Running and debugging Node.js
IntelliJ IDEA helps you run and debug your Node.js applications. You can debug applications that are started from IntelliJ IDEA as well as attach to already running applications.
Before you start
Make sure the Node.js bundled plugin is enabled on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, see Managing plugins for details.
Running a Node.js application
IntelliJ IDEA runs Node.js applications according to a run configuration of the type Node.js. IntelliJ IDEA also uses this configuration to start the debugger together with Node.js applications.
Create a Node.js run/debug configuration
From the main menu, choose Edit Configurations dialog, click on the toolbar and select Node.js from the list. The Run/Debug Configuration: Node.js dialog opens., then in the
Specify the Node.js interpreter to use. This can be a local Node.js interpreter or a Node.js on Windows Subsystem for Linux.
Specify the Node Parameters that customize the start of Node.js. For example, you may want to enable an experimental Node.js feature or pass another option, see the Node.js official website for details.
In the Application parameters field, specify the Node.js-specific arguments to be passed to the application on start through the process.argv array.
Run an application
Select the newly created Node.js configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The application starts, and the Run tool window opens showing the application output.
If you are using a logging tool like morgan in your application and this tool writes logs to a file, you can see these logs in the Console tab of the Run tool window.
Manage logs when running a Node.js application
Create a Node.js run/debug configuration as described above and go to the Logs tab.
Click next to the Log files to be shown in console field which lists the available log files (if any).
In the Edit Log Files Aliases dialog that opens, type the alias name to show in the list of log entries and specify the location of the log file. Select whether you want to show all files that this pattern covers or only the last one.
Click OK to return to Node.js Run/Debug Configuration dialog, where the new log file is added to the list. Select the Is Active checkbox next to it. To skip the previous content, select the Skip Content checkbox.
To enable saving the console output to a log file, select the Save console output to file checkbox and specify the file location.
Choose when you want the Console shown.
Debugging a Node.js application
console.log() statements. You can do many things that will help you explore the code and understand where the bug is. In the Debug tool window, you can view the call stack and the variables in their current state, evaluate expressions in the editor, and step through the code.
You can initiate a debugging session in two ways:
Start the debugger together with your application using a Node.js run/debug configuration.
Attach the debugger to an already running application. In this case, your application is already running in the debug mode and IntelliJ IDEA attaches to a running process.
IntelliJ IDEA recognizes
--inspect-brk, and now deprecated
--debugflags so you can make any application accessible for debugging.
To debug a running application, use an Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration.
With IntelliJ IDEA, you can also debug Node.js applications that are running in Vagrant boxes, in Docker containers, or on remote hosts accessible via various transfer protocols or via SSH.
Starting the debugger together with a Node.js application on your computer
Set the breakpoints in the code where necessary.
Select the newly created Node.js configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The Debug tool window opens.
Perform the steps that will trigger the execution of the code with the breakpoints.
Switch to IntelliJ IDEA, where the controls of the Debug tool window are now enabled. Proceed with the debugging session —step through the breakpoints, switch between frames, change values on-the-fly, examine a suspended program, evaluate expressions, and set watches.
Debugging a running Node.js application
With IntelliJ IDEA, you can debug an already running application with the Chrome Debugging Protocol or with the V8 Debugging Protocol (also known as Legacy Protocol).
In either case, a debugging session is initiated through an Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration.
Start the debugger from the built-in Terminal or from the Run or Debug tool window
If an application was started with the
--inspect-brk flag, you can start a debugging session from the built-in Terminal, from the Run tool window, or from the Debug tool window.
Run your application with an
--inspect-brkflag. You can do that in several ways, for example:
Open the embedded Terminal (Alt+F12) and, type:
node --inspect-brk <path to the starting page of your application relative to the project root>
Launch a script from package.json or from the npm tool window, see Running and debugging scripts for details.
Depending on the action you select from the list, the output will be shown in the Run or in the Console tab of the Debug tool window.
The Terminal, the Run tool window, or the Console tab of the Debug tool window shows an information message
Debugger listening <host>:<port>, the default port is
9229. To start debugging, hold Ctrl+Shift and click the link.
IntelliJ IDEA starts a debugging session with an automatically generated Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration.
Debug with Chrome Debugging Protocol
Use this protocol to debug applications started with the
--inspect-brk flag. This flag is used with Node.js versions later than 6.3.
Set the breakpoints as necessary.
Select Edit Configuration dialog that opens, and select Attach to Node.js/Chrome from the list. The Run/Debug Configuration: Attach to Node.js/Chrome dialog opens.from the main menu, then click in the
Specify the host where the target application is running and the port passed to
--inspect-brkwhen starting the Node.js process to connect to. Copy the port number from the information message
Debugger listening <host>:<port>in the Terminal tool window or in the Run tool window that controls the running application. The default port is 9229.
In the Attach to area, select Chrome or Node.js > 6.3 started with --inspect.
Select the newly created Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The Debug tool window opens.
Perform the actions that will trigger the code at the breakpoint. Control over the debugging session returns to IntelliJ IDEA.
Switch to IntelliJ IDEA. In the Debug tool window, step through the breakpoints, switch between frames, change values on-the-fly, examine a suspended program, evaluate expressions , and set watches.
Debug with V8 Debugging Protocol
Use this protocol to debug applications started with the
--debug flag. This flag is used with Node.js versions earlier than 8.
Create an Attach to Node.js/Chrome run/debug configuration as described above and specify the host and the port passed to
--debug. The default port is 9229.
Make sure the application to debug was launched with the following parameters:
--debug=<debugger port>. The default port is
Proceed as during a debugging session with Chrome Debugging Protocol.
Debugging a Node.js application that uses nodemon
The IntelliJ IDEA built-in debugger can automatically reconnect to running Node.js processes. This lets you debug Node.js applications that use the nodemon utility, which automatically reloads your Node.js process when the code is updated.
To debug such application, you need to start it in the debug mode (with the
--inspect-brk flag) and then connect to it using the Attach to a Node.js/Chrome debug configuration with the Reconnect Automatically option on.
In the embedded Terminal (Alt+F12) , type
npm install --save-dev nodemonor
yarn add nodemon --devto install nodemon as a development dependency.
Start an application with nodemon in the debug mode
Create and run the following
npm debugscript:debug": "nodemon --inspect <path_to_the_file_that_starts_your_application>
See Running and debugging scripts for details.
Alternatively, pass the
inspectflag through a Node.js run/debug configuration as described above.
Debug an application
Set the breakpoints in your code as necessary.
Create a new Attach to a Node.js/Chrome configuration as described in Debugging a running Node.js application and select the Reconnect automatically checkbox.
Usually, you don’t need to change the port in the configuration
9229because it’s the default port the debugger is listening on. But you can double-check what port is used in the message logged when you run the app in the debug mode.
Select the newly created Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The debugger stops at the breakpoints that you put in your code in IntelliJ IDEA.
Now, every time you make any changes to the code and save them Ctrl+S, nodemon will automatically reload the application and the debugger will automatically re-attach to the restarted process.