Perforce Workspace Handling in TeamCity
To perform Perforce-related operations, TeamCity usually operates in a "no-workspace" mode, that is it executes Perforce commands without the workspace context. For instance, workspaces are not required for tracking changes or for most server-side operations.
The cases when a workspace is created are:
Agent-side checkout, the default mode. In this case, TeamCity creates a Perforce workspace to check out the sources.
Using versioned settings with Perforce Helix Core.
Using Perforce streams as feature branches. In this case, TeamCity creates workspaces on the Perforce server to correctly process task streams.
Perforce Workspace Name
The names of the created workspaces start with the
TC_p4_ prefix. For the agent-side checkout, it is possible to provide an additional prefix for the workspace name using the
teamcity.perforce.workspace.prefix configuration parameter. Workspaces created on the Perforce server side, to support feature branches, have the
The name of the workspace also includes the build agent name and a hash value built from the checkout directory and (optionally) checkout rules.
Perforce Workspace Parameters
With agent-side checkout, TeamCity provides environment variables describing the Perforce workspace created during the checkout process.
If several Perforce VCS roots are used for the checkout, the variables are created for the first VCS root in the list of the build's VCS Roots.
The variables are:
P4USER— same as
vcsroot.<VCS root ID>.userparameter
P4PORT— same as
vcsroot.<VCS root ID>.portparameter
P4CLIENT— the name of the generated P4 workspace on the agent
These variables can be used to perform custom p4 commands after the checkout.
Deleting Workspace on Build Agent
TeamCity deletes the Perforce workspaces it created in different situations:
Immediately after a versioned settings commit (a workspace is created for each commit).
In the background of the agent process (between builds), when it detects a non-existing workspace directory for a workspace associated with the current agent. A TeamCity agent performs a clean-up of unused checkout directories (the default timeout is 8 days, can be changed with the
system.teamcity.build.checkoutDir.expireHourssystem property). When a checkout directory is deleted, and this directory is associated with a Perforce workspace, this workspace is deleted as well. Cleaning Perforce workspaces can be disabled via the
teamcity.perforce.workspace.cleanup=falsesetting, either in the
buildAgent.propertiesfile or globally at the server level as a Root project configuration parameter.
When deleting a Perforce workspace which contains pending changes or opened files, TeamCity tries to revert the changes and remove pending changelists, and after that repeats the operation. If the second attempt fails as well, TeamCity tries to run the
p4 client -d -f operation (forced). All those actions are logged to
Also, TeamCity does not force workspace deletion when a Perforce edge/replica server is used.
Cleaning Workspaces on Perforce Server
If you enable the feature branches support in a Perforce VCS root, TeamCity will start processing your Perforce task streams. To do this correctly, it needs to create dedicated workspaces on the Perforce server. Over time, these workspaces might consume a significant amount of resources on this server's machine. You can clean no longer necessary workspaces directly from the TeamCity UI.
To establish direct access to your Perforce server, go to Project Settings | Connections in TeamCity and add a Perforce Administrator Access connection. In its settings, enter the host and user credentials for accessing the Perforce server (the user must have the
admin permission), and TeamCity will connect to it.
During every clean-up, TeamCity will detect and delete workspaces that have been inactive for more than 7 days. You can also delete them anytime by clicking Delete workspaces right in the connection settings. Note that workspaces are deleted only on the server — not on build agents — and only if they were created by TeamCity.
It is also possible to delete only workspaces associated with a specific stream. To do this, go to Build Configuration Home, open the Actions menu, and click Delete Perforce stream workspaces. By default, this action is available to all users with the Project Developer role.
In the opened dialog, specify a path to a stream, and TeamCity will delete the related workspaces on the Perforce server. To connect to the server, TeamCity will use the settings from the project's Perforce Administrator Access connection; if it is not available, it will use the Perforce VCS root settings instead.
Perforce sync -f and workspace reuse
When agent-side checkout is used, the TeamCity Perforce plugin creates a workspace which is bound to the checkout directory on an agent. The checkout is performed with an incremental
p4 sync command (both for personal and non-personal builds).
When a VCS Root is configured to use
p4 sync -p, the Perforce plugin always runs this command to check out the sources.
Usually, each clean checkout build results in
p4 sync -f command with cleaning the sources. For the Perforce agent checkout, there are exceptions described below.
Errors during checkout
When an error occurs during the checkout, or a build is interrupted/stopped during the checkout, or a timeout occurs, no clean checkout will occur for the subsequent builds on the same build agent. Instead, TeamCity will rely on the Perforce ability to recover from the state.
Forced protection against clean checkout
There is a configuration parameter which protects a build configuration from the TeamCity-initiated clean checkout,
teamcity.agent.failBuildOnCleanCheckout. When this parameter is set to
true, TeamCity will fail a build instead of running a clean checkout. It will never clean the workspace, unless it is explicitly requested via the Enforce clean checkout action or if the "Clean all files in the checkout directory before the build" option is enabled in the checkout options of the version control settings for a build configuration.
When using a custom checkout path, TeamCity will not clean the checkout directory when VCS settings are changed, and it will fail a build instead. To ignore clean checkout and proceed with incremental checkout, use the
teamcity.agent.failBuildOnCleanCheckout=ignoreAndContinue parameter for a project or build configuration. Do this only if you're absolutely sure that the sources in the checkout directory are in the correct state.
The same applies to the broken personal builds. When the sources become dirty and the option is set, TeamCity will fail the build instead of running a clean checkout. You can clean the working copy via
p4 clean, for instance, and try to continue with the
ignoreAndContinue value after this (you can run a custom build with the specified configuration parameter).