WebStorm 2024.1 Help


WebStorm provides basic Astro web framework functionality such as syntax highlighting, code completion with automatic imports, refactorings, navigation, intentions, code folding, Emmet support, and correct formatting.

Before you start

  1. Make sure you have Node.js on your computer.

  2. Install and enable the Astro plugin on the Settings | Plugins page, tab Marketplace, as described in Installing plugins from JetBrains Marketplace.

Create an Astro application

  1. Open your command-line shell or the embedded Terminal (Alt+F12) and type one of the following commands depending on the package manager you are using:

    • npm create astro@latest for npm

    • pnpm create astro@latest for pnpm

    • yarn create astro for Yarn

  2. Answer the questions in the wizard that starts:

    • Specify the folder where you want your application to be created in the format ./<project_name>.

    • Also specify whether you want your application created based on the Astro official example with starter templates.

    Astro: project generation wizard
  3. Open the generated application with Astro-specific structure (File | Open).

Learn more from the Astro official website.

Start with an existing Astro application

To continue developing an existing Astro application, open it in WebStorm and download the required dependencies.

Open the application sources that are already on your machine

  • Click Open on the Welcome screen or select File | Open from the main menu. In the dialog that opens, select the folder where your sources are stored.

Check out the application sources from your version control

  1. Click Get from VCS on the Welcome screen.

    Alternatively, select File | New | Project from Version Control or Git | Clone or VCS | Get from Version Control from the main menu.

    Instead of Git in the main menu, you may see any other Version Control System that is associated with your project. For example, Mercurial or Perforce.

  2. In the dialog that opens, select your version control system from the list and specify the repository to check out the application sources from. For more information, refer to Check out a project (clone).

Download the dependencies

  • Click Run 'npm install' or Run 'yarn install' in the popup:

    Open an application and download the dependencies

    You can use npm, Yarn 1, or Yarn 2, refer to npm and Yarn for details.

  • Alternatively, select Run 'npm install' or Run 'yarn install' from the context menu of package.json in the editor or in the Project tool window.

Project security

When you open a project that was created outside WebStorm and was imported into it, WebStorm displays a dialog where you can decide how to handle this project with unfamiliar source code.

Untrusted project warning

Select one of the following options:

  • Preview in Safe Mode: in this case, WebStorm opens the project in a preview mode. It means that you can browse the project's sources but you cannot run tasks and script or run/debug your project.

    WebStorm displays a notification on top of the editor area, and you can click the Trust project link and load your project at any time.

  • Trust Project: in this case, WebStorm opens and loads a project. That means the project is initialized, project's plugins are resolved, dependencies are added, and all WebStorm features are available.

  • Don't Open: in this case, WebStorm doesn't open the project.

Learn more from Project security.

Run your application

Run anAstro application
  1. Open your package.json, click the Run button in the gutter next to the start or dev script, and select Run 'start' from the context menu.

  2. To open the application in the browser, click the link in the Run tool window.

    While the application is running, all the changes you make to your code are immediately reflected on the page.

Coding assistance

WebStorm provides basic Astro functionality such as syntax highlighting, code completion with automatic imports, refactorings, navigation, intention actions, correct formatting and code folding, and Emmet support.

Code completion

Besides the common completion, WebStorm provides completion for Astro-specific symbols.

WebStorm shows suggestions for completion as you type. Alternatively, place the caret at the symbol to complete and press Ctrl+Space.

Astro: basic completion

Auto import

WebStorm generates import statements on the fly, as you type or complete your code.

Astro: insert import statements on completion

Symbols that have not been imported are marked with an underscore line. To insert an import statement, hover over an underscored symbol, and click the Import <symbol name> link in the popup.

Astro: import popup

Alternatively, place the caret at the symbol to import, press Alt+Enter, and select Import <symbol name> from the list.

Astro: insert import quick fix

Learn more from Auto import.

Refactoring code

WebStorm supports extract and inline refactorings in Astro-specific context.

Astro: refactoring code
  • Select a code fragment to refactoring or place the caret inside it, press Ctrl+Alt+Shift+T, and select the required refactoring from the list.

Learn more from Code refactoring, Refactoring JavaScript, and Refactoring TypeScript.

Navigate with component usages

Use inlay hints to jump from a component to its usages. If a component is used more than once, WebStorm shows a list of detected usages. Select the relevant usage to jump to it.

Astro: Navigate with Component Usages

Show component usages hints are displayed by default. To turn them off, press Ctrl+Alt+S to open settings and select Editor | Inlay Hints. Then clear the Component usages checkbox under Code vision.

Alternatively, right-click a Show component usages hint in the editor and select Hide 'Code Vision: Component usages' Inlay Hints.

Turn off Component usages in the editor

Use several frameworks within a project

Sometimes you may need to use other frameworks within one Astro project.

To get context-aware coding assistance in each file, create a configuration file .ws-context and specify which framework should be used in each particular file or folder. The settings from this file will override the default configuration.

  1. In the project root, select New | File from the context menu and specify .ws-context as the file name.

  2. In .ws-context, use two types of properties:

    • <context-name> with the context value string

    • A GLOB pattern with a context details object

  3. Use the following context values:

    • framework: vue, angular, react, svelte, astro

    • angular-template-syntax: V_2, V_17

    • nextjs-project: nextjs

    • astro-project: astro

    • vue-store: vuex, pinia

    • vue-class-component-library: vue-class-component, vue -property-decorator, vue-facing-decorator

    • jsdoc-dialect: jsdoc-typescript, jsdoc-closure

  4. Use path nesting for simplicity.

    • The last segment of a GLOB path is the file name pattern, it only supports the * wildcard.

    • If the last segment is a ** it matches all nested directories and files.

    • Top level context properties should have the /** pattern.

  5. When several patterns match the same file name, the following rules are used for disambiguation:

    • Choose the pattern with maximum number of path segments, excluding ** segments.

    • Choose the pattern that is a pure file name pattern, which means that it does not end in ** or /.

    • Choose the pattern that was defined first.


Suppose you have a project with a number of frameworks used in various folders.

A project with different frameworks

To get context-aware assistance for each file in the project, add the following code to .ws-context:

{ "framework": "vue", "angular-template-syntax": "V_2", "src/**/app/**": { "framework": null, "app.component.html" : { "framework": "angular", "angular-template-syntax": "V_17" } }, "src/**/p*-editor/*.html" : { "framework" : "angular" } }
Last modified: 26 May 2024