IntelliJ IDEA 2022.1 Help

Configuring remote Node.js interpreters

In IntelliJ IDEA, you need to configure a remote Node.js interpreter when you want to develop, test, lint, run and debug your application on Node.js installed on a remote host or in a virtual environment.

Remote Node.js interpreters are configured in the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog. You can open this dialog from the Node.js page of the Settings/Preferences dialog or later, when you create or edit a Node.js run/debug configuration for running or debugging your application in a remote environment.

The recommended way is to configure a remote Node.js interpreter in the Settings/Preferences dialog. In this case you can set the interpreter and the associated package manager as default for your project.

A remote Node.js interpreter that you configure right in the Node.js run/debug configuration can be used only with this run/debug configuration.

Remote Node.js interpreter on a host accessible through SSH connection

Before you start

  1. Install the Node.js and Node.js Remote Interpreter plugins on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, tab Marketplace, as described in Installing plugins from JetBrains repository.

  2. Make sure the FTP/SFTP/WebDAV Connectivity plugin is enabled on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, tab Installed. See Managing plugins for details.

  3. Configure access to an SSH server on the target remote host as described in Create SSH configurations and make sure this server is running.

Node.js interpreters via SSH are configured in the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog. You can open this dialog from the Node.js page of the Settings/Preferences dialog or later, when you create or edit a Node.js run/debug configuration for running or debugging your application.

The recommended way is to configure a remote Node.js interpreter in the Settings/Preferences dialog. In this case you can set the interpreter and the associated package manager as default for your project.

A remote Node.js interpreter that you configure right in the Node.js run/debug configuration can be used only with this run/debug configuration.

Configure a remote Node.js interpreter via SSH in the Settings/Preferences dialog

  1. Open the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S) and go to Languages & Frameworks | Node.js.

  2. Click the Browse button next to the Node interpreter field.

  3. In the Node.js Interpreters dialog with a list of all the currently configured interpreters, click the Add button on the toolbar and select Add Remote from the context menu .

    Configure Node.js interpreter via SSH: Add Remote
  4. In the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog that opens, select SSH.

  5. Select an SSH configuration to use.

    Configure remote Node.js interpreter via SSH: select SSH configuration

    Alternatively, click the Browse button and create a new SSH configuration as described in Create SSH configurations.

  6. Click OK to return to the Node.js Interpreters dialog where the new interpreter is added to the list.

    Remote Interpreters dialog: the new Node.js interpreter via SSH added to the list
  7. To set the newly configured interpreter as project default, select it in the list and click OK to return to the Node.js dialog.

    IntelliJ IDEA automatically uses this interpreter every time you select the Project alias from Node Interpreter lists, for example, when creating run/debug configurations.

    To use the package manager associated with the new interpreter for managing your project dependencies, set this package manager as default in your project. To do that, specify the location of the package manager in the Package manager field.

    The default location for npm executable is /usr/local/lib/node_modules/npm.

    Configure Node.js interpreter via SSH: set as default project interpreter

Configure a remote Node.js interpreter via SSH in a run/debug configuration

  1. From the main menu, select Run | Edit Configurations. In the Edit Configuration dialog that opens, click the Add New Configuration button on the toolbar and select Node.js from the context menu. The Run/Debug Configuration: Node.js dialog opens.

  2. Click the Browse button next to the Node interpreter field .

    Node.js run/debug configuration: JavaScript file specified

    The Node.js Interpreters dialog opens.

  3. Click the Add button on the toolbar and select Add Remote from the context menu.

    Node.js via SSH: run/debug configuration, configure interpreter, select Add Remote
  4. Configure a remote Node.js interpreter via SSH as described above.

Remote Node.js interpreter in a Docker container

Before you start

  1. Install and enable the Node.js Remote Interpreter plugin on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, tab Marketplace, as described in Installing plugins from JetBrains repository.

  2. Make sure the Node.js and Docker required plugins are enabled on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, tab Installed, see Managing plugins for details.

  3. Download, install, and configure Docker as described in Docker

Node.js interpreters in Docker are configured in the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog. You can open this dialog from the Node.js page of the Settings/Preferences dialog or later, when you create or edit a Node.js run/debug configuration for running or debugging your application in Docker.

The recommended way is to configure a remote Node.js interpreter in the Settings/Preferences dialog. In this case you can set the interpreter and the associated package manager as default for your project. As a result, you can not only run and debug your app with configured Node.js interpreter in Docker but also manage your project dependencies, run tests, and lint your code.

A remote Node.js interpreter that you configure right in the Node.js run/debug configuration can be used only with this run/debug configuration.

Configure a Node.js interpreter in the Settings/Preferences dialog

  1. From the main menu, select Run | Edit Configurations. In the Edit Configuration dialog that opens, click the Add New Configuration button on the toolbar and select Node.js from the context menu.

    In the Run/Debug Configuration: Node.js dialog that opens, click the Browse button next to the Node interpreter field.

  2. In the Node.js Interpreters dialog with a list of all the currently configured interpreters, click the Add button on the toolbar and select Add Remote from the context menu .

  3. In the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog that opens, select the Docker option.

    1. In the Server field, specify the Docker configuration to use, see Configure the Docker daemon connection settings for details. Select a configuration from the list or click the Browse button and create a new configuration on the Docker page that opens.

    2. In the Image name field, specify the base Docker image to use. Choose one of the previously downloaded or your custom images from the list or type the image name manually, for example, node:argon or mhart/alpine-node. When you later launch the run configuration, Docker will search for the specified image on your machine. If the search fails, the image will be downloaded from the Docker Official Images repository on the Docker Registry page.

    3. The Node.js interpreter path field shows the location of the default Node.js interpreter from the specified image.

    4. When you click OK, IntelliJ IDEA closes the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog and brings you to the Node.js Interpreters dialog where the new interpreter configuration is added to the list. Click OK to return to the run configuration.

Configure a Node.js interpreter in the Node.js run/debug configuration

  1. From the main menu, select Run | Edit Configurations. In the Edit Configuration dialog that opens, click the Add New Configuration button on the toolbar and select Node.js from the context menu. The Run/Debug Configuration: Node.js dialog opens.

  2. Click the Browse button next to the Node interpreter field . The Node.js Interpreters dialog opens.

  3. Click the Add button on the toolbar and select Add Remote from the context menu.

    Node.js with Docker: run/debug configuration, configure interpreter, select Add Remote
  4. Configure a remote Node.js interpreter as described above.

Using a remote Node.js interpreter in a Docker container with a Docker Compose definition

With Docker Compose, you can run a Node.js server and your application code as separate services. Each service can be scaled by adding more containers if necessary. This enables you to perform efficient development and testing in a dynamic environment that is similar to production one.

Node.js interpreter in a Vagrant instance

With Vagrant, you can quickly bootstrap your Node.js application to run, debug, and profile it from IntelliJ IDEA.

Before you start

  1. Install the Node.js, Node.js Remote Interpreter, and Vagrant plugins on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page, tab Marketplace, as described in Installing plugins from JetBrains repository.

  2. Make sure Vagrant and Oracle's VirtualBox are downloaded, installed, and configured on your computer, see Vagrant for details.

  3. Make sure that the parent folders of the following executable files are added to the system PATH variable:

    • vagrant.bat or vagrant from your Vagrant installation. This should be done automatically by the Vagrant installer.

    • VBoxManage.exe or VBoxManage from your Oracle's VirtualBox installation.

Node.js interpreters in Vagrant environments are configured in the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog. You can open this dialog from the Node.js page of the Settings/Preferences dialog or later, when you create or edit a Node.js run/debug configuration for running or debugging your application in a Vagrant environment.

The recommended way is to configure a remote Node.js interpreter in the Settings/Preferences dialog. In this case you can set the interpreter and the associated package manager as default for your project.

A remote Node.js interpreter that you configure right in the Node.js run/debug configuration can be used only with this run/debug configuration.

Configure a Node.js interpreter in the Settings/Preferences dialog

  1. Open the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S) and go to Languages & Frameworks | Node.js.

  2. Click the Browse button next to the Node interpreter field.

  3. In the Node.js Interpreters dialog with a list of all the currently configured interpreters, click the Add button on the toolbar and select Add Remote from the context menu .

    Configure Node.js remote interpreter: Add Remote
  4. In the Configure Node.js Remote Interpreter dialog that opens, select Vagrant.

  5. Specify the Vagrant instance folder that points at the environment you are going to use.

    Technically, it is the folder where the VagrantFile configuration file for the desired environment is located. Based on this setting, IntelliJ IDEA detects the Vagrant host and shows it as a link in the Vagrant Host URL read-only field.

    By default, the field shows the current project folder.

  6. In the Node.js interpreter path field, specify the location of the Node.js executable file.

    Configure remote Node.js interpreter in Vagrant environment: specify instance folder and location of Node executable

    To locate the Node.js executable, open the embedded Terminal (Alt+F12) and type:

    vagrant ssh whereis node exit
    Locate Node.js executable in a Vagrant environment
  7. Click OK to return to the Node.js Interpreters dialog where the new interpreter is added to the list.

  8. To set the newly configured interpreter as project default, select it in the list and click OK to return to the Node.js dialog.

    Remote Interpreters dialog: the new Node.js interpreter in a Vagrant environment added to the list

    IntelliJ IDEA automatically uses this interpreter every time you select the Project alias from Node Interpreter lists, for example, when creating run/debug configurations.

  9. Specify the path to the package manager to use.

    Configure remote Node.js interpreter: package manager specified

    To locate the package manager, open the embedded Terminal (Alt+F12) and type:

    vagrant ssh whereis <package manager> exit
    Locate a package manager in a Vagrant environment

Configure a Node.js interpreter in the Node.js run/debug configuration

  1. From the main menu, select Run | Edit Configurations. In the Edit Configuration dialog that opens, click the Add New Configuration button on the toolbar and select Node.js from the context menu. The Run/Debug Configuration: Node.js dialog opens.

  2. Click the Browse button next to the Node interpreter field . The Node.js Interpreters dialog opens.

  3. Click the Add button on the toolbar and select Add Remote from the context menu.

    Remote Interpreters dialog
  4. Configure a remote Node.js interpreter in a Vagrant environment as described above.

Last modified: 20 May 2022