PyCharm Edu provides a temporary editor. You can create a text or a piece of code for search or exploration purposes. PyCharm Edu suggests two types of temporary files:
- Scratch files
- The scratch files are fully functional, runnable, debuggable, etc. They require a language to be specified and have an extension. The scratch files are created via Ctrl+Shift+Alt+Insert.
- Scratch buffers
- The scratch buffers are only intended for pure editing, and as such they do not require specifying a language and do not have an extension. The scratch buffers belong to
.txttype by default.
This action has no dedicated shortcut, but you can configure one as described in the section Configuring Keyboard Shortcuts.
Buffer files are reused after creating 5 files. After reuse, the content and language are reset.
Create scratch files
- Do one of the following:
- On the main menu, choose .
- Press Ctrl+Shift+Alt+Insert.
- Right-click anywhere in the Project Tool Window and choose New | New Scratch File from the context menu.
- Press Ctrl+Shift+A, start typing
scratch file.., and choose the corresponding action.
- Select the language of the future scratch from the list that PyCharm Edu suggests. PyCharm Edu creates a temporary editor tab with the name
scratch.<extension>. In the future, the default names will be
scratch_<number>.<extension>. The scratch file is added to the Scratches and Consoles directory located in the Project tool window.
- Type the desired code.
Create scratch buffers
- Press Ctrl+Shift+A or search everywhere.
- Start typing
New Scratch Buffer:
PyCharm Edu creates a temporary editor tab with the name
buffer1. In the future, the default names will be
- Type the desired code.
Note that though this action has no keyboard shortcut, you can still configure one as described in Configuring Keyboard Shortcuts. You can also switch from scratch files to scratch buffers by reassigning the shortcut to avoid garbage buildup.
Observe the available scratches
To see the list of created scratch files and buffers, open the Project tool window and select :
To sort scratch files by types, right-click the Project tab and select Sort by Type: PyCharm Edu sorts scratch files alphabetically based on their extensions.
Click on the editor tab. Refer to the section Closing Files in the Editor for details.
In the Project tool window, in the directory, right-click the scratch file or a buffer you want to delete and from the context menu choose Delete.
Change the language of a scratch
If you want to change the scratch's language when a scratch is already created, you can do so with the aid of the editor's context menu.
- In the Project Tool Window, in the , right-click the scratch file for which you want to change the language.
- From the context menu, select .
- Select the desired language.
Note the following:
- Four latest items appear on top of the list before a separator.
- You can narrow down the list by typing the language name.
- You can assign a shortcut to this action as described in Configuring keyboard shortcuts.
- action keeps extension in sync, if it exists.
Rename, copy and move scratches
PyCharm Edu makes it possible to perform rename refactoring of the scratches.
- In the Project Tool Window, in the directory, select the scratch file to be renamed.
- Press Shift+F6.
Copy and Move file actions are available the same way.
Note that when you copy a scratch, PyCharm Edu includes the respective extension that corresponds to the file type: