Database Tool Window
The Database tool window provides access to functions for working with databases and DDL data sources. It lets you view and modify data structures in your databases, and perform other associated tasks. For more information, see Working with the Database tool window.
The available data sources are shown as a tree of data sources, schemas, tables and columns. If no data sources are currently defined, use the New command (Alt+Insert) to create a data source.
Most of the functions in this window are accessed by means of the toolbar icons or context menu commands. (If the toolbar is not currently shown, click on the title bar and select Show Toolbar.) Many of the commands have keyboard shortcuts. If the toolbar is hidden, the Synchronize and Open Console commands can be access by means of the title bar icons ( and respectively).
Toolbar icons, context menu commands and shortcuts
|Collapse all the nodes.||All node types|
|New||Alt+Insert||Create a new data source, database, schema, database console, table, column, index, or a primary or foreign key. The list of options depends on which element is currently selected. |
See also, Creating a data source, Creating a database or schema, Creating and opening a new database console, Creating a table, a column, an index, or a primary or foreign key and Data Sources and Drivers Dialog.
|DB data sources and their elements. If a DDL data source is selected, you can only choose to create another data source.|
|Duplicate||Ctrl+D||Create a copy of the selected data source. Specify the properties of the data source in the Data Sources and Drivers dialog that opens.||DB and DDL data source nodes|
|Synchronize||Ctrl+Alt+Y||Update the view of the selected element (i.e. synchronize the view of the element with its actual state in the database). |
See also, Auto sync.
|DB data sources and their elements|
|Properties||Open the Data Sources and Drivers dialog to manage your data sources and their settings.||All node types|
|Disconnect||Ctrl+F2||Close the database connection for the selected DB data source or data sources. (The names of the data sources with active database connections are shown in bold.)||DB data sources with active connections and their elements|
|or||Open Editor||F4 or Ctrl+B||Open the data editor or the definition editor for the selected item.||Corresponding elements in DB data sources|
|Open Console||Ctrl+Shift+F10||Open the default database console for the corresponding DB data source.||DB data sources and their elements (tables and table columns)|
|Rename||Shift+F6|| Rename the selected data source, table or column. Specify the new name in the dialog that opens. |
See also, Renaming items.
|All node types|
| Modify Table,|
Modify Foreign Key
|Ctrl+F6||Edit the definition of the selected table, column, index, or primary or foreign key.||Corresponding elements in DB data sources|
|Copy Reference||Ctrl+Shift+Alt+C||Copy the fully qualified name of the selected data source, table or column to the clipboard.||All node types|
|Find Usages||Alt+F7||Find the usages of (references to) the selected item (data source, table or column) in your source files and libraries.||All node types|
|Database Tools | Hide Schemas||Hide the selected schemas. See Showing and hiding schemas.||Schemas in DB data sources|
|Database Tools | Manage Shown Schemas||Open the Schemas popup for the current DB data source. See Showing and hiding schemas.||DB data sources and their elements|
|Database Tools | Forget Cached Schema|| Use this command in problematic cases such as when your data structures start to display incorrectly, fail to synchronize, etc. As a result, PyCharm deletes the information it has accumulated about your database. |
To check if this has eliminated the problem, use the Synchronize command.
|DB data sources|
|Database Tools | Copy Settings||Copy the settings for the selected data source onto the clipboard.||DB data sources|
|Database Tools | Drop Primary Key||Remove the primary key constraint for the current table.||Tables and columns in DB data sources|
|Database Tools | Drop Foreign Key||Remove the foreign key constraint.||Columns with the foreign key constraint in DB data sources|
|Database Tools | Truncate||Remove all the rows in the selected table.||Tables in DB data sources|
|Drop or Remove||Delete||Remove the selected item.||All node types|
|Open New Console||Create and open a new database console for the corresponding DB data source.||DB data sources and their elements|
|Generate and Copy DDL||Ctrl+Shift+C||Generate DDL definitions for the selected data source, schema, table, view, stored procedure or function, and copy those definitions onto the clipboard.||All node types except columns|
|Open DDL in Console||Shift+F4||Open a DDL definition of the selected table or view in a database console.||Tables and views in DB data sources|
|Compare||Ctrl+D||Select two data sources, schemas or tables and then use this command to compare table structures for the selected items. The comparison results are shown in the differences viewer.||DB and DDL data sources and tables|
|Dump Data to File(s)||Save data for the selected tables and views in files. Select the output format (e.g. SQL Inserts, Tab-separated (TSV), JSON-Clojure.json.clj).||DB data sources, and schemas, tables and views within them|
|Dump with "mysqldump" or Dump with "pg_dump"||Run mysqldump or pg_dump for the selected items. See Creating database backups with mysqldump or pg_dump.||MySQL and PostgreSQL data sources, and schemas, tables and views within them|
|Import Data from File|| Import a text file containing delimiter-separated values (CSV, TSV, etc.) into your database. |
If a schema is currently selected, PyCharm will create a new table for the data that you are importing. If a table is selected, PyCharm will try to add the data to the selected table.
|Schemas, tables and columns in DB data sources. For columns, the result will be the same as for schemas|
|Restore with "mysql", Restore with "psql" or Restore|| Run ||MySQL data sources, databases and schemas. PostgreSQL data sources, databases, schemas and tables|
|Color Settings||Set or change the color for the selected element or elements. (The Database Color Settings dialog will open.)||All node types|
|Scripted Extensions / Generate POJOs.clj|| Generate a Java entity class for the selected table. In the dialog that opens, specify the directory in which the ||Tables|
|Scripted Extensions / Go to Scripts Directory||Switch to the directory where the |
See also, Extending the PyCharm functionality.
|All node types|
|View a UML class diagram for the selected data source or table. Select:||DB and DDL data sources and tables|
|View | Quick Documentation (in the main menu)||Ctrl+Q|| View basic information about the selected element. For example, the info about a table includes the names of the data source, database, schema and the table itself, the table definition (|
To close the documentation pop-up, press Escape.
|All node types|
The view options, generally, define what is shown in the tool window and how. To view or change these options, click on the title bar.
|Group Schema|| This option defines how schema elements are shown. |
When on, there are separate nodes for tables, views and stored routines (shown as folders). Tables, views and routines (procedures and functions) are shown as elements of the corresponding groups.
When off, there is no explicit grouping for tables, views, and routines. Tables and views are followed by procedures and functions.
|Group Contents|| This option defines how table elements are shown. |
When on, there are separate nodes for columns, indexes, primary and foreign key constraints, and triggers (shown as folders). The elements appear in the corresponding groups.
When off, there is no such grouping and, generally, only columns are shown for tables.
|Show Keys and etc.|| When this option is on, the primary and foreign key constraints, and indexes are shown as separate elements. |
Otherwise, there are no separate elements for the keys and indexes.
The option is unavailable when the Group Contents option is on.
|Show Empty Groups||If the Group Schema or the Group Contents option is on, you can select to show or hide empty groups, i.e. the categories that contain no elements.|
|Sort Alphabetically|| When this option is off, columns, generally, are unsorted. |
When this option is on, the columns are ordered alphabetically.
|Show Toolbar||Select or deselect this option to show or hide the toolbar.|
The rest of the options are common for all the tool windows, see Viewing Modes.
Icons for data sources and their elements
|DB data source. Also, DBMS-specific icons are used:|
|DB data source with the read-only status, e.g. for Derby.|
|DDL data source|
| A |
|Column with a primary key|
|Column with a foreign key|
|Column with an index|
|Stored procedure or function|
Title bar context menu and buttons
You can also use the toolbar buttons:
|Ctrl+NumPad -||Use this button to collapse all expanded nodes in the current view.|
|Click this button to access a subset of the context menu commands that let you configure window's viewing mode.|
|Shift+Escape||Use this command to hide the tool window. You can also use it in combination with the Alt key to hides all tool windows attached to the same tool window bar.|