PyCharm 2019.2 Help

Step 3. Testing Your First Python Application

Remember, in the first tutorial you’ve created your first Python application, and in the second tutorial you’ve debugged it. Now it’s time to do some testing.

Choosing the test runner

If you used nosetest, py.test, or Twisted Trial before, you have to choose unittest. To learn how it's done, see Choosing Your Testing Framework.

Selecting a test runner

Creating test

A quick way to create tests is to have PyCharm stub them out from the class we’d like to test. To do this, we need to open, then right-click the editor background, point to Go To, and then choose Test (or just press Ctrl+Shift+T):

Go to test

A popup appears that suggests to create a new test:

Create a new test

OK, let’s do it. We are going to test whether our car is able to accelerate and brake, so let's select those checkboxes:

Create test dialog

A new Python test class is created:

test class

You can create a Run/Debug configuration for the test and run it.

Running a test from the context menu
However, we can see that the test fails by default:

Failed test

Now we know that we can run tests, let’s start writing some actual test code.

Writing test

How to write unit tests is out of scope for this article. If you’re interested in learning about using the `unittest` framework, you can check out their docs.

For our example let’s use these tests:

import unittest from Car import Car class TestCar(unittest.TestCase): def setUp(self): = Car() class TestInit(TestCar): def test_initial_speed(self): self.assertEqual(, 0) def test_initial_odometer(self): self.assertEqual(, 0) def test_initial_time(self): self.assertEqual(, 0) class TestAccelerate(TestCar): def test_accelerate_from_zero(self): self.assertEqual(, 5) def test_multiple_accelerates(self): for _ in range(3): self.assertEqual(, 15) class TestBrake(TestCar): def test_brake_once(self): self.assertEqual(, 0) def test_multiple_brakes(self): for _ in range(5): for _ in range(3): self.assertEqual(, 10) def test_should_not_allow_negative_speed(self): self.assertEqual(, 0) def test_multiple_brakes_at_zero(self): for _ in range(3): self.assertEqual(, 0)

Running the test

Now run the test by right-clicking the editor background above the declaration of the class test_car. This time some of the tests pass successfully:

Run unittest

Debugging the test

Next, let's look deeper into the test code and debug one of the tests that failed. For example, we'll put a breakpoint in the following place:

Test breakpoint

Next, launch a debugger session. To do that, right-click the editor background at the method test_should_not_allow_negative_speed and choose Debug from the context menu, or click Start debugger in the Navigation bar:


We've placed the breakpoint at the statement of the test_should_not_allow_negative_speed method. Let's look at the debugger output:

Debugging output

Click the Step into button to skip the library classes and go into the class Car:

py debug car brake

Next, click the same Stepping into my code button again, and see the test debug output:

Debugging output

It shows that speed can become negative, which is impossible. It seems that some additional check is required in the code of the class Car:

Change the method brake as follows:

def brake(self): if self.speed < 5: self.speed = 0 else: self.speed -= 5

Now let's run the test again:

Debuggin output

Running tests automatically

In the last paragraph, after fixing our code, we reran our tests by using the Tool windows icon. If you'd like to focus on your code, and just see when you've resolved the issue, PyCharm can run the tests for you automatically.

Click the Run test automatically button on the Run toolbar. Then, every time you enter changes in your project files (as it was done earlier), the tests will run without any intervention from you.

Last modified: 6 November 2019