PhpStorm 2020.2 Help

Laravel

Laravel is a free, open source PHP web application framework. It is built on top of several Symfony components, and makes common tasks such as authentication, routing, sessions and caching much easier to implement.

Before you start working with Laravel, make sure that either the Laravel (free) or Laravel Idea (paid) plugins are installed and enabled. Both plugins additionally require installing the Laravel IDE helper tool.

Additionally, make sure Composer is installed on your machine and initialized in the current project as described in Composer dependency manager.

Watch this video to get a quick overview on Laravel support in PhpStorm:

Install Laravel IDE helper generator

  1. Install Laravel IDE helper generator with Composer. To do this, add a dependency for the barryvdh/laravel-ide-helper package to composer.json. Refer to Install dependencies for details.

  2. Add Laravel IDE helper as a ServiceProvider into the application. In the config/app.php file, add Barryvdh\LaravelIdeHelper\IdeHelperServiceProvider::class under the providers element:

    return array( // ... 'providers' => array( // ... // Laravel IDE helper 'Barryvdh\LaravelIdeHelper\IdeHelperServiceProvider', ), // ... );

The Laravel IDE Helper may have to be run after changing or adding services, controllers, models and views. Alternatively, set up File Watchers in PhpStorm to automatically regenerate this file when, for example, composer.json is updated.

You can also install the Laravel generators Composer package to add various Laravel generators for models, views, controllers, and much more.

Coding assistance

The Laravel plugin provides code completion and navigation for various Laravel components: controllers, routes, views, configuration, services, and translations. You can also use Laravel-specific live templates for generating various Laravel entities.

Code completion

In the editor, press Ctrl+Space to invoke code completion and do any of the following:

  • Reference a controller when using the Redirect and Route facade's various functions:

    Laravel controller completion
  • Reference a Blade template (or view) when using the View facade:

    Laravel view completion
  • Reference various keys that are defined in our application's settings when using the Configuration facade:

    Laravel configuration key completion
  • Complete various translation keys when using the Lang and calling Lang::get():

    Laravel translation key completion

Code navigation

To navigate to the declaration of an item, position the caret at its usage and press Ctrl+B. Alternatively, Ctrl+Click the usage.

  • Navigate to the controller's declaration:

    Navigate to Laravel controller declaration
  • Navigate to a Blade template (or view) declaration:

    Navigate to Blade template declaration
  • Navigate to the declaration of a configuration entry or a service:

    Navigate to configuration entry or service declaration
  • Navigate to the declaration of a translation key:

    Navigate to translation key declaration

Generate code with Live Templates

PhpStorm provides numerous code generation facilities. After downloading and installing the PhpStorm Laravel Live Templates, you can extend the standard live templates set with Laravel-specific live templates, such as:

  • Blade directives

  • Input and Request snippets

  • Cookie snippets

  • Route snippets and generation

  • View, Response and Redirect templates

  • Building schema (includes column types)

  • Cache

  • Form and session snippets

  • Snippets calling various helpers

Blade templates support

Before you start, make sure the Blade plugin is installed and enabled. The plugin is activated by default. If the plugin is disabled, enable it on the Settings/Preferences | Plugins page as described in Managing plugins.

PhpStorm provides full support of the Laravel Blade template engine. It highlights various Blade syntax constructs, as well as any HTML, JavaScript and CSS code inside the templates.

Besides syntax highlighting, PhpStorm provides several other Blade-specific features.

Code completion for braces and directives

PhpStorm's editor provides code completion both for standard and custom Blade directives, which can be defined In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S under Languages & Frameworks | PHP | Blade.

Laravel Blade directive completion

When @for or @foreach directives are used, variable introduction with code completion is available inside the construct's body.

Laravel Blade variable introduction completion

Sections support

While working on a Blade template, you can open a section using the @section directive. PhpStorm provides code completion Ctrl+Space for all known sections' names in the project.

Laravel Blade section completion

PhpStorm provides the code inspection that detects the sections that are not closed using the @stop directive.

Laravel Blade closed section inspection

To navigate to the declaration of a section, position the caret at its usage and press Ctrl+B. Alternatively, Ctrl+Click the usage.

The Laravel plugin also adds a marker to the editor gutter, which lets you navigate to the parent section.

Navigate to the parent section via the gutter icon

Code completion and navigation for extends and includes

Blade templates are often composed of various includes of small reusable blocks, which are in turn other templates. You can also extend templates and provide content for additional sections. PhpStorm and the Laravel plugin provide completion for template names in both the @extends and the @include directives. Completion suggestions include template directory names as well as full template names.

Laravel Blade @extends directive completion

To navigate to the declaration of a template, position the caret at its usage and press Ctrl+B. Alternatively, Ctrl+Click the usage.

Debug Blade templates

You can debug Blade templates using the same techniques as for regular PHP files.

Enable Blade debugging

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Languages & Frameworks | PHP | Debug | Templates and expand the Blade Debug area.

  2. In the Cache path field, provide the path to the Blade compiled templates cache folder. Type the path manually or click the Browse button and select the relevant folder in the dialog that opens.

Start a debugging session

  • Start a debugging session as described in the Ultimate debugging guide. The easiest and recommended approach is to use Zero-configuration debugging:

    With the debugging engine installed, you can start debugging your application by following the zero-configuration debugging approach:

    1. Choose and install the browser extension suitable for your browser.

    2. On the PhpStorm toolbar, toggle the Start Listening for PHP Debug Connections button to start listening for incoming PHP debug connections, or choose Run | Start Listening for PHP Debug Connections from the main menu.

    3. Set a breakpoint in your code.

    4. Start the debugging session in the browser using the installed browser extension.

    5. During a debugging session, examine the program state: see variable values, evaluate expressions, step through the program, and so on.

Configure Blade templates

Add, modify, or remove Blade directives

Blade directives are managed on the Directives tab of the Blade Page. The tab lists all the currently available Blade directives, for those that have parameters, the prefixes and suffixes are also shown. When you start, the list contains only predefined directives. You can edit these directives as well as create custom ones.

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Languages & Frameworks | PHP | Blade.

  2. On the Blade page that opens, switch to the Directives tab, which shows a list of all currently available directives.

    • To define a new directive, click the Add button and specify the directive's name in the Name field.

      If the new directives requires a prefix and a suffix, select the Has parameter checkbox and type the prefix and suffix to use in the Prefix and Suffix fields respectively. PhpStorm will automatically enclose the prefix and suffix in opening and closing brackets and quotes and add a colon separator : so the parameters will look as follows: ("<prefix>:<suffix>").

    • To edit an existing directive, select it in the list and change the values in the fields below.

      To restore the original definition, click the Reset to defaults button.

    • To remove a directive from the list, select it and click the Remove button.

Configure Blade delimiters

PhpStorm recognizes Blade templates and provides error highlighting and code completion for them based on the delimiters you specify.

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Languages & Frameworks | PHP | Blade.

  2. On the Blade page that opens, switch to the Text Tags. The fields in the tab show the opening and closing characters for raw tags, content tags, and escaped tags.

  3. The fields are filled in with the default values in compliance with Blade Templates 5.8. If you are using an earlier version, you can specify the relevant custom delimiters and PhpStorm will provide coding assistance according to the new rules.

Use the Artisan command line tool from PhpStorm

PhpStorm integrates with the Artisan command-line interface, which is included with Laravel and provides several handy commands.

Configure Artisan automatically

If you are working with a Composer-based Laravel project, Artisan will be detected and configured automatically when you install or update project dependencies. For automatic Artisan detection to work properly, you have to configure a local PHP interpreter.

  • Inside composer.json, click the Install or Update shortcut link on top of the editor panel. PhpStorm will configure Artisan and display the notification in the Composer Log.

    Artisan auto-configuration message in Composer Log

    If you want to customize the tool, click the Settings button to quickly jump to the Command Line Tool Support settings page.

Configure Artisan manually

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Tools | Command Line Tool Support.

  2. Click the Add button on the toolbar.

  3. In the Command Line Tools dialog, choose Laravel from the list, and specify its visibility level (Project or Global).

    the Command Line Tools dialog
  4. When you click OK, the tool settings dialog opens.

    Specify the tool alias, provide the path to artisan, and choose one of the configured PHP interpreters from the PHP Interpreter list. See Configure local PHP interpreters and Configure remote PHP interpreters for details.

    the artisan command-line tool settings
  5. Click OK to apply changes and return to the Command Line Tool Support page. Optionally, click the Edit button to edit the tool properties, or the Edit Source button to customize the commands set. See Customize a tool for details.

Run Artisan commands

  • From the main menu, choose Tools | Run Command or press Ctrl twice.

    In the Run Anything window that opens, type the call of the command in the <artisan> <command> format.

    The command execution result is displayed in the Run tool window.

    Running a artisan command

Terminate a command

Debug Artisan commands

Laravel commands are defined in controller classes that extend Command. To debug a command, it is crucial that you initiate a debugging session for the command itself, and not the controller class file it is defined in. Otherwise, the Laravel bootstrapping process will be skipped, and the execution will fail.

  1. In the controller class corresponding to the selected command, click the editor gutter at a code line where you want to set a breakpoint.

    Set a breakpoint in a Laravel command
  2. Create a run/debug configuration that will run the artisan tool with the selected command. In the main menu, select Run | Edit Configurations, then click the Add button and choose PHP Script from the list.

    Run/Debug configuration: PHP script
  3. In the Run/Debug Configuration: PHP Script dialog, provide the run/debug configuration parameters.

    • In the File field, provide the path to the artisan executable file.

    • In the Arguments field, type the actual command and its arguments, such as view:cache.

    Run/Debug Configurations dialog for Laravel CLI command
  4. On the PhpStorm toolbar, select the created run/debug configuration and click the Debug button. The command execution will stop at the specified breakpoint.

    Debug a Laravel command
Last modified: 29 July 2020