IntelliJ IDEA 2018.3 Help

Run/Debug Configuration: Python Unit Test

Use this dialog box to create a run/debug configuration for Python unit tests.

Configuration tab

Item

Description

Unittests

Target: Module name/Script path/Custom

Click one of the radio-buttons to choose the possible target.:
  • Module name – by using a Python module name and a test class instance.

  • Script path – by using a path to a Python file.

  • Custom – by using an arbitrary combination of paths, modules, and test class instances.

Depending on the selected Target type, you can specify the following values:
  • Path to the test file, for example, /Users/jetbrains/Car/test_car.py. You can type in the path or click the icons actions menu open svg button to locate the file in the project structure.

  • Name of the module in your project, for example, my_tests. You can type in the module name, search the target module by its name, or locate it in the project structure.

  • Custom combination of modules, scripts, and Flask class instances, for example, my_tests.test_car.TestClass, where:
    • my_test – the module name

    • test_car – the target file in the module

    • TestClass – the Flask class instance in access.

Pattern

In this text field, specify the pattern that describes all the test in the required location.

Additional Arguments

In this text field, specify the additional framework-specific arguments to be passed to the test as-is, for example
--some-argument=some-value.

Environment variables

Click the browse button, or press Shift+Enter to specify the desired set of environment variables in the Environment Variables dialog box. To create a new variable, click icons general add svg, and type the desired name and value.

Python Interpreter

Interpreter options

In this field, specify the string to be passed to the interpreter. If necessary, click icons general expandComponent svg, and type the string in the editor.

Working directory

Specify a directory to be used by the running task.
  • When a default run/debug configuration is created by the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Shift+F10, or by choosing Run on the context menu of a script, the working directory is the one that contains the executable script. This directory may differ from the project directory.

  • When this field is left blank, the bin directory of the IntelliJ IDEA installation will be used.

Path mappings

This field appears, if a remote interpreter has been selected in the field Python interpreter.
Click the browse button browseButton to define the required mappings between the local and remote paths. In the Edit Path Mappings dialog box, use icons general add/icons general remove svg buttons to create new mappings, or delete the selected ones.

Add content roots to PYTHONPATH

Select this check box to add all content roots of your project to the environment variable PYTHONPATH;

Add source roots to PYTHONPATH

Select this check box to add all source roots of your project to the environment variable PYTHONPATH;

Docker container settings

Click browseButton to open the dialog and specify the following settings:

  • Disable networking: select this checkbox to have the networking disabled. This corresponds to --net="none", which means that inside a container the external network resources are not available.

  • Network mode: corresponds to the other values of the option --net.
    • bridge is the default value. An IP address will be allocated for container on the bridge’s network and traffic will be routed though this bridge to the container.
      Containers can communicate via their IP addresses by default. To communicate by name, they must be linked.

    • host: use the host's network stack inside the container.

    • container:<name|id>: use the network stack of another container, specified via its name or id.

    Refer to the Network settings documentation for details.

  • Links: Use this section to link the container to be created with the other containers. This is applicable to Network mode = bridge and corresponds to the --link option.

  • Publish all ports: Expose all container ports to the host. This corresponds to the option --publish-all.

  • Port bindings: Specify the list of port bindings. Similar to using the -p option with docker run.

  • Extra hosts: This corresponds to the --add-host option. Refer to the page Managing /etc/hosts for details.

  • Volume bindings: Use this field to specify the bindings between the special folders-volumes and the folders of the computer, where the Docker daemon runs. This corresponds to the -v option.
    See Managing data in containers for details.

  • Environment variables: Use this field to specify the list of environment variables and their values. This corresponds to the -e option. Refer to the page ENV (environment variables) for details.

Click icons actions down to expand the tables. Click icons general add svg, icons general remove svg, or icons actions edit svg to make up the lists.

Logs tab

Use this tab to specify which log files generated while running or debugging should be displayed in the console, that is, on the dedicated tabs of the Run or Debug tool window.

Item

Description

Is Active

Select check boxes in this column to have the log entries displayed in the corresponding tabs in the Run tool window or Debug tool window.

Log File Entry

The read-only fields in this column list the log files to show. The list can contain:

  • Full paths to specific files.

  • Ant patterns that define the range of files to be displayed.

  • Aliases to substitute for full paths or patterns. These aliases are also displayed in the headers of the tabs where the corresponding log files are shown.

    If a log entry pattern defines more than one file, the tab header shows the name of the file instead of the log entry alias.

Skip Content

Select this check box to have the previous content of the selected log skipped.

Save console output to file

Select this check box to save the console output to the specified location. Type the path manually, or click the browse button and point to the desired location in the dialog that opens.

Show console when a message is printed to standard output stream

Select this check box to activate the output console and bring it forward if an associated process writes to Standard.out.

Show console when a message is printed to standard error stream

Select this check box to activate the output console and bring it forward if an associated process writes to Standard.err.

icons general add svg

Click this button to open the Edit Log Files Aliases dialog where you can select a new log entry and specify an alias for it.

icons actions edit svg

Click this button to edit the properties of the selected log file entry in the Edit Log Files Aliases dialog.

icons general remove svg

Click this button to remove the selected log entry from the list.

Common options

When you edit a run configuration (but not a run configuration template), you can specify the following options for it:

Item

Description

Name

In this text box, specify the name for the run/debug configuration. The name will help you identify the created configuration when you choose to edit it later, or when you invoke it, for example, from the Run popup (Shift+Alt+F10).

Share

Select this checkbox to make the run/debug configuration available to other team members.

If the directory-based project format is used, the settings for a run/debug configuration are stored in a separate .xml file in the .idea\runConfigurations folder if the run/debug configuration is shared, or in the .idea\workspace.xml file otherwise.

If the file-based format is used, the settings are stored in the .ipr file for shared configurations, or in the .iws file otherwise.

Allow running in parallel

When disabled, every time a new run/debug configuration is launched, IntelliJ IDEA checks the presence of the other instances of the same run/debug configuration, and displays a confirmation dialog box. If you click OK in the confirmation dialog box, the first instance of the runner will be stopped, and the next one will take its place.

This makes sense when the usage of certain resources can cause conflicts, or when launching two run/debug configurations of the same type consumes too much of the CPU and memory resources.

If this checkbox is selected, it is possible to launch as many instances of the run/debug configuration as required. So doing, each runner will start in its own tab of the Run Tool Window or Debug Tool Window.

Toolbar

The tree view of run/debug configurations has a toolbar that helps you manage configurations available in your project as well as adjust default configurations templates.

Item

Shortcut

Description

icons general add svgAlt+Insert

Create a run/debug configuration.

icons general remove svgAlt+Delete

Delete the selected run/debug configuration. Note that you cannot delete default configurations.

Copy

Ctrl+D

Create a copy of the selected run/debug configuration. Note that you create copies of default configurations.

Edi Templates

Edit Templates

View and edit the default template for the selected run/debug configuration. The templates are used for newly created configurations.

icons actions moveUp svg/icons actions moveDown svg

Alt+Up/Alt+Down

Move the selected run/debug configuration up and down in the list.

The order of configurations in the list defines the order, in which the configurations appear when you choose a run/debug configuration.

Default templates of run/debug configurations are always sorted alphabetically.

Move into new folder / Create new folder

Move into new folder / Create new folder

You can group run/debug configurations by placing them into folders.

To create a folder, select the configurations within a category, click Folder, and specify the folder name. If only a category is in focus, an empty folder is created.

Then, to move a configuration into a folder, between the folders or out of a folder, use drag-and-drop or Move Up and Move Down buttons.

To remove grouping, select a folder and click Remove Configuration.

Sort configurations

Sort configurations

Click this button to sort configurations in the alphabetical order.

Templates

Under the Templates node in the tree view of run configurations, you can select a run configuration template and edit its default settings. This will not affect the configurations that are already created, but will be used as defaults when creating new configurations of the corresponding type.

When you select the Templates node itself, you will be able to adjust general settings that apply to all run/debug configurations:

Item

Description

Configurations available in Run Dashboard

In this section you can create a list of run configurations available in the Run Dashboard — a tool window that helps you execute and manage multiple run/debug configurations.

Note that the dashboard will only display the configuration types for which you have created one ore more configurations.
Thus, if you add a configuration type for which no configurations exist in the project, this type will not be displayed on the dashboard until you create a configuration of this type.

Confirm rerun with process termination

The behavior of this checkbox depends on whether the Single instance only option is selected for a particular run/debug configuration.
  • If this checkbox is selected, in case of a single instance, launching a new process (for example, by clicking Run on the main toolbar) while another process is still running, results in showing a dialog box prompting to terminate the current process before launching a new one.

  • If this checkbox is not selected (or in case of multiple instances), IntelliJ IDEA starts the new process silently.

Temporary configurations limit

Specify the maximum number of temporary configurations to be stored and shown in the Select Run/Debug Configuration drop-down list.

Before Launch options

In this area you can specify tasks that must be be performed before starting the selected run/debug configuration. The tasks are performed in the order they appear in the list.

Item

Shortcut

Description

icons general add svgAlt+Insert

Click this icon to add one of the following available tasks:

  • Run External tool: select to run an external application. In the dialog that opens, select one or multiple applications you want to run. If it is not defined in IntelliJ IDEA yet, add its definition. For more information, see Configuring Third-Party Tools and External Tools.

  • Run Another Configuration: select to execute another run/debug configuration. In the dialog that opens, select the configuration to be run.

  • Build: select to compile the specified module. The Build Module command will be executed.

    If an error occurs during compilation, IntelliJ IDEA won't attempt to start the run/debug configuration.

  • Build Project: select to compile the entire project. The Build Project command will be executed.

    If an error occurs during compilation, IntelliJ IDEA won't attempt to start the run/debug configuration.

  • Build, no error check: the same as the Build option, but IntelliJ IDEA will try to start the run/debug configuration irrespective of the compilation results.

  • Build Artifacts: select this option to build an artifact or artifacts. In the dialog that opens, select the artifact or artifacts that should be built.

  • Run Ant target: select this option to run an Ant target. In the dialog that opens, select the target to be run.

  • Run Grunt task: select this option to run a Grunt task. In the Grunt task dialog box that opens, specify the Gruntfile.js where the required task is defined, select the task to execute, and specify the arguments to pass to the Grunt tool.

    Specify the location of the Node.js interpreter, the parameters to pass to it, and the path to the grunt-cli package.

  • Run Gulp task: select this option to run a Gulp task. In the Gulp task dialog box that opens, specify the Gulpfile.js where the required task is defined, select the task to execute, and specify the arguments to pass to the Gulp tool.

    Specify the location of the Node.js interpreter, the parameters to pass to it, and the path to the gulp package.

  • Run Maven Goal: select this option to run a Maven goal. In the dialog that opens, select the goal to be run.

  • Run npm Script: select this option to execute an npm script. In the NPM Script dialog box that opens, specify the npm run/debug configuration settings.

  • Start React Native Bundler: select this option to run the bundler automatically, as part of a running or debugging session. by default, this is done through react-native start. If your application uses Expo, you need to run the development server via the start npm task. To do that, click Add, then in the Configure React Native dialog, choose npm script and select start from the list.

  • Compile TypeScript: select to run the built-in TypeScript compiler and thus make sure that all the changes you made to your TypeScript code are reflected in the generated JavaScript files. In the TypeScript Compile Settings dialog that opens, select or clear the Check errors checkbox to configure the behaviour of the compiler in case any errors are detected:
    • If the Check errors checkbox is selected, the compiler will show all the errors and the run configuration will not start.

    • If the Check errors checkbox is cleared, the compiler will show all the detected errors but the run configuration still will be launched.

  • Generate CoffeeScript Source Maps: select this option to generate the source maps for your CoffeeScript sources. In the dialog that opens, specify where your CoffeeScript source files are located.

  • Upload files to Remote Host: select this option to have the application files automatically uploaded to the server according to the default server access configuration.

  • Run Remote External tool: adds a remote SSH external tool.

  • Run Rake task: add a Rake task to be executed prior to running or debugging. To choose a Rake task, click the browse button Browse, and select the desired task from the list of available tasks.

    Note that code completion is available here.

    runConfigRakeTask
  • Run JRuby compiler: choose this option to execute JRuby compiler with the specified target path, compiler process heap size, and command line parameters (if any).

icons general remove svgAlt+Delete

Click this icon to remove the selected task from the list.

Edit

Enter

Click this icon to edit the selected task. Make the necessary changes in the dialog that opens.

icons actions moveUp svg/icons actions moveDown svg

Alt+Up/Alt+Down

Click these icons to move the selected task one line up or down in the list. (The tasks are performed in the order that they appear in the list.)

Show this page

Select this checkbox to show the run/debug configuration settings prior to actually starting the run/debug configuration.

Activate tool window

If this checkbox is selected, which it is by default, the Run or the Debug tool window opens when you start the run/debug configuration.

Otherwise, the tool window isn't shown. However, when the configuration is running, you can open the corresponding tool window for it yourself by pressing Alt+4 or Alt+5.

Last modified: 7 December 2018

See Also

Language and Framework-Specific Guidelines: