ReSharper DevGuide

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Zones

The Component Model is responsible for bootstrapping the ReSharper environment, creating the containers and components (classes) that provide ReSharper functionality. To work with the constraints of shipping multiple products with overlapping and complementary feature sets, assemblies, and licensing requirements, the Component Model uses Zones to decide what components should be activated. It is strongly recommended that you have the topics on the Component Model and Zones before continuing.

The same process happens when creating the in-memory test environment. The Component Model is still responsible for creating the containers and components, and still uses Zones to filter what components are activated. However, the process for deciding what zones are active is different.

During normal startup, the host provides a set of zones that are already active. These zones provide details about the current host, and a zone can “require” a host zone to allow for activation only in a specific host. (E.g. a zone can require IVisualStudioZone to only be active when hosted inside Visual Studio.)

When creating the test environment, the ExtensionTestEnvironmentAssembly<TTestEnvironmentZone> derived class has to specify a type parameter that derives from ITestsZone, which is a host zone definition that indicates that the current host is for running tests.

Any zone definitions that the derived ITestsZone definition requires will be activated by the test environment. For example:

[ZoneDefinition] public interface IMyTestsZone : ITestsZone, IRequire<PsiFeaturesTestZone> { } [SetUpFixture] public class TestEnvironment : ExtensionTestEnvironmentAssembly<IMyTestsZone> { }

This will create a test environment that activates IMyTestsZone (and therefore ITestsZone through inheritance). It will also activate any zones it requires - in this case, PsiFeaturesTestZone, which is a convenience definition that includes most zones required for testing the majority of ReSharper functionality.

[ZoneDefinition] public class PsiFeatureTestZone : IZone, IRequire<DaemonZone>, IRequire<NavigationZone>, IRequire<ILanguageJavaScriptZone>, IRequire<ILanguageCSharpZone>, IRequire<ILanguageCssZone>, IRequire<ILanguageVBZone>, IRequire<ILanguageMsBuild>, IRequire<ILanguageXamlZone>, IRequire<ILanguageNAntZone>, IRequire<ILanguageResxZone>, IRequire<ILanguageRegExpZone>, IRequire<ILanguageAspZone>, IRequire<ILanguageRazorZone>, IRequire<ILanguageIlZone>, IRequire<ICodeEditingZone>, IRequire<IInternalVisibilityZone>, IRequire<ExternalSourcesZone>, IRequire<IUnitTestingZone>, IRequire<IMsTestUntilVs09Zone>, IRequire<SymbolsImplZone>, IRequire<SweaZone>, IRequire<ITestsZone>, IRequire<IParameterInfoZone>, IRequire<ICodeEditingOptionsPageImplZone> { }

This is a good zone definition for tests to require by default, as it activates a lot of other zones that will be useful for testing, such as DaemonZone and SweaZone for highlighting and analysis, ICodeEditingZone for code completion and IUnitTestingZone for unit testing. It also includes a lot of language support, although it doesn’t include the C++ language.

It is possible to require a subset of these zones. If a plugin’s tests do not need JavaScript support, or unit testing support, they can be omitted, by requiring only what is needed as IRequire<TZone> interfaces on the ITestsZone derived zone definition. E.g.:

public interface IMyTestsZone : ITestsZone, IRequire<DaemonZone>, IRequire<ILanguageCppZone> { }

The custom ITestsZone zone definition can also be used to activate components that are defined in the test assembly, and that wouldn’t normally be defined. See the section on Test Components for more details.

Last modified: 10 July 2017