Qodana 2021.3 Help

Configure profile

Qodana runs are configured via the qodana.yaml configuration file. Information stored in qodana.yaml overrides the default inspection profile settings and default configurations of Qodana linters. You can specify such overrides in the HTML report, and the changes are imported to qodana.yaml automatically.

To run subsequent checks with this customized configuration, save the file to the project's root directory. Alternatively, you can edit the qodana.yaml configuration file manually. This section will guide you through necessary settings.

Default profiles

Out of the box, Qodana provides several predefined profiles:

  • empty: an empty profile containing no inspections, which can be used as a basis for manual configuration.

  • qodana.starter: the default profile that triggers the 3-phase analysis.

  • qodana.recommended: a profile containing a preselected set of IntelliJ inspections.

  • qodana.sanity: a profile containing a small preselected set of inspections that perform the project's "sanity" checks. If these checks fail, the project is probably misconfigured, and further examining it will not produce meaningful results. See Qodana linters for details on configuring a project for the desired linter.

You can specify other profiles available in the respective IntelliJ Platform IDE for your source project. If you are using a CI system, make sure the .xml file with this profile resides in the working directory where the VCS stores your project before building it. The IntelliJ IDEA profiles for embedding into Qodana Docker images are hosted in the qodana-profiles GitHub repository.

How to choose a proper profile

If you already have an inspection profile for your project, you can use it with Qodana as a starting point. You can then adjust it via qodana.yaml and make it more convenient for the server-side use.

If you want a fresh start, you have two options:

  1. Use Qodana in default mode to execute the three-phase analysis. You don't need to create a qodana.yaml file in this case, but you can add it later to amend a set of checks.

  2. Use Qodana with the recommended profile. In this case you need to create a qodana.yaml file with a reference to qodana.recommended. This profile contains the checks for critical or severe issues in the code, which require attention. This profile does not contain any style checks, and non-critical for the project operability folders, such as tests, are ignored.

Three-phase analysis

Sometimes it may be challenging to set up analysis for a big project even with the qodana.recommended profile due to large amount of errors reported. To solve this, Qodana offers a 3-phase analysis, where each phase is focused on a certain type of results.

  • The first phase is based on the qodana.starter profile that contains vital checks only. Non-critical for the project operability folders, such as tests, are ignored.

  • The second phase reports the conditions that could affect truthfulness or completeness of the results. For example, if your project relies on external resources or generated code, and they are not available during the analysis, the final results could be compromised. Qodana notifies you about such suspicious results.

  • The last phase suggests additional checks that are not so vital for the project but still beneficial. To avoid overwhelming, Qodana analyses only a fraction of the code, just enough to show you the possible outcome.

Set up a profile

Set up a profile by the name

profile: name: <name>

Note that the name of the profile does not necessarily match the name of the containing file stored in .idea/inspectionProfiles. The actual name is stored as the <option name="myName" value="%profileName%" /> value in the profile xml file and is visible in the IDE UI. For details on working with inspection profiles in IDE, see the IDE documentation.

Set up a profile by the path

profile: path: relative/path/in/your/project.xml

Exclude paths from the analysis scope

You can specify that the files in a certain directory are not analyzed. This can be done on a per-inspection basis or for all inspections at once. To exclude all paths in a project from the inspection scope, omit the paths node.

Example

Exclude all inspections for specified project paths:

exclude: - name: All paths: - asm-test/src/main/java/org - asm/Visitor.java - benchmarks

Exclude inspections specified by ID for specified project paths:

exclude: - name: Annotator - name: AnotherInspectionId paths: - relative/path - another/relative/path - name: All paths: - asm-test/src/main/java/org - asm - benchmarks - tools

You can find specific inspection IDs in the Profile settings in the HTML report or in the .xml file with your inspection profile.

Include an inspection into the analysis scope

You can specify that the files in a certain directory are analyzed by an inspection that is not contained in the selected profile. This can be done on a per-inspection basis. To include all paths in a project into the inspection scope, omit the paths node.

Example

In this example, the empty profile, which contains no inspections, is specified, and the SomeInspectionId inspection is explicitly included into the analysis scope for the tools directory. As a result, only the check performed by the SomeInspectionId inspection the tools directory contents will be included in the Qodana run.

profile: name: empty include: - name: SomeInspectionId paths: - tools

Set a fail threshold

Add a fail threshold to use as a quality gate:

failThreshold: <number>

When this number of problems is reached, the container executes exit 255. This can be used to make a CI step fail. The default value is 10000.

Override the default run scenario

script: name: <script-name> parameters: <parameter>: <value>

You can override the standard Qodana behavior, which can be helpful in the case of the PHP version migration. To inspect your code from this perspective, you can run the php-migration scenario.

By default, Qodana employs the default scenario, which means the normal Qodana run equivalent to this setting:

script: name: default

Example of different configuration options

version: 1.0 failThreshold: 0 profile: name: qodana.recommended include: - name: SomeInspectionId exclude: - name: Annotator - name: AnotherInspectionId paths: - relative/path - another/relative/path - name: All paths: - asm-test/src/main/java/org - benchmarks - tools

In the example above,

  • SomeInspectionId inspection is explicitly enabled for all paths, although it is disabled in the profile

  • Annotator inspection is disabled for all paths

  • AnotherInspectionId inspection is disabled for relative/path and another/relative/path

  • no inspections are conducted over these paths: asm-test/src/main/java/org, benchmarks, tools

Clone Finder license overrides

You need license overrides when you want to stop seeing warnings about certain mismatched licenses in Clone Finder's reports. For example, Clone Finder's default license compatibility matrix specifies that a queried project with the GPL-3.0-only license may not use code from projects with the ISC license. That's why Qodana Clone Finder will show a warning for duplicate code fragments with such mismatched licenses. However, if your legal advisor says it is OK, you can specify to ignore warnings for this specific license in reference projects. You can do so in the HTML report via the Problem explorer or directly in qodana.yaml as shown in the example below.

version: 1.0 profile: name: qodana.recommended inspections: CloneFinder: failThreshold: 100 licenseRules: - source: GPL-3.0-only target: ISC compatible: true exclude: - name: CloneFinder paths: - copied_file_2.py

In the example above, using code from ISC reference projects (target) is allowed in the GPL-3.0-only queried project (source), although this combination is listed as incompatible, for example, in choosealicense.com/appendix/.

License Audit configuration

Use license identifiers from the SPDX License List.

Exclude an inspection

By default, Qodana License Audit includes all supported inspections.

Exclude inspections from the analysis:

version: 1.0 profile: name: qodana.recommended exclude: - name: NoDependencyLicenses - name: ProhibitedDependencyLicense - name: UncategorizedDependencyLicense - name: UnrecognizedDependencyLicense - name: UnrecognizedProjectLicense

Allow or prohibit a license

Override the predefined licence compatibility matrix:

inspections: LicenseAudit: rules: - key: - "PROPRIETARY-LICENSE" - "MIT" prohibited: - "Apache-2.0" allowed: - "MIT" - "BSD-3-Clause" - "ISC" - key: "Apache-2.0" prohibited: - "MIT"

where key is the project license(s); the dependency licenses are specified in allowed or prohibited.

Override a dependency license

Override a dependency license ID if it has been detected incorrectly:

inspections: LicenseAudit: dependencyOverrides: - name: "numpy" version: "1.19.1" licenses: - "BSD-3-Clause"

where name is the dependency name, version is the dependency version, and licenses is the list of redefined dependency licenses.

In the example above, you 'tell' License Audit to detect BSD-3-Clause and no other licenses for numpy (only 1.19.1).

Ignore a dependency license

Ignore a dependency license to hide the related problems from the report:

inspections: LicenseAudit: dependencyIgnores: - name: "enry" licenses: - "UNKNOWN" - name: "numpy" licenses: - "GPL-3.0-only"

where name is the dependency name, licenses is the list of dependency licenses ignored for the specified dependency.

In the example above, in the analyzed project, the dependency numpy, version 1.19.1 has the GPL-3.0 license (which is supposedly prohibited for this project) and the license for enry (0.1.1) is not recognized. The problems with these dependencies will be ignored in the reports, and you won't see the prohibited and unrecognized license problems you've seen before.

Monorepo support

By default, Qodana License Audit looks for package manager manifests on the given project root. If you have applications with different package managers declared in subdirectories, use paths to specify such subdirectories relative to your project root.

inspections: LicenseAudit: paths: - "." - "ui/"

If you want to scan both specific paths for package manager manifests and the root of your project, include . to the list of paths (for root).

Dependency scopes

Gradle

By default, Qodana License Audit runs Gradle with runtime and runtimeClasspath configurations. You can specify the wanted Gradle configurations in dependencyScopes section.

inspections: LicenseAudit: dependencyScopes: - type: "gradle" scopes: - "runtime"

npm, yarn

By default, npm or yarn exclude all non-development dependencies. To include development or test dependencies, put all to the configuration.

inspections: LicenseAudit: dependencyScopes: - type: "yarn" scopes: - "all"

Other package managers supported do not allow specifying the scopes.

Detector options

Default detector options:

inspections: LicenseAudit: detectorOptions: threshold: 0.8 includeText: true deep: false

where

  • threshold is the license detection threshold value from 0.0 to 1.0

  • includeText specifies whether to add the license text by which the license ID was recognized to the report or not

  • deep specifies whether to run a deep license detection: check every file and always detect licenses from dependencies, even when they were declared on the package level

Example of different License Audit overrides

failThreshold: 100 profile: name: qodana.recommended inspections: LicenseAudit: rules: - key: - "PROPRIETARY-LICENSE" prohibited: - "Apache-2.0" allowed: - "BSD-3-Clause" dependencyIgnores: - name: "numpy" licenses: - "GPL-3.0-only" dependencyScopes: - type: "gradle" scopes: - "runtime"
Last modified: 10 December 2021