TeamCity 2020.2 Help

Start and Cancel Builds

In this article, we explore common use cases concerning starting and canceling builds via REST API. These are helpful when you need to:

  • Start a TeamCity build from an external software.

  • Implement a complex build logic by invoking REST API from a Command Line build runner.

See also general info about triggering requests.

Start regular build

To be able to start a build, you need to access a build queue via this endpoint:

http://<TeamCity Server host>:<port>/app/rest/buildQueue

Queueing a new build requires two steps:

  1. Prepare the request payload (that is, the Build entity) which will represent the target build.

  2. Send a POST request with the payload.

Step 1:

The payload of this Build entity must include a reference to a build configuration (or, in REST API terms, BuildType ). We will include it as a sub-entity of Build.

<build> <buildType id="buildConfID"/> </build>
{ "buildType": { "id": "buildConfID" } }

Step 2:

To add a build to the queue, send a POST request with the body specified in Step 1:

[POST] http://<TeamCity Server host>:<port>/app/rest/buildQueue

The request headers should include an authorization header (unless the guest authorization scheme is used) and, optionally, Content-Type/ Accept headers.

The endpoint will respond with a short description of the launched build. It will also include the TCSESSIONID cookie: you can reuse it to skip authorization in the following runs.

Start custom build

A more complex example is when you need to run a build with settings that differ from those specified in its build configuration. In this case, you need to send extra data about the build in your request.

From the fields available for the Build entity, we will pass the following:

  • personal: to define that the build is personal

  • branchName: to launch a build in a non-default branch

  • agent: to select a specific agent for this build by sending an Agent sub-entity

  • comment: to supply a build with a description

  • properties: to set custom properties by sending a complex Properties entity

Most of the data should be available locally. However, in this example we request a specific agent which requires knowing its ID. If you know an agent by name, you can find its ID by sending the following request:

[GET] http://<TeamCity Server host>:<port>/app/rest/agents?locator=name:myAgentName

Here, the ?locator=... part specifies an AgentLocator entity which is used to find the agent by name. The request will return the respective Agent entity from which you can parse out an ID.

The eventual payload for our POST request will look as follows:

<build personal="true" branchName="myBranch"> <agent id="3"/> <buildType id="buildConfID"/> <comment><text>Build for testing REST API</text></comment> <properties> <property name="env.myProperty" value="myValue"/> </properties> </build>
{ "branchName": "myBranch", "buildType": { "id": "buildConfID" }, "comment": { "text": "Build for testing REST API" }, "agent": { "id": 3 }, "properties": { "property": [{ "name": "env.myProperty", "value": "myValue" } ] }, "personal”: true }

Send it via a POST request as in the basic case. As a result, a personal build will be run in the myBranch branch on the specified agent and with the redefined myProperty property.

Advanced build run

In this example, we will show how to compose a payload to rerun a build, clean its sources, and select a specific revision.

Inside the Build entity we will supply:

  • triggeringOptions: to specify extra parameters by sending the BuildTriggeringOptions sub-entity.

  • lastChanges: to select a specific revision for the build by sending the Change entity. The element also supports a locator field which expects ChangeLocator to identify a specific revision.

In triggeringOptions, we want to enable clean checkout, rebuild all dependencies before the current build, and put the build at the top of the queue.

In lastChanges, we'll use the locator as follows:

  • version: SHA of the specific revision already detected by TeamCity

  • buildType: BuildTypeLocator which will point to the same BuiltType as the one we run the build on.

The expected payload:

<build> <triggeringOptions cleanSources="true" rebuildAllDependencies="true" queueAtTop="true"/> <buildType id="buildConfID"/> <lastChanges> <change locator="version:a286767fc1154b0c2b93d5728dd5bbcdefdfaca,buildType:(id:buildConfID)"/> </lastChanges> </build>
{ "buildType": { "id": "Playground_BuildConfigurationLevelLogic_BuildsInDefaultBranchAreDisabledBuild" }, "lastChanges": { "change": [{ "locator": "buildType:(id:(Playground_BuildConfigurationLevelLogic_UpdatePromptViaRESTAPI)),version:(SHA)", } ] }, "triggeringOptions": { "cleanSources": true, "rebuildAllDependencies": true, "queueAtTop": true } }

Get queued build

After queueing a build, you can check its status:

[GET] http://<TeamCity Server host>:<port>/app/rest/buildQueue?locator=<BuildQueueLocator>

where BuildQueueLocator represents a queued build — you can supply the build ID you received on sending the POST request.

This request returns a Build entity. By default, TeamCity will return basic fields of the entity. For polling purposes, you might want to receive only the build status. You can limit the scope of fields available in the response by using the `?fields" parameter in the request path (read more ):

[GET] http://<TeamCity Server host>:<port>/app/rest/buildQueue?locator=id:<myBuildID>&fields=build(id,state)

As a result of the call, TeamCity will return the Build entity with only two fields populated: id and state.

Cancel queued build

To cancel a just queued build, send:

[POST] http://<TeamCity Server host>:<port>/app/rest/buildQueue/<queuedBuildLocator>

where a BuildCancelRequest entity is used as a payload.

This entity comprises two fields:

  • comment: to provide an optional comment on why the build was canceled

  • readdIntoQueue: a boolean property which declares if this is a request to restore a previously canceled build; as we are aiming to cancel the build, not to restore it, we will set it to false.

The resulting payload:

<buildCancelRequest comment='Canceling a test build' readdIntoQueue='false'/>
{ "comment": "Canceling a test build", "readdIntoQueue”: false } }

To cancel a build by its ID, send:

[POST] <TeamCity URL>:[<port>]/app/rest/buildQueue/id:<build ID>

Alternatively, you may choose to simply delete a queued build (if you don't need its metadata). To do so, run a DELETE request on the same endpoint:

[DELETE] <TeamCity URL>:[<port>]/app/rest/buildQueue/id:<build ID>
Last modified: 20 February 2021