Generate Null-Checking Routines
JetBrains Rider provides plenty of different ways to generate code that checks value-type parameters, expressions, and variables for null. Depending on their purpose, null-checking routines can be divided into two categories:
Null checks for exceptions and assertions
There are situations when encountering an object that is a
null reference is critical in your program and should be either logged or signalled by throwing an exception. A typical example here is throwing an
ArgumentNullException in a function that is not designed to accept
Generate null checks for exceptions and assertions
You can generate these kinds of null checks in the following ways:
Press Alt+Enter on a parameter or expression and choose the corresponding context action:
If a parameter is marked with the [NotNull] attribute, you can set the caret directly after the parameter name or parameter type and press !:private void Foo([NotNull] object/*!*/ arg/*!*/)
When generating a constructor(Alt+Insert ), select Check parameters for null in the dialog.
To generate an assertion for
nullfor any nullable expression, JetBrains Rider provides the Assert expression for null action on Alt+Enter. Depending on the nullability analysis settings, it appears as a quick-fix or a context action. This action becomes unavailable if JetBrains Rider infers that the expression can never be
If you use code annotations in your project, JetBrains Rider will decorate parameters, which you check for null, with the [NotNull] attribute. This will let JetBrains Rider notify you when null objects are passed to the decorated parameters.
You can disable adding
[NotNull] by clearing the Automatically propagate annotations checkbox on the page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S.
Configuring null checks for exceptions and assertions
This kind of null checks can be written in different ways, so they are configurable on thepage of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S, which is also accessible from the Alt+Enter menu on the corresponding actions:
This settings page lists all predefined null-checking patterns in the priority order with higher priority patterns shown on the top. When JetBrains Rider generates a null check, it will take the highest-priority pattern which semantically suits the context, taking into account the current C# version. By default, JetBrains Rider automatically detects C# version based on the associated compiler. However, you can specify the target C# version explicitly — press Alt+Enter on the project in the Solution Explorer and use the Language version selector on the Application page of the Project Properties dialog.
For example, with the default configuration the 'throw expression' pattern
$EXPR$ ?? new System.ArgumentNullException($NAME$); has higher priority than the 'classic' throw statement
if ($EXPR$ == null) throw new System.ArgumentNullException($NAME$);. But if expressions are not allowed in the current context, JetBrains Rider will skip the first and use the second pattern:
The same applies to generating assertions: JetBrains Rider will use the first pattern that is marked with Can use for assertion.
If you have any preferences for generating null checks, use the Move up Alt+U/ Move down Alt+D buttons on the settings page to raise the priority of patterns that you prefer.
Creating custom null checks for exceptions and assertions
If your codebase provides dedicated helper methods for handling null checks, you may want to create your own null-checking patterns by editing the two custom patterns that are highlighted in bold on the settings page — Custom (statement) and Custom (expression):
By default, these two patterns have the lowest priority, meaning that they will never be used for generation. So if you are going to use them, move them up to raise their priority.
When a custom pattern is selected in the list, you can edit it in the text field on the bottom of the page using the
$MESSAGE$ placeholders. As long as the pattern is valid, JetBrains Rider will display the corresponding icon below the text field.
You can also tick the Can use for assertion checkbox to make the pattern work with the Assert expression for null action.
Null checks to skip objects with null values
Another kind of null checking is used to avoid member access on objects that are
null references in cases where skipping such objects is acceptable for your program:
To generate such checks, JetBrains Rider provides Check expression for null and Use conditional access actions on Alt+Enter. Depending on the nullability analysis settings, these actions appear as quick-fixes or context actions.
However, these actions are unavailable if JetBrains Rider infers that the expression can never return
null, for example, if the corresponding item is marked with the [NotNull] attribute or if the expression is already checked for null.