Pushing Changes to the Upstream (Git Push)
Git integration with MPS supports uploading changes from the current branch to its tracked branch or to any other remote branch. If push is rejected due to the lack of synchronization between your local repository and the remote storage, you can either interactively choose the strategy to update the local branch, or have MPS update it silently.
In this topic:
To push changes
Do the following:
- From the main menu, choose VCS | Git | Push. The Push Commits dialog opens showing all Git repositories (for multi-repository projects) and listing all commits made in the current branch in each repository since the last push.
If you have a project that uses multiple repositories that are not controlled synchronously, only the current repository is selected by default. For details on how to enable synchronous repositories control refer to Version Control Settings: Git .
- If necessary, you can modify the path to the remote repository by clicking it. The label turns into a text field where you can type the new path or invoke completion by pressing Ctrl+Space. If you add a new remote, it will be saved and you can edit it later via VCS | Git | Remotes (for details, see Managing Remotes).
- If you want to modify the target branch where you want to push, you can do this in the same way as for the remote repository. You can also click the Edit all targets link in the bottom right corner to edit all branch names simultaneously.
Note that you cannot change the local branch: the current branch for each selected repository will be pushed.
- If you want to preview changes before pushing them, select the required commit. The right-hand pane shows the changes included in the selected commit. You can use the toolbar buttons to examine the commit details.
- Click the Push button when ready and select which operation you want to perform from the drop-down menu:
Using force push
When you run
push, Git Mercurial will refuse to complete the operation if the remote repository has changes that you are missing and that you are going to overwrite with your local copy of the repository. Normally, you need to perform
pull to synchronize with the remote before you update it with your changes.
--force push command disables this check and lets you overwrite the remote repository, thus erasing its history and causing data loss.
A possible situation when you may still need to perform
--force push is when you rebase a pushed branch and then want to push it to the remote server. In this case, when you try to push, Git Mercurial will reject your changes because the remote ref is not an ancestor of the local ref. If you perform
pull in this situation, you will end up with two copies of the branch which you them need to merge.
If you decide to force push the rebased branch and you are working in a team, make sure that:
- Nobody has pulled your branch and done some local changes to it
- All pending changes have been committed and pushed
- You have the latest changes for that branch
To update a local branch if push is rejected
push is rejected due to the lack of synchronization between the current local branch and its tracked remote branch, MPS displays the Push Rejected dialog box, provided that the Auto-update if push of the current branch was rejected check box in the Git settings page of the Settings dialog box is cleared.
- If your project uses several Git repositories, specify which of them you want to update. If you want to update all repositories, no matter whether
pushwas rejected for them or not, select the Update not rejected repositories as well option. If this option is cleared, only the affected repositories will be updated.
- If you want MPS to apply the update procedure silently the next time push is rejected using the update method you choose in this dialog, select the Remember the update method choice and silently update in the future option.
After you leave this dialog, the Auto-update if push of the current branch was rejected check box in the Git settings page of the Settings dialog box will be selected, and the applied update method will become the default one.
To change the update strategy, disselect this option to invoke the Push Rejected dialog next time push of the current branch is rejected, apply a different update procedure, and select the Remember the update method choice ... option once again.
- Select the update method (rebase or merge) by clicking the Rebase or Merge button respectively.