PyCharm 2019.3 Help

Live template variables

When you expand a live template abbreviation, its variables either appear as input fields where you can type values or are replaced with values. These may be default values that you can modify or values calculated using functions.

To declare variables within templates, use the following format: $<variable_name>$.

Define each variable using an expression and provide a default value for cases when the expression fails to evaluate.

This expression may contain the following constructs:

  • String constants in double quotes

  • Names of other variables defined in a live template

  • Predefined functions with possible arguments

Configure template variables

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog Ctrl+Alt+S, go to Editor | Live Templates.

  2. Select a template where you want to configure variables.

  3. Specify variables in the template text and click Edit variables.

  4. In the Edit Template Variables dialog, you can do the following for each variable:

    • Change the variable name

    • Define the expression using predefined functions

    • Specify the default value for cases when the expression fails to evaluate

    • Specify whether you want to skip the variable when prompting the user for input if the expression evaluated successfully

Predefined template variables

PyCharm supports the following predefined live template variables that cannot be modified:

  • $END$ indicates the position of the cursor when the code snippet is complete, and you can no longer press Tab to jump to the next variable.

  • $SELECTION$ is used in surround templates and denotes the code fragment to be wrapped. After the template expands, it wraps the selected text as specified in the template. For example, if you select EXAMPLE in your code and invoke the "$SELECTION$" template via the assigned abbreviation or by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T and selecting the desired template from the list, PyCharm will wrap the selection in double quotes as follows: "EXAMPLE".

Predefined functions used in live template variables

The following functions can be used to define live template variables:

Function

Description

blockCommentEnd

Returns the characters that indicate the end of a block comment in the current language context.

blockCommentStart

Returns the characters that indicate the start of a block comment in the current language context.

camelCase(String)

Converts a string into camelCase. For example, camelCase(my-text-file), camelCase(my text file), and camelCase(my_text_file) all return myTextFile.

capitalize(String)

Capitalizes the first letter of the parameter.

capitalizeAndUnderscore(String)

Capitalizes all the letters of a CamelCase name passed as the parameter, and inserts an underscore between the parts. For example, capitalizeAndUnderscore(FooBar) returns FOO_BAR.

classNameComplete()

This expression substitutes for the class name completion at the variable position.

clipboard()

Returns the contents of the system clipboard.

collectionElementName()

Removes _list and plural ending (s).

commentEnd()

Returns the characters that indicate the end of a comment in the current language context. The return value is empty if line comments are defined in the current language.

commentStart()

Returns the characters that indicate the start of a comment in the current language context. If line comments are defined in the current language, their start indicator is preferable.

complete()

Invokes code completion at the position of the variable.

completeSmart()

Invokes smart type completion at the position of the variable.

concat(expressions...)

Returns a concatenation of all the strings passed to the function as parameters.

date(sDate)

Returns the current system date in the specified format.

Without a parameter, the current date is returned in the default system format.

date_format

To use a different format, provide a parameter according to the SimpleDateFormat specification. For example, the function date("Y-MM-d, E, H:m") will return the date formatted as 2019 - 07 - 5, Fri, 12:56.

decapitalize(sName)

Replaces the first letter of the parameter with the corresponding lowercase letter.

defaultReturnValues

Returns the default value if the expression is used in the return statement. Uses the errorVariableName parameter if the expression is of the error type.

djangoBlock

Shows completion popup for the available Django blocks.

djangoFilter

Shows completion popup for the available Django filters.

djangoTemplateTags

Shows comFpletion popup for the available Django template tags

djangoVariable

Shows completion popup for the available Django variable.

enum(sCompletionString1,sCompletionString2,...)

Returns a list of comma-separated strings suggested for completion when the template is expanded.

escapeString(sEscapeString)

Escapes the string specified as the parameter.

expectedType()

Returns the expected type of the expression into which the template expands. Makes sense if the template expands in the right part of an assignment, after return, and so on.

fileName()

Returns the name of the current file with its extension.

fileNameWithoutExtension()

Returns the name of the current file without its extension.

filePath()

Returns the absolute path to the current file.

fileRelativePath()

Returns the current file path relative to the current project. To check what the relative path is for a given file, right-click it and select Copy Reference, or press Ctrl+Shift+Alt+C.

firstWord(sFirstWord)

Returns the first word of the string passed as the parameter.

groovyScript("groovy code", arg1)

Returns a Groovy script with the specified code.

You can use the groovyScript() function with multiple arguments. The first argument is the text of the script that is executed or the path to the file that contains the script. The next arguments are bound to the _1, _2, _3, ..._n variables that are available inside your script. Also, the _editor variable is available inside the script. This variable is bound to the current editor.

JsArrayVariable()

Returns the name of the current JavaScript array.

jsClassName()

Returns the name of the current JavaScript class.

jsComponentTypeOf()

Returns the type of the current JavaScript component.

jsDefineParameter

Based on the name of the module, returns the parameter from define(["module"], function (<parameter_in_question>>) {}).

jsMethodName()

Returns the name of the current JavaScript method.

jsQualifiedClassName()

Returns the complete name of the current JavaScript class.

jsSuggestIndexName()

Returns a suggested name for an index variable from most commonly used ones: i, j, k, and son on. The names that are not used in the current scope yet are shown first.

jsSuggestVariableName()

Returns the suggested name for a variable based on its variable type and initializer expression, according to your code style settings that refer to the variable naming rules.
For example, if it is a variable that holds an element within an iteration, PyCharm makes a guess on the most reasonable name, taking into account the name of the container that is iterated.

jsSuggestDefaultVariableKind(Boolean)

The Boolean parameter determines whether constants are allowed or not in the current context. If no parameter is specified, constants are allowed. When the templates expands, a list is shown with var, let, const options for TypeScript and ES6 and with only one var option for earlier JavaScript versions.

jsSuggestImportedEntityName()

Suggests the name for import statements of the type `import * as $ITEM$ from "$MODULE$"` or `import $ITEM$ from "$MODULE$"` based on the filename.

lineCommentStart

Returns the characters that indicate the start of a line comment in the current language context.

lineNumber()

Returns the current line number.

lowercaseAndDash(String)

Converts a camelCase string into lower case and inserts n-dashes as separators. For example, lowercaseAndDash(MyExampleName) returns my-example-name.

pyClassName()

Returns the name of the current Python class (the class where the template is expanded).

pyFunctionName()

Returns the name of the current Python function.

pyIterableVariable()

Enables scope specific completion for the iterable variables.

Using pyIterableVariable() in live templates
regularExpression(String, Pattern, Replacement)

Find all occurrences of Pattern in a String and replace it with Replacement. You can specify the pattern as a regular expression to find everything that matches it in the string.

showParameterInfo()

Returns the parameter details when adding a parameter to a function or method.

Example of usage:

Show parameter info

snakeCase(String)

Converts a string into snake_case. For example, snakeCase(fooBar) returns foo_bar.

spaceSeparated(String)

Converts a string into lowercase and inserts spaces as separators. For example, spaceSeparated(fooBar) returns foo bar.

spacesToUnderscores(sParameterWithSpaces)

Replaces spaces with underscores in the string passed as the parameter. For example, spacesToUnderscores(foo bar) returns foo_bar.

substringBefore(String,Delimiter)

Removes the extension after the specified delimiter and returns only the filename. This is helpful for test file names (for example, substringBefore($FileName$,".") returns component-test in component-test.js).

time(sSystemTime)

Returns the current system time in the specified format.

Without a parameter, the current time is returned in the default system format.

To use a different format, provide a parameter according to the SimpleDateFormat specification. For example, the function time("H:m z") will return the timestamp formatted as 13:10 UTC.

underscoresToCamelCase(String)

Replaces underscores with camelCase letters in the string passed as the parameter. For example, underscoresToCamelCase(foo_bar) returns fooBar.

underscoresToSpaces(sParameterWithUnderscores)

Replaces underscores with spaces in the string passed as the parameter. For example, underscoresToSpaces(foo_bar) returns foo bar.

user()

Returns the name of the current user.

Last modified: 5 December 2019