PhpStorm 2021.1 Help

Live templates

Use live templates to insert common constructs into your code, such as loops, conditions, various declarations, or print statements.

To expand a code snippet, type the corresponding template abbreviation and press Tab. Keep pressing Tab to jump from one variable in the template to the next one. Press Shift+Tab to move to the previous variable.

Example of using Live Templates

Types of live templates

The following types of live templates are distinguished:

  • Simple templates contain only fixed plain text. When you expand a simple template, the text is automatically inserted into your source code, replacing the abbreviation.

  • Parameterized templates contain variables that enable user input. When you expand a parameterized template, variables are either replaced by input fields for the user to specify manually, or calculated by PhpStorm automatically.

    AbbreviationExpands to ...
    require "";
    public static function () { }
    foreach ( as $item) { }
    echo "";
  • Surround templates wrap a block of the selected code with the text specified by the user. The $SELECTION$ predefined variable is used to denote the code fragment to be wrapped. For example, T expands into a pair of tags, for which you can specify a name. You can also select a block of code, then press Ctrl+Alt+J to open the Select Template popup and select the T template to wrap the selection with a pair of tags.

Postfix code completion is similar to live templates. It transforms the current expression without selecting it. For example, you can type .if after an expression to invoke the corresponding postfix completion and wrap the expression with an if statement.

Configure live templates

To configure live templates, open the Editor | Live Templates page of the IDE settings Ctrl+Alt+S. On the Live Templates page, you can see all the available live templates, edit them and create new templates.

Templates are grouped according to the context where they can be used (usually, by the corresponding language). To move a template to another group, right-click the template, select Move, and then select the necessary group name.

Each live template is defined by an abbreviation containing alphanumeric characters, dots, and hyphens. The abbreviation must be unique within a group, but the same abbreviation may be used in different groups and expand to different constructs according to the context of the corresponding group. Abbreviations of modified default templates are shown in the list with blue font.

Restore a modified template to the default settings

  • On the Live Templates page of the Settings/Preferences dialog, right-click the template which you want to restore and click Restore defaults.

Last modified: 01 August 2021