PyCharm 2019.2 Help

Debugging Django Template Tutorial

Before you start

Make sure that:

  • You are working with PyCharm Professional Edition. This tutorial has been prepared with PyCharm version 2017.2.

  • Django is specified as the project template language. See section Templates for details.

Preparing an example

First, let's create a Django project MyDjangoProject1, with the application poll.

Next, open the file views.py for editingF4 and see that the import statement is already there. In the second line you see the invitation to do something manually:

from django.shortcuts import render # Create your views here.

Type the following code:

from django.shortcuts import render def index(request): return render(request, 'index.html', context={'hello': 'world'})

You see that index.html is marked as unresolved reference:

Template not found

Press Alt+Enter or click Intention bulb and choose to create the missing template:

Create a tamplate

In the file index.html type the following code:

{% for char in hello %} {{ char }} {% endfor %}

It means that the value world of the variable hello will be printed one character after another.

Next, open for editing the urls.py file F4.

In this file find Ctrl+F the string path and after the url of the admin site, type the following code:

path('index/', index),

Do not forget about the import statement!

from poll.views import index

You should end up with the following:

url patterns

So the example code is ready.

Adding breakpoint to a template

Let's add a breakpoint to the template index.html. To do that, open for editing the file index.html F4 and click the left gutter:

Breakpoint

Editing and launching a run/debug configuration

Note that Django server run/debug configuration is created automatically, and the only thing required is editing it. To change this run/debug configuration, in the drop-down choose the Edit Configurations... command:

Edit configurations

For example, change the port number. Here it will be 8123.

Run/Debug configuration for a Django server

Next, let's launch this run/debug configuration in the debug mode: choose this configuration from the drop-down and click Start the debugger:

Menu

You see that the name of the run/debug configuration in the drop-down, the Start the debugger button and the Debug tool window are marked with a dot, which means that the run/debug configuration becomes active.

The run/debug configuration shows the error message (404), because neither admin site, nor index page are present. However, we need to suspend our application at the breakpoint. To do so, we need to add the name index to the contents of the address bar. The page is still not found, but in PyCharm you see the template with the hit breakpoint:

Breakpoint hit

and the Debug tool window.

Working with the Debug tool window

In the Django applications, all the functions of the Debug Tool Window are available, same as for the pure Python scripts. For example, you can step through your application, evaluate expressions, watch variables and more.

Stepping through the template

The stepping toolbar becomes active, and the stepping buttons are available. For example, click Step over and see that the value of the char variable changes to the next letter of the word world.

See the Stepping through the program section for details.

Evaluating an expression

Press Alt+F8, or, on the Stepping toolbar, click Evaluate expression. In the dialog that opens, type the expression you wish to evaluate, and click Evaluate:

Evaluate expressions

See the Evaluating Expressions section for details.

Watching variables

Suppose, you'd like to always keep an eye on a certain variable of a template, say, char. How to do that?

In the Variable tab, make sure that the watches button is pressed (if this button is pressed, then the watches are visible in the Variables tab), and then click the New debugger watch button. Type the name of the variable of interest, and now your watch is always on top of the Variables tab:

Watching in the debug tool window

See the Adding, editing and removing watches for details.

Summary

That's it... What has been done here? Let's repeat:

  • You've created a Django project, with a template in it.

  • You've added a breakpoint to this template.

  • You've created the Django server run/debug configuration, and launched it in the debug mode.

  • Having hit the breakpoint, you've stepped through your template, evaluated expressions and added watches.

The next step is also intended for the Professional edition users - this is Debugging JavaScript.

Last modified: 24 August 2019

See Also

Language and Framework-Specific Guidelines: