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Spring Data

Spring Data JPA is part of the larger Spring Data family that makes it easy to implement JPA-based repositories quickly. JPA Buddy provides a clear UI for generating repositories, projections, queries, etc., for both Java and Kotlin entities. To enable those features, your project should contain dependencies mentioned in the Installation Guide.

Repository Creation

JPA Buddy provides various ways to create repositories to make working with JPA-related objects more convenient for most users. All possible ways to generate repositories in the project are shown in the following video:

In the New JPA Repository window, you can set:

  • The entity for which the repository will be created

  • The name of the repository class

  • The parent class for the repository. It can be:

  • Whether the repository will extend JpaSpecificationExecutor or not

  • The source root

  • The package where the repository will be created

new-jpa-repository

Creating Spring Data repositories one by one for each entity can become a tedious job. With JPA Buddy, you can speed up this process. To create repositories for multiple JPA entities at once, you need to take three steps. Select the entities in the project tree, invoke the JPA Buddy wizard, then adjust your selection. That's it! Look how this feature can accelerate the development process:

JPA Structure Repositories

JPA Buddy groups all repositories for each entity in one place to enable the most efficient navigation within the project. It doesn't matter if the repositories for the entity are located in different or in the same project package. All repositories related to the entity will be displayed in the Repositories section. From here, you can quickly move to the repository implementation or create a new one.

jpa-structure-repository

Query/Method Generation

Spring Data provides the ability to define a query with the @Query annotation. You can use JPA Palette (1) or Editor Toolbar (2) to write them quickly and avoid typos. Choose one of the following types of queries and configure them with the convenient UI.

jpa-palette-query

Example

Let's look at an example of creating a Find Collection Query.

create-query-find-collection

At the top of the window, you can define the wrap type for collections' and queries' return type. Moreover, JPA Buddy allows you to generate new Projection interfaces or DTO classes by clicking on the + button.

You can also specify the method name. Still, if you leave it empty, the name will be generated automatically following Naming Conventions for Query.

The middle of the window contains the table for the query conditions.

At the bottom of the window, you can specify:

  • whether the parameters will be named or not;

  • whether to use Pageable parameter or not;

  • and so on.

Finally, you can specify fields you want to order the query result by.

For the above configuration, the following query will be generated:

@Query(""" select distinct o from Owner o where upper(o.firstName) like upper(concat(:firstName, '%')) and upper(o.lastName) like upper(concat('%', :lastName, '%')) order by o.lastName """) @Async CompletableFuture<List<Owner>> findOwners(@Param("firstName") String firstName, @Param("lastName") @NonNull String lastName, Pageable pageable);

The same approach applies to derived query methods. Instead of using the Method name field, you can utilize the Method prefix drop-down menu to define the desired subject keyword and add an alias.

derived-query-method-prefix

This allows you to customize the naming convention for the generated query method, providing flexibility and consistency in your code.

Entity Intention

JPA Buddy also provides intention on the entity attributes leading directly to the query/method creation window. Place the cursor on the desired attribute, press Alt+Enter, and click on the Create Spring Data repository method. In the opened window, choose the required type of query/method.

Unresolved Reference

JPA Buddy can help those developers who prefer to call a method that doesn't exist yet first and only then implement it. Just write the desired signature and move to the query or method creation wizard via special actions:

unresolved-reference

Settings

Spring Data provides several keyword expressions for derived query method names. You can use NameContaining, NameIsContaining, or NameContains — the result is the same. On the one hand, it gives us some flexibility in method naming. On the other hand, in big teams, different naming for the same actions may be confusing for code reviewers and maintainers. If you have naming standards established for the development team, you can configure JPA Buddy to use only approved keywords for method names generation:

conditions-settings

Existing methods/queries modification

To configure the method or query, place a cursor on it and use JPA Inspector:

jpa-inspector

EntityGraph Support

The EntityGraph has been one of the most awaited features introduced in JPA 2.1. Entity graphs give us another layer of control over data that needs to be fetched. JPA Buddy supports them, so you can build graphs using a handy GUI wizard:

Query Refactoring

Async

Spring Data JPA provides the ability to run repository queries asynchronously. To make a query asynchronous, it's not enough to add the '@Async' annotation, it's also necessary to change the return type to one of the following:

  • Future<ClassName>

  • CompletableFuture<ClassName>

  • ListenableFuture<ClassName>

Learn more about asynchronous query results at the corresponding Spring Data JPA documentation page.

To make query async, place the cursor on the query you want to change and choose the result return type from the drop-down list:

async

Dynamic Projection

In Spring Data JPA, you can specify projections at runtime using generic repository methods. Add a type class parameter to your repository method to use the same query with different projections. This enables you to define the preferred return type in your business code.

To make a query generic, place the cursor on the query you want to change and check the “Dynamic projection” box.

dynamic-projection

Query Extracting

Derived query methods are a handy way to define queries. But over time, they may evolve into bulky and unreadable structures that you can transform into neat @Query-annotated methods instead. This can be easily achieved with JPA Buddy. Place the cursor on the query and click on the “Query extract...” in the JPA Inspector.

Query Autocompletion

For the IntelliJ IDEA Community edition, JPA Buddy provides query autocompletion (similar to what IntelliJ IDEA Ultimate Edition provides). Place the cursor on the query and click on the “Query edit...” in the JPA Inspector.

Projection

Sometimes you only need a subset of columns from a table. In such cases, Spring Data JPA projections come in handy, letting you return only required fields from queries.

In the New Spring Projection window, you can:

  • Define source root and package;

  • Choose entity class;

  • Set a name for a projection class;

  • Select the fields you want to include.

Also, JPA Buddy allows you to generate Projections for the referenced entities. Select the associated entity, choose the Projection type, and pick the required fields.

new-spring-projection

For the above configuration, the following projection will be generated:

/** * A Projection for the {@link Pet} entity */ public interface PetInfo { Integer getId(); String getName(); LocalDate getBirthDate(); PetTypeInfo getType(); OwnerInfo getOwner(); /** * A Projection for the {@link PetType} entity */ interface PetTypeInfo { Integer getId(); String getName(); } /** * A Projection for the {@link Owner} entity */ interface OwnerInfo { String getFirstName(); String getLastName(); } }

Keep Projections in sync with its JPA entity

As time passes, entities may change, and you need to change projections accordingly. JPA Buddy allows you to synchronize an entity with its projection and vice versa. Read more about this feature in the DTO Generator section.

Projection Declaration Settings

Each project may follow its own conventions for code writing. In the Tools -> JPA Buddy -> Projection Declaration you can configure:

  1. Class name postfix.

  2. Name pattern regexp (the feature is disabled when the field is empty). This option is useful if you use an obligatory naming convention for Projections. It allows JPA Buddy to associate a Projection with its JPA Entity using the Projection name only. To specify a placeholder for the simple class name of the target JPA entity, use the (?<entity>.) pattern. E.g., (?<entity>.*(?:Info|Prj|Projection|VO|Vo|View|Request|Browse) means that the MyEntityInfo, MyEntityPrj etc. classes will be considered as a Projections for MyEntity.

  3. Class comment. Defines the comment that will be generated over the Projection interface.

  4. Comment link regexp (the feature is disabled when the field is empty). This option allows JPA Buddy to associate Projection with its JPA Entity. To specify a placeholder for the target entity FQN (Fully Qualified Name) in a comment use the (?<entity>.*) pattern. So, if the regexp is defined as A Projection for the \{@link (?<entity>.*)\} entity it will be resolved in the following Javadoc comment:

/** * A Projection for the {@link Pet} entity */
projection-declaration

Convenient Navigation between Entity and its Projections

As soon as JPA Buddy is able to associate Projection interface with the entity:

  • The Projection interface will appear in the Dto & Projections section in the JPA Structure panel and in the Editor Toolbar (1)

  • The gutter icon will appear in the Projection to ease the navigation to its entity (2)

projection-navigation

Auditing Support

In a large application, having auditing is crucial. JPA Buddy makes it effortless by providing annotations such as @CreatedBy, @CreatedDate, @LastModifiedBy and @LastModifiedDatefor commonly used audit fields. What's more, JPA Buddy will notify you if you forget to add the @EnableJpaAuditing annotation to your configuration or if the AuditingEntityListener is not added to the current entity. This leaves even less room for mistakes!

Tags: Spring Data, JPA, Projections, Auditing, DTO, Query, Repository, Entity, JPQL, Native Query, Dynamic Projections

Blaze Persistence Support

Blaze-Persistence seamlessly integrates with Spring Data JPA, allowing you to leverage the advanced querying and optimization capabilities while benefiting from the convenience and productivity of Spring Data. JPA Buddy provides support for this framework to create Spring Data JPA repositories for Entity Views, but only when the relevant library is included in the project.

Creating Spring Data JPA repositories for Entity Views is available from the standard repository creation window. Once you select an Entity View, the only options for the parent interface are com.blazebit.persistence.spring.data.repository.EntityViewRepository or one of its successors.

blaze-persistence-spring-data-repository.png
import com.blazebit.persistence.spring.data.repository.EntityViewRepository; import com.example.blazepersistence.view.BaseView; public interface BaseViewRepository extends EntityViewRepository<BaseView, Long> { }

Hibernate Envers Support

JPA Buddy lets you decide if the repository should implement the RevisionRepository interface during JPA repository creation. It will automatically insert the entity type, entity ID type, and revision number type in the repository declaration. For example:

@Entity @Table(name = "book") public class Book { @Id @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY) @Column(name = "id", nullable = false) private Long id; }
revision-repository

The generated repository declaration:

public interface BookRepository extends JpaRepository<Book, Long>, RevisionRepository<Book, Long, Integer> { }
Last modified: 22 February 2024