Database Tool Window
On this page:
- Overview of the tool window
- Toolbar icons, context menu commands and shortcuts
- View options
- Icons for data sources and their elements
See also, Working with the Database Tool Window.
Overview of the tool window
The Database tool window provides access to functions for working with databases and DDL data sources. It lets you view and modify data structures in your databases, and perform other associated tasks.
The available data sources are shown as a tree of data sources, schemas, tables and columns. If no data sources are currently defined, use the New command (Alt+Insert) to create a data source.
Most of the functions in this window are accessed by means of the toolbar icons or context menu commands. (If the toolbar is not currently shown, click on the title bar and select Show Toolbar.) Many of the commands have keyboard shortcuts. If the toolbar is hidden, the Synchronize and Open Console commands can be access by means of the title bar icons ( and respectively).
on the title bar provides access to view options.
Toolbar icons, context menu commands and shortcuts
|Use this icon on the title bar to collapse all the nodes.||All node types|
|New||Alt+Insert||Use this icon, command or shortcut to create a new data source, database console, table, column, index, or a primary or foreign key. The list of options depends on which element is currently selected.||DB data sources and their elements. If a DDL data source is selected, you can only choose to create another data source.|
|Duplicate||Ctrl+D||Use this icon, command or shortcut to create a copy of the selected data source. Specify the properties of the data source in the Data Sources and Drivers dialog that opens. See Data Sources and Drivers Dialog.||DB and DDL data source nodes|
|Synchronize||Ctrl+Alt+Y||Use this icon, command or shortcut to update the view of the selected element
(i.e. to synchronize the view of the element with its actual state in the database).
See also, Auto sync.
|DB data sources and their elements|
|Properties||Use this icon or command to open the Data Sources and Drivers dialog to manage your data sources and their settings.||All node types|
|Disconnect||Ctrl+F2||Use this icon, command or shortcut to close the database connection for the selected DB data source or data sources. (The names of the data sources with active database connections are shown in bold.)||DB data sources with active connections and their elements|
|Table Editor||F4||Use this icon, command or shortcut to open the selected database table in the Table Editor.
See also, Working with the Table Editor.
|Tables and table columns in DB data sources|
|F4||Use this icon, command or shortcut to open the definition of the selected view, function, procedure or package in the editor.||Corresponding elements in DB data sources|
|Edit Source||F4||Use this icon, command or shortcut to open the associated DDL file in the editor.||Tables and table columns in DDL data sources|
|Open Console||Ctrl+Shift+F10||Use this icon, command or shortcut to open the default database console for the corresponding DB data source.||DB data sources and their elements (tables and table columns)|
|Drop Associated||Use the command to remove primary key constraints.||Tables and columns in DB data sources|
Use this command or shortcut to rename the selected data source, table or table column.
Specify the new name in the dialog that opens.
See also, Renaming a table or column.
|All node types|
Modify Foreign Key
|Ctrl+F6||Use this command or shortcut to edit the definition of the selected table, column, index or foreign key.||Corresponding elements in DB data sources|
|Copy Reference||Ctrl+Shift+Alt+C||Use this command or shortcut to copy the fully qualified name of the selected data source, table or table column to the clipboard.||All node types|
|Drop or Remove||Delete||Use this command or shortcut to remove the selected item.||All node types|
|Hide||Use this command to hide the selected schemas. See Showing and hiding schemas.||Schemas in DB data sources|
|Find Usages||Alt+F7||Use this command or shortcut to find the usages of (references to) the selected item (data source, table or table column) in the project source files and libraries.||All node types|
|Compare||Ctrl+D||Select two data sources, schemas or tables and then use this command or shortcut to compare table structures for the selected items. The comparison results are shown in the differences viewer.||DB and DDL data sources and tables|
|Open New Console||Use this command to create and open a new database console for the corresponding DB data source.||DB data sources and their elements (tables and table columns)|
Use this command in problematic cases such as
when your data structures start to display incorrectly, fail to synchronize, etc.
As a result, PyCharm deletes the information it has accumulated about your database.
To check if this has eliminated the problem, use the Synchronize command.
|DB data sources|
|Copy DDL||Ctrl+Shift+C||Use this command or shortcut to copy a DDL definition of the selected data source, table or column onto the clipboard.||All node types|
|Open DDL in Console||Shift+F4||Use this command or shortcut to open a DDL definition of the selected view, or stored procedure or function in a database console.||Views, and stored procedures and functions in DB data sources|
|Import from File||
Use this command to import a text file containing delimiter-separated values (CSV, TSV, etc.)
into your database.
If a schema is currently selected, PyCharm will create a new table for the data that you are importing. If a table is selected, PyCharm will try to add the data to the selected table.
|Schemas, tables and columns in DB data sources. For columns, the result will be the same as for schemas|
|Dump with "mysqldump" or Dump with "pg_dump"||Run mysqldump or pg_dump for the selected items. See Creating database backups with mysqldump or pg_dump.||MySQL and PostgreSQL data sources, and schemas, tables and views within them|
|Dump Data to File(s)||Save data for the selected tables and views in files. Select the output format (e.g. SQL Inserts, Tab-separated (TSV), JSON-Clojure.json.clj).||DB data sources, and schemas, tables and views within them|
|Color Settings||Use this command if you want to set or change the color for the selected element or elements. (The Database Color Settings dialog will open.)||All node types|
|Use this command or shortcut to see a UML class diagram for the selected data source or table. Select:||DB and DDL data sources and tables|
Use this key combination to see basic information about the selected element.
For example, the info about a table includes
the names of the data source, catalog, schema and the table itself,
the table definition (|
To close the documentation pop-up, press Escape.
|All node types|
The view options, generally, define what is shown in the tool window and how. To view or change these options, click on the title bar.
This option defines how schema elements are shown.
When on, there are separate nodes for tables, views and stored routines (shown as folders). Tables, views and routines (procedures and functions) are shown as elements of the corresponding groups.
When off, there is no explicit grouping for tables, views, and routines. Tables and views are followed by procedures and functions.
This option defines how table elements are shown.
When on, there are separate nodes for columns, indexes, primary and foreign key constraints, and triggers (shown as folders). The elements appear in the corresponding groups.
When off, there is no such grouping and, generally, only columns are shown for tables.
|Show Keys and etc.||
When this option is on, the primary and foreign key constraints, and indexes are
shown as separate elements.
Otherwise, there are no separate elements for the keys and indexes.
The option is unavailable when the Group Contents option is on.
|Show Empty Groups||If the Group Schema or the Group Contents option is on, you can select to show or hide empty groups, i.e. the categories that contain no elements.|
When this option is off, columns, generally, are unsorted.
When this option is on, the columns are ordered alphabetically.
|Show Toolbar||Select or deselect this option to show or hide the toolbar.|
The rest of the options are common for all the tool windows, see Viewing Modes.