PhpStorm 2024.1 Help

Compare file and folder versions using Diff viewer

PhpStorm allows you to examine the differences between two revisions of a file/folder or between their current local copy and the repository version. The differences are displayed in the Diff Viewer.

Compare a modified file with its Git repository version

  1. Open the Commit tool window Alt+0.

  2. Locate the required file in a changelist and do one of the following:

    • Right-click the file and select Git | Show Diff.

    • Select the file and press Ctrl+D.

    • Double-click the file.

  3. The diff view opens where changes to the file are highlighted.

    The right pane contains the modified version of the file. You can edit it in the diff view.

    The left pane contains the initial version of the file. It is read-only. You can click Revert (Revert) to undo a change.

Compare the current revision of a file or folder with a revision in the same Git branch

  1. Select a file or a folder in the Project tool window, and choose Git | Compare With Revision from the context menu.

  2. Choose a revision you want to compare the current file or folder version with from the dialog that opens.

Compare the current revision of a file or folder with another Git branch

  1. Select a file or a folder in the Project tool window, and choose Git | Compare With Branch from the context menu.

  2. Choose the branch you want to compare the current file or folder version with from the dialog that opens.

Compare local changes with the base revision

Apart from navigating through your local changes within a file in the editor, you can review these changes compared to the base revision of the file.

To preview the diff, select a modified file in the Commit tool window and click on the toolbar.

The left pane shows the affected code as it was in the base revision, and the right page shows the affected code after you've made changes locally.

Diff preview in the editor

Use the toolbar buttons and controls to navigate between changes and configure the appearance of the Change Details pane or the Diff Viewer:


Tooltip and Shortcut


the Previous Difference button/the Next Difference button

Previous Difference / Next Difference Shift+F7 F7

Jump to the next or previous difference.

When the last or the first difference is reached, PhpStorm suggests clicking the arrow buttons or pressing F7/Shift+F7 once more and comparing other files modified locally. This behavior depends on the Go to the next file after reaching last change option in the Diff Viewer settings.

the Jump to Source button

Jump to Source


Open the selected file in the editor. The caret is placed in the same position as in the Diff Viewer.

the Compare Previous File icon

the Compare Next File icon

Compare Previous/Next File


Compare the local copy of the previous or next file with its update from the server.

the Go To Changed File icon

Go To Changed File Ctrl+N

Display all changed files in the current change set and navigate to them. This action is only available when you review changes to multiple files.


Select a viewer mode: side-by-side or unified. The side-by-side mode has two panels, and the unified mode has one panel.

You can edit code and perform the Accept, Append, Revert actions in both viewers.

You can change text only in the right-hand part of the side-by-side viewer or in the lower line in the unified viewer.

You can edit only local versions of your files. You cannot edit files that have read-only status.


Define how the Diff Viewer should treat whitespaces.

  • Do not ignore: white spaces are important, and all the differences are highlighted. This option is selected by default.

  • Trim whitespaces: trim whitespaces if they appear in the end and at the beginning of a line (("\t", " ")).

    • If two lines differ in trailing whitespaces only, these lines are considered equal.

    • If two lines are different, trailing whitespaces are not highlighted in the By word mode.

  • Ignore whitespaces: white spaces are not important, regardless of their location in the source code.

  • Ignore whitespaces and empty lines: ignores whitespaces and empty lines. The following entities are ignored:

    • all whitespaces (as in the 'Ignore whitespaces' option)

    • all added or removed lines consisting of whitespaces only

    • all changes consisting of splitting or joining lines without changes to non-whitespace parts.

      For example, differences between a b c and a \n b c are not highlighted in this mode.

  • Ignore imports and formatting: changes within import statements and whitespaces are ignored (whitespaces within String literals are respected though).

Highlighting mode

Select the way differences granularity is highlighted.

The available options are:

  • Highlight words: modified words are highlighted

  • Highlight lines: modified lines are highlighted

  • Highlight split changes: if this option is selected, big changes are split into smaller changes.

    For example, A \n B and A X \n B X are treated as two changes instead of one.

  • Highlight characters: modified symbols are highlighted

  • Do not highlight: if this option is selected, the differences are not highlighted at all.

    Use the Do not highlight option when you work with the files that were significantly modified. In such cases, highlighting might introduce additional difficulties during a review.

the Collapse Unchanged Fragments icon

Collapse Unchanged Fragments

Collapse all the unchanged fragments in both files. The amount of non-collapsible unchanged lines is configurable on the Diff & Merge settings page. To open the Diff & Merge page, open settings by pressing Ctrl+Alt+S and navigate to Tools | Diff & Merge. .

the Synchronize button

Synchronize Scrolling

Click this button to scroll both differences panes simultaneously. If this button is released, each of the panes can be scrolled independently.

the Settings button


Open a list of available settings.

These commands are also available from the context menu of the Diff Viewer gutter.

the External Tools icon

Show diff in external tool

Invoke an external diff viewer specified on the External Diff Tools settings page.

This button is available only on the toolbar when the Use external diff tool option is enabled on the External Diff Tools settings page.

the Help icon



Open a browser and show the corresponding help page.

Annotate with GitBlame

This option is only available from the context menu of the gutter.

Use this option to explore who introduced which changes to the repository version of the file and when. The annotations view lets you see detailed information for each line of code, such as the version from which this line originated, the ID of the user who committed this line, and the commit date.

For more information about annotations, refer to Locate code author (Annotate with Git Blame).

The most useful shortcuts are the following:



Use this keyboard shortcut to show the popup menu of the most commonly used diff commands.


Use this keyboard shortcut to switch between the left and the right panes.


Use this keyboard shortcut to undo/redo a merge operation. Conflicts will be kept in sync with the text.

Last modified: 14 May 2024