Emmet and Emmet version 1.1 are toolkits that let develop HTML, CSS, or JSX code faster. You can use Emmet code templates without leaving PhpStorm. To expand a template into a markup, just type its abbreviation and press the expansion key or shortcut. For example, in an HTML file, type
table>tr*3>td*2 and then press Tab to get a stub of a 3x2 table:
PhpStorm supports such features as new syntax for writing RGBA colors, implied, default, and boolean attributes, the Update Tag action and more.
Enabling and configuring Emmet
With PhpStorm, you can use native Emmet templates plus more than 200 additional HTML, CSS, and XSL live templates that are listed under the Zen CSS, Zen HTML, and Zen XSL nodes on the page of PhpStorm settings (Ctrl+Alt+S).
To enable and configure native Emmet in PhpStorm
In the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), click Emmet under Editor. The Emmet page opens.
Choose the key to expand Emmet abbreviations with, by default Tab is selected.
PhpStorm lets you use and customize Emmet live templates, or you can add your custom templates. Suppose you have a template entry with the following template text:
“entry-list<entry[number=$]*5″and press Tab. By default, the
numberattribute will be generated before
type. To customize the position where it is generated, you need to add the
ATTRSvariable to your template, for example:
ATTRSvariable must have an empty string as the default value and should be skipped.
To use live templates with Emmet
In the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), click Live Templates under Editor.
When you select a template in the list, the focus moves to the Template Text area where the fields show the settings of the selected template.
In the Template Text field, add the required text and variables to the template body.
Click the Edit Variables button. In the Edit Template Variables dialog that opens, specify the default variable values in the Default value field and select the Skip if defined checkbox where necessary.
Configuring the abbreviation expansion key
By default, Emmet native abbreviations and additional live templates are expanded by pressing Tab. For additional live templates, PhpStorm lets you re-define the default expansion key. Note, that this custom setting does not override the default setting for native Emmet support; you will just get the ability to expand the template using either of these keys.
To configure the expansion key for native Emmet abbreviations
In the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), click Emmet under Editor. The Emment page opens.
From the Expand abbreviation with list, choose the new expansion key instead of the default Tab.
To configure expansion keys for Emmet live templates
In the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), click Live Templates under Editor. The Live Templates page opens.
Expand the Zen HTML, Zen CSS, or Zen XSL template group and select the desired template. The focus moves to the Template Text area.
From the Expand with list, choose the key to expand the template with.
Surrounding a block of code with an Emmet template
In the editor, select a block of code to surround and press Ctrl+Alt+J, or chooseon the main menu.
From the Emmet:list, select
- Type the Emmet abbreviation to use and press Enter.
Note the drop-down list to the right. Click the down arrow to view the history of recently applied Emmet live templates: Also mind the color indication. If you type a valid Emmet abbreviation, the background is green. However, when a non-existent abbreviation is entered, the background turns red:
Navigating between edit points
In HTML and XML, you can navigate between edit points, that is, between those points of code where Emmet templates are applicable.
To move the cursor to the previous edit point, choose, or press Shift+Alt+[.
To move the cursor to the next edit point, choose, or press Shift+Alt+].