often use.