Client Credentials Flow
Authorization on behalf of the application itself.
Suitable for server-side applications that perform actions on behalf of themselves, for example, chatbots.
In the Client Credentials Flow, the application receives an access token from Space by sending it a
If you use Space SDK in your application, you can implement the flow with the help of the
Not all operations may be accessible using the Client Credentials Flow. Many actions (for example, posting an article draft) require user consent and cannot be performed with application credentials. For actions that should be performed on behalf of the user, use other authorization flows, for example Resource Owner Password Credentials Flow.
For more details on the flow, refer to Client credentials flow specification.
How to implement
The application requests an access token from Space by sending its
SpaceHttpClient class provides the
withServiceAccountTokenSource method for working with the Client Credentials flow. For example:
To obtain an access token from Space, the application should make a request to the token endpoint
<Space service URL>/oauth/token. Use the
Authorization header with
Basic content to provide
Required. The ID assigned to your client application when you register it in Space. To get the client ID, go toand choose your application from the list.
Required. The private identifier assigned to your client application when you register it in Space. To get the client secret, go toand choose your application from the list.
Put the following parameters to the entity-body of the HTTP request in the
application/x-www-form-urlencoded format with UTF-8 character encoding. See the example below.
Required. Specifies the grant type in an OAuth 2.0 request. Set value to
Optional. A space separated list of rights required to access specific resources in Space.
Authorization header must have the following format:
Authorization: Basic <base64(client_id + ":" + client_secret)>
client_secret in a single string using semicolon as a delimiter and encode it into Base64 format.
If the request is valid, Space will authenticate the application.
If the access token request is valid and authorized, Space will issue an access token and optional refresh token. It will construct the response by adding the following parameters to the entity-body of the HTTP response with a 200 (OK) status code:
The access token issued by Space.
The type of the token issued by Space. Value is case insensitive.
The lifetime in seconds of the access token. For example, the value "3600" denotes that the access token will expire in one hour from the time the response was generated.
Optional, if identical to the scope requested by the application; otherwise, required. A space separated list of rights required to access specific resources in Space.
The parameters are included in the
entity-body of the HTTP response using the "application/json" media type. The parameters are serialized into JSON structure by adding each parameter at the highest structure level. Parameter names and string values are included as JSON strings. Numerical values are included as JSON numbers. The order of parameters does not matter and can vary.
Space includes the HTTP "Cache-Control" response header field with a value of "no-store" in any response containing tokens, credentials, or other sensitive information, as well as the "Pragma" response header field with a value of "no-cache".
If the request failed application authentication or is invalid, Space responds with an HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code (unless specified otherwise) and includes the following parameters with the response:
A single ASCII [USASCII] error code from the following:
invalid_request— The request is missing a required parameter, includes an unsupported parameter value (other than grant type), repeats a parameter, includes multiple credentials, utilizes more than one mechanism for authenticating the application, or is otherwise malformed.
invalid_client— Application authentication failed (e.g., unknown application, no application authentication included, or unsupported authentication method). Space may return an HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code to indicate which HTTP authentication schemes are supported. If the application attempted to authenticate via the "Authorization" request header field, the Space server will respond with an HTTP 401 (Unauthorized) status code and include the "WWW-Authenticate" response header field matching the authentication scheme used by the application.
invalid_grant— The provided authorization grant (e.g., authorization code, resource owner credentials) or refresh token is invalid, expired, revoked, does not match the redirection URI used in the authorization request, or was issued to another application.
unauthorized_client— The authenticated application is not authorized to use this authorization grant type.
unsupported_grant_type— The authorization grant type is not supported by Space.
invalid_scope— The requested scope is invalid, unknown, malformed, or exceeds the scope granted by the resource owner.
Human-readable ASCII [USASCII] text providing additional information to assist the application developer in understanding what went wrong.
The parameters are included in the entity-body of the HTTP response using the "application/json" media type. The parameters are serialized into a JSON structure by adding each parameter at the highest structure level. Parameter names and string values are included as JSON strings. Numerical values are included as JSON numbers. The order of parameters does not matter and can vary.