PyCharm 2023.2 Help

Run notebooks and analyze data

To preview and analyze data sets, you need to run the executable paragraphs of your notebook.

Running notebooks

You can run paragraphs one by one or all at once. When executing any paragraph, mind code dependencies. If, for example, the current paragraph relies on the variables that are initialized in the previous paragraph, it needs to be executed first.

  • Click Run all on the notebook editor toolbar to execute all paragraphs of the notebook, all paragraphs above or below the current one. The progress of the execution will be shown on the toolbar.

  • Click Run a paragraph icon in the gutter to execute a particular paragraph of the notebook.

Once the execution completes, the execution status is shown in the toolbar and in the gutter:

  • Finished: success: execution has been successfully finished

    You can click this icon to execute the paragraph again.

    Run a paragraph

  • Finished: failed: execution has failed

  • Finished: aborted: execution has been aborted

In case of the successful execution, preview the output that is shown below the paragraph code.

Executing code paragraph has been successfully finished

Refresh interpreters

When you execute code of your notebook, you might want to restart an interpreter on the target Zeppelin server. For your convenience, PyCharm provides several options to do this:

  • Click Interpreter settings on the notebook toolbar.

  • Right-click the Run icon in the gutter and select Restart Interpreter.

    Restart Dart Analysis interpreter from the gutter
  • Right-click any paragraph in the editor and select Restart Interpreter from the context menu.

Viewing outputs

If your notebook processes data collections, you can preview output both in tabular and graphical forms. You can manage the output presentation by selecting a table, graph, or split view. Hover over the right side of the paragraph output to see the corresponding controls.

Switching between the output views

Organize data in the table

  • Click a column header to order values in it.

  • Click Filter data to filter data in the selected column.

  • Click Pagination to organize table in pages. Toggle this button and specify the number of table rows to display on a page: 10, 15, 30, or 100.

  • Click Configure table columns and select the columns to be shown in the table.

Car data in the table view

Export tables

  1. Click Export table to save the table in a .csv file.

  2. Enter the filename and click Save.

The default type of the chart is defined by the chart settings on the server. However, you can configure and modify the predefined chart type.

Configure charts

  1. Click Chart settings icon to alter the initial settings of the chart.

    Chart view
  2. Click any icon that corresponds to a chart type and the new chart will be plotted. For example, click Scatter chart icon to add a new scatter chart.

  3. Drag the columns you want to plot to the specific field:

    Building a new chart
  4. Click the Add new series link to add more series to the chart. Then drag the required columns to the target fields to set the axes.

Export charts

  1. Click Export a chart to save the generated graphical output in the .png format.

  2. Enter the filename and click Save.

Configure chart settings

  1. To define the way the chart looks, click chart settings on the chart toolbar (right side of the output area).

  2. Select the contrast or default theme. Click edit the theme to modify the theme colors. Also, you can click clone the theme to clone the theme and customize it later.

    Chart settings
  3. Review the modified settings in the preview area and save the changes.

Viewing runtime data with State Viewer

State Viewer allows you to preview local variables and SQL schemas for the current Zeppelin session. It establishes a protocol between the Zeppelin server and the IDE, and provides runtime information to get more details about the variables, and offers smart coding assistance.

Use State Viewer

  1. In the Zeppelin connection settings, make sure the Enable State Viewer integration checkbox is selected.

    Enabling State Viewer

  2. If you want to fine-tune State Viewer settings, click Show State Viewer Settings.

  3. Open any notebook on the target Zeppelin server and execute any paragraph to collect data.

  4. Once the paragraph is executed, the State Viewer tool window opens. You can see the State Viewer synced status in the notebook toolbar.

    View variables in State Viewer tool window
  5. In the State Viewer tool window, you can preview the values of the variables and expand hierarchical data. You can right-click any variable to open a context menu and inspect the variable in a separate window with the Inspect ... command, or preview its value in text form (View Text).

    Inspecting a variable

    At any time, you can click Refresh connection to sync up with the server.

    If you closed the State Viewer tool window, you can quickly reopen it: click App actions more at the top of your Zeppelin notebook and select Open State Viewer Window.

    Open State Viewer Window

State Viewer settings

You can access the State Viewer settings in any of the following ways:

  • If you are initiating a Zeppelin connection, you can open the Show State Viewer Settings section in the Zeppelin connection window.

  • If you have already established a Zeppelin connection, you can open the State Viewer settings by clicking Show Settings icon in the State Viewer tool window.

Common Introspector Settings

  • Collect variables: select if you want to view variable values in State Viewer.

  • Collect SQL info: select if you want to view SQL data.

  • Enable debug mode: select if you want to show the State Viewer log icon App general information in the State Viewer tool window. It can be used to view State Viewer service info, errors, and log.

Variables Introspector Settings

  • Collect variables only on manual refresh: select if you want State Viewer to collect and display variable only when you click App actions refresh in the State Viewer tool window. Otherwise, State Viewer will update variables on each paragraph execution.

  • Do not collect variables from other notes: collect variables only from the note that you run. If disabled, State Viewer collects and displays all variables of your code state, which can include data from other notebooks.

  • Timeout for variables collecting (ms): if collecting variables takes more time than specified by the timeout, State Viewer will stop collecting them and will show only those that have been collected during this timeout.

  • Collect single variable timeout (ms): if collecting a variable takes more time than specified by the timeout, only the variable name and a part of its value (first elements of an array or attributes of a class) will be shown.

  • Limit size for collection: the maximum number of elements in collections (arrays, lists, and so on) to be displayed.

  • Strings max length: specify the first N characters of string values to be displayed.

  • Count last 'res' variables: maximum number of paragraph executions to be displayed in the State Viewer tool window.

  • Introspection depth: maximum depth of objects to be displayed as a hierarchy. The remaining part will be represented as a string.

SQL Introspector Settings

  • Collect SQL schema timeout (ms): timeout to collect SQL schemas.

  • Collection strategy:

    • All data in state — after paragraph execution: collect info on all SQL schemas from your program state after a paragraph execution.

    • Current paragraph data — after execution, all data — on refresh: collect schemas from the current paragraph after its execution and collect all schemas from the program state — on manual refresh.

    • Only on refresh: collect all schemas on manual refresh.

  • Schema pattern filter: specify a database and table name pattern to collect.

  • Collect only temp tables: collect data from temporary tables only.


If the execution of the notebook or a particular paragraph has failed, review the error message and consider some typical troubleshooting actions:


Recommended action

The notebook toolbar is not available. The following warning message is shown: The notebook is not connected

Click the Try Reconnect link to get the notebook connected to the server.

Server connection is lost. The corresponding icon shows the disconnected status of the server:

Disconnected server

Click Refresh connections to reestablish the connection to the server.

Interpreter session gets expired. For example, the error message reports that the Spark session is expired.

Click Interpreter bindings on the notebook toolbar control and restart the problematic interpreter.

Last modified: 04 September 2023