PhpStorm 2020.1 Help

JavaScript

With PhpStorm, you can develop modern web, mobile, and desktop applications with JavaScript and Node.js.

PhpStorm also supports React, Angular, Vue.js, and other frameworks and provides tight integration with various tools for web development.

JavaScript-aware coding assistance includes completion for keywords, labels, variables, parameters, and functions, error and syntax highlighting, formatting, numerous code inspections and quick-fixes, as well as common and JavaScript-specific refactoring. PhpStorm also integrates with JavaScript linters and the Flow type checker.

With PhpStorm built-in debugger, you can debug both your client-side and server-side code and even run JavaScript code snippets in the interactive debugger console. Learn more from Debug JavaScript in Chrome.

PhpStorm integrates with Jest , Karma, Protractor , Cucumber , and Mocha testing frameworks. PhpStorm supports running and debugging tests as well as navigation between tests and subjects or between a failed test and the fragment of code that caused the problem.

On this page you will find a short Getting Started Guide that will walk you step by step from creating a web application to debugging and testing it.

Before you start

Make sure the JavaScript and TypeScript bundled plugin is enabled on the Plugins page, see Managing plugins for details.

Creating a new application

  1. Click Create New Project on the Welcome screen or select File | New | Project from the main menu. The Create New Project Dialog opens.

  2. In the left-hand pane, choose Empty Project.

  3. In the right-hand pane, specify the path to the folder where the project-related files will be stored. Click Create.

Starting with an existing JavaScript application

If you are going to continue developing an existing JavaScript application, open it in PhpStorm, choose the JavaScript version to use, and configure the libraries in it. Optionally download the required npm dependencies.

Open the application sources that are already on your machine

  • Click Open on the Welcome screen or select File | Open Directory from the main menu. In the dialog that opens, select the folder where your sources are stored.

Check out the application sources from your version control

  1. Click Get from Version Control on the Welcome screen or select VCS | Get from Version Control from the main menu.

  2. In the invoked dialog, select your version control system from the list and specify the repository to check out the application sources from.

Choosing the JavaScript language version

To get reliable and efficient coding assistance, you need to specify the language version that will be used in all JavaScript files of your project by default.

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Languages and Frameworks | JavaScript. The JavaScript page opens.

  2. From the list, choose one of the supported JavaScript language versions:

    • ECMAScript 5.1
    • ECMAScript 6+: This version adds support for the features introduced in ECMAScript 2015-2017 as well as some current proposals to the standard.

    • React JSX: This version adds support for the JSX syntax on top of ECMAScript 6

    • Flow: This version adds support for the Flow syntax.

Using multiple JavaScript versions

If you are working on an application that uses both ECMAScript 5.1 and a newer version of ECMAScript, or JSX, or Flow, the easiest way is to choose the highest language version for the whole project from the list on the JavaScript page. For example, if you use ES5.1 and JSX, enable JSX (since it is a superset of ES5.1 and ES6).

Configure different JavaScript language versions for different folders

  1. On the JavaScript page, click the Browse button next to the JavaScript language version list. The JavaScript Language Versions dialog opens.

  2. Click Add and in the dialog that opens select the folder where you need a custom language version. PhpStorm brings you back to the JavaScript Language Versions dialog where the selected folder is shown in the Path field.

  3. From the Language list, choose the language version for the files in the selected folder. In all the other JavaScript files in the project PhpStorm will use the version chosen on the JavaScript page.

    ws_js_choose_language_version.png

Downloading project dependencies

If your application uses some tools, libraries, or frameworks, download the required packages. To manage your project dependencies, you can use npm, Yarn 1, or Yarn 2, see npm and Yarn for details.

Install a package in an empty project

  • In the embedded Terminal (Alt+F12), type:

    npm install <package name>.

If you already have a package.json file in your project

  • Right-click the package.json file in the editor or in the Project tool window and choose Run 'npm install' from the context menu.

  • Alternatively, run npm install in the Terminal Alt+F12.

Configuring code completion for project dependencies

To provide code completion for project dependencies, PhpStorm automatically creates a node_modules library. In PhpStorm, a library is a file or a set of files whose functions and methods are added to PhpStorm's internal knowledge in addition to the functions and methods that PhpStorm retrieves from the project code that you edit. See Configure JavaScript libraries and Code completion for details and examples.

Viewing parameter hints

Parameter hints show the names of parameters in methods and functions to make your code easier to read. By default, parameter hints are shown only for values that are literals or function expressions but not for named objects.

Parameter hints in JavaScript

Configure parameter hints

  1. Open the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S and go to Editor | Inlay Hints | JavaScript.

  2. Select Parameter hints from the list, make sure the Show parameter hints checkbox is selected, and then specify the context where you want parameter hints shown.

  3. For some methods and functions, PhpStorm does not show parameter hints in any context. Click Black list... to view these methods and functions, possibly enable parameter hints for them, or add new items to the list.

Auto-import in JavaScript

PhpStorm can generate import statements for modules, classes, components, and any other symbols that are exported. If you are using ES6 in your project, PhpStorm can add missing import statements on the fly, when you complete ES6 symbols.

For earlier JavaScript versions or when auto-import on completion is disabled, PhpStorm marks the symbol as unresolved and shows a tooltip with the suggested quick-fix:

Autoimport with quick-fix: information tooltip

Alternatively, press Alt+Enter:

Autoimport with quick-fix: suggestion list

If there's more than one possible source of import, PhpStorm shows a list of suggestions:

Autoimport with quick-fix: multiple choices

Learn more from Choosing the JavaScript language version.

Add ES6 import statements on code completion

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Editor | General | Auto Import. The Auto Import page opens.

  2. In the TypeScript/JavaScript area, select the Add ES6 imports on code completion checkbox.

PhpStorm can also generate import statements for symbols defined in the project’s dependencies. Auto-import works for symbols from packages that contain TypeScript definition files (like in moment or redux) or sources written as ES modules.

Configuring syntax highlighting

You can configure JavaScript-aware syntax highlighting according to your preferences and habits.

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Editor | Color Scheme | JavaScript.

  2. Select the color scheme, accept the highlighting settings inherited from defaults or customize them as described in Configuring Colors and Fonts.

Running JavaScript in browser

  1. In the editor, open the HTML file with the JavaScript reference. This HTML file does not necessarily have to be the one that implements the starting page of the application.

  2. Do one of the following:
    • Choose View | Open in Browser from the main menu or press Alt+F2. Then select the desired browser from the list.

    • Hover your mouse pointer over the code to show the browser icons bar: Firefox Chrome Safari Internet Explorer Opera Click the icon that indicates the desired browser.

Debugging JavaScript

PhpStorm provides a built-in debugger for your client-side JavaScript code that works with Chrome.

You can also debug your client-side JavaScript in Firefox, version 36 and later. However it is strongly recommended that you use Chrome or any other browser of the Chrome family. With PhpStorm, you can debug JavaScript applications running on the built-in server, on an external server, or on a remote server. For details, see Debug JavaScript in Chrome and Debug JavaScript in Firefox.

Last modified: 26 May 2020