Auto-implemented properties (also known auto-properties) allow declaring type properties that do not have additional logic in a simpler way. By default, ReSharper encourages using of auto-properties when possible, but this behavior is configurable.
If you do not want ReSharper to suggest this, you can disable the code inspection that detects it (Convert property to auto-property). In this case, properties with backing fields are not highlighted and quick-fixes are not suggested, but you can still apply the conversion with the context action or with the corresponding refactoring:
The reverse functionality of converting existing auto-properties to properties with backing field is also available with the corresponding context action. You can also generate default bodies for property accessors using the To compound property context action:
Another option to convert properties to auto-properties in a bulk mode is code cleanup. You can either run code cleanup with the default profile Default: Full Cleanup or run the cleanup with a custom profile solely targeted at your specific task as described below.
To convert properties to auto-properties with custom code cleanup profile
Selectin the main menu.
Go to the Code Cleanup settings page:.
Create a new profile as described in the To create a new custom cleanup profile section. In the Selected profile settings section for the new profile, tick the Use auto-property, if possible check box. Optionally, you can enable other code cleanup tasks in this profile.
Click Save to apply the modifications and let ReSharper choose where to save them, or save the modifications to a specific settings layer using the Save To drop-down list. For more information, see managing and sharing resharper settings.
- Select the scope where you want to use auto-properties:
Set the caret anywhere in the file to use auto-properties to the file.
Select one or more items in the Solution Explorer to use auto-properties in the files under these nodes and their child items.
- Do one of the following:
Press Ctrl+Alt+F or choosefrom the main menu.
Right-click anywhere in the text editor or right-click the selection and choose Cleanup Code in the context menu.
In the Code Cleanup dialog that opens, select the newly created profile.
Click Run. ReSharper will use auto-properties in the selected scope.
If you want to convert properties to auto-properties without opening the Code Cleanup dialog, you can bind the created profile to the silent cleanup and run it simply by pressing Ctrl+Shift+Alt+F. You can also create a custom cleanup profile that would combine converting to auto-properties with other code style tasks.
This feature is supported in the following languages and technologies:
- Naming Style
- Managing and Applying Code Formatting Rules
- File and Type Layout
- File Header Style
- Code Syntax Style: Namespace Imports
- Code Syntax Style: Implicit/Explicit Typing ('var' Keyword)
- Using Auto-Properties
- Making Fields Readonly
- Code Syntax Style: Multiple Attributes
- Code Syntax Style: Modifiers
- Code Syntax Style: Optional Member Qualifiers
- Reformatting XML Doc Comments
- Removing Code Redundancies