PyCharm 2020.1 Help

Part 6. Django-specific navigation


Finally, we'll explore the Django-specific navigation.

Note that same type of navigation is available for the other frameworks: Pyramid, Flask etc.

Use the example from the "first steps" guide Step 4. Create and Run your first Django project.

Jumping from a view to a template

Open the file for editing F4. In the left gutter, next to the line template_name = "polls/index.html", you see the icon icons.fileTypes.html.png.

Hovering the mouse pointer over this icon reveals the following popup:

py goto template png

Clicking this icon results in jumping directly to the template index.html, that resides in the folder polls under templates:

py template index png

Jumping from a template to a view

In the left gutter of the template file index.html, you see the icon pythonScript png. If you hover your mouse pointer over this icon, you'll see the following popup:

py referenced from view png

Clicking this icon leads you directly to the corresponding view.

Jumping between views and file

PyCharm allows you to easily navigate between a particular view and the corresponding url. This is how it's done:

  1. Hover your mouse pointer over the view name, while keeping Ctrl key pressed, and see the view name turning into a hyperlink:

    py jump from view to url png

  2. If you click this hyperlink, you'll jump directly to the corresponding URL:

    py jump from view to url result png

Vice versa, you can also jump from a URL to the corresponding view. Again, in the file, hover your mouse pointer over the view name, while keeping Ctrl key pressed, and see the view name turning into a hyperlink.

Ctrl+Click the view name - and find yourself in the corresponding view.

By the way, if you click a pin icon Pin button in the popup, this popup becomes "pinned" - that is, turns into a tool window:

py jump from url to view pinned png

Finally, open a template in the editor F4, say, index.html and hover your mouse pointer over detail, while keeping Ctrl key pressed, and see the name turning into a hyperlink. Click this hyperlink - you immediately jump to the file

py jumping from template to url png

Navigating to implementation and declaration

In a Django project, you see the same icons gutterIconOverridden gif and gutterIconOverriding png as in a pure Python project. When you hover your mouse pointer over such an icon, you see a popup, like the following:

py django navigation with gutter icons png

You can also jump to a declaration or implementation of a symbol. To do that, just place the caret at the implementing/overriding symbol and press Ctrl+B or Ctrl+Alt+B (or choose Navigate | Declaration or Navigate | Implementation on the main menu):

py django goto declaration implementation png

Jumping to tests

Django applications can be tested same as the pure Python ones. Same way you can create tests for the Django projects, for example, press Ctrl+Shift+T:

py django create test png

Fill in the form in the Create test dialog:

py django create test dialog png

You'll see the code like:

from unittest import TestCase class TestQuestion(TestCase): def test_was_published_recently(self): self.fails()

The test class naturally fails, but it's up to you to write some meaningful code.

When a test already exists, you can jump to it, using the same keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Shift+T:

py django jump to test png

(Note that choosing a particular test runner can be done In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, on the page Python Integrated Tools.)


This brief tutorial is over. You've mastered the following features:

  • Used the gutter icons to navigate between views and templates.

  • Navigated between views and urls.

  • Repeated how to jump to an implementation or declaration.

  • Repeated how to navigate to an existing test or create a new one.

Last modified: 08 May 2020