Generating Null-Checking Routines
ReSharper provides plenty of different ways to generate code that checks value-type parameters, expressions, and variables for null. Depending on their purpose, null-checking routines can be divided into two categories:
Null checks for exceptions and assertions
There are situations when encountering an object that is a
null reference is critical in your program and should be either logged or signalled by throwing an exception. A typical example here is throwing an
ArgumentNullException in a function that is not designed to accept
Generating null checks for exceptions and assertions
You can generate these kinds of null checks in the following ways:
Press Alt+Enter on a parameter or expression and choose the corresponding context action:
If a parameter is marked with the [NotNull] attribute, you can set the caret directly after the parameter name or parameter type and press !:private void Foo([NotNull] object/*!*/ arg/*!*/)
When generating a constructor (Alt+Insert ), select Check parameters for nul in the dialog.
To generate an assertion for
nullfor any nullable expression, ReSharper provides the Assert expression for null action on Alt+Enter. Depending on the nullability analysis settings, it appears as a quick-fix or a context action. This action becomes unavailable if ReSharper infers that the expression can never be
If you use code annotations in your project, ReSharper will decorate parameters, which you check for null, with the [NotNull] attribute. This will let ReSharper notify you when null objects are passed to the decorated parameters.
You can disable adding
[NotNull] by clearing the Automatically propagate annotations checkbox on the page of ReSharper options (Alt+R,,O).
Configuring null checks for exceptions and assertions
This kind of null checks can be written in different ways, so they are configurable on the page of ReSharper options (Alt+R,,O), which is also accessible from the Alt+Enter menu on the corresponding actions:
This options page lists all predefined null-checking patterns in the priority order with higher priority patterns shown on the top. When ReSharper generates a null check, it will take the highest-priority pattern which semantically suits the context, taking into account the current C# version. By default, ReSharper automatically detects C# version based on the associated compiler. However, you can specify the target C# version explicitly — right-click the project in the Solution Explorer, choose Edit project item properties from the context menu and use the C# Language Level selector..
For example, with the default configuration the 'throw expression' pattern
$EXPR$ ?? new System.ArgumentNullException($NAME$); has higher priority than the 'classic' throw statement
if ($EXPR$ == null) throw new System.ArgumentNullException($NAME$);. But if expressions are not allowed in the current context, ReSharper will skip the first and use the second pattern:
The same applies to generating assertions: ReSharper will use the first pattern that is marked with Can use for assertion.
If you have any preferences for generating null checks, use the Move up Alt+U/ Move down Alt+D buttons on the options page to raise the priority of patterns that you prefer.
Creating custom null checks for exceptions and assertions
If your codebase provides dedicated helper methods for handling null checks, you may want to create your own null-checking patterns by editing the two custom patterns that are highlighted in bold on the options page — Custom (statement) and Custom (expression):
By default, these two patterns have the lowest priority, meaning that they will never be used for generation. So if you are going to use them, move them up to raise their priority.
When a custom pattern is selected in the list, you can edit it in the text field on the bottom of the page using the
$MESSAGE$ placeholders. As long as the pattern is valid, ReSharper will display the corresponding icon below the text field.
You can also tick the Can use for assertion checkbox to make the pattern work with the Assert expression for null action.
Null checks to skip objects with null values
Another kind of null checking is used to avoid member access on objects that are
null references in cases where skipping such objects is acceptable for your program:
To generate such checks, ReSharper provides Check expression for null and Use conditional access actions on Alt+Enter. Depending on the nullability analysis settings, these actions appear as quick-fixes or context actions.
However, these actions are unavailable if ReSharper infers that the expression can never return
null, for example, if the corresponding item is marked with the [NotNull] attribute or if the expression is already checked for null.
This feature is supported in the following languages and technologies: