Configure an interpreter using Docker
PyCharm integration with Docker allows you to run your applications in the variously configured development environments deployed in Docker containers.
Make sure that the following prerequisites are met:
Docker is installed, as described on the page Docker Docs. You can install Docker on the various platforms, but here we'll use the Windows installation.
Note that you might want to repeat this tutorial on different platforms; then use Docker installations for macOS and Linux (Ubuntu, other distributions-related instructions are available as well).
You have a stable Internet connection.
Ensure that you have a stable Internet connection, so that PyCharm can download and run
busybox:latest. Once you have successfully configured Docker, you can go offline.
Before you start working with Docker, make sure that the Docker plugin is enabled. The plugin is bundled with PyCharm and is activated by default. If the plugin is not activated, enable it on the Plugins page of the IDE settings Ctrl+Alt+S as described in Manage plugins.
In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, select , and select Docker for <your operating system> under Connect to Docker daemon with. For example, if you're on macOS, select Docker for Mac. See more detail in Docker settings.
Note that you cannot install any Python packages into Docker-based project interpreters.
Preparing an example
Create a Python project
QuadraticEquation, add the Solver.py file, and copy and paste the following code:
Configuring Docker as a remote interpreter
Now, let's define a Docker-based remote interpreter.
Ensure that you have downloaded and installed Python on your computer.
Open the Add Python Interpreter dialog by either way:
When you're in the editor, the most convenient way is to use the Python Interpreter selector in the Overview of the user interface. Click the widget and select
If you are in the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, select . Click the icon and select Add.
In the dialog that opens, select the Docker option, from the drop-down lists select the Docker server (if the server is missing, click New...), and specify the image name:
Python interpreter path should have the default value:
As a result, in the project settings, you should see something like this:
Click OK to apply changes and close the dialog.
Running your application in a Docker container
In the gutter, next to the
main clause, click the button, and choose Run 'Solver.py' command. You see that your script runs in the Docker container:
The script is launched in the Run tool window. As you can see, the prefix in the Run tool window shows the container ID.
Switch to the Services tool window to preview the container details. Expand the Containers node and you'll discover the one with the same ID.
You can switch to the Log tab to see the execution results.
Debugging your application in a Docker container
Next, let's debug the application. For that, let's put a breakpoint on the line that calculates
d, click in the gutter and choose .
As you see in the Console tab of the Debug tool window, the debugger runs also in the Docker container:
You can also discover it in the Services tool window. However, now this container has a different id, and hence - different name. You can switch to the Log tab to see the execution status.
Let's summarize what has been done with the help of PyCharm:
We created a project and added a Python script.
We configured the remote interpreter.
We ran and debugged our script in the Docker containers.
Finally, we launched the Docker tool window and saw all the details visible in the Terminal.