Running and Debugging Node.js
WebStorm helps you run and debug your Node.js applications. You can debug applications that are started from WebStorm as well as attach to already running applications.
Running a Node.js application
WebStorm runs Node.js applications according to a run configuration of the type Node.js. WebStorm also uses this configuration for debugging Node.js applications locally.
To create a Node.js run/debug configuration
From the main menu, choose , then in the Edit Configurations dialog, click on the toolbar and select Node.js from the list. The Run/Debug Configuration: Node.js dialog opens.
Specify the Node Parameters that customize the start of Node.js. For example, to make your application accessible for debugging, type one of the debugging flags depending on your Node.js version:
--inspect=<debugger port>for Node.js versions 6.5 and later or
--debug=<debugger port>for any Node.js version earlier than 8. The default debugger port is
In the Application parameters field, specify the Node.js-specific arguments to be passed to the application on start through the process.argv array.
To run an application
Select the newly created Node.js configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The application starts, and the Run Tool Window opens showing the application output.
If you are using a logging tool like morgan in your application and this tool writes logs to a file, you can see these logs in the Console tab of the Run tool window.
To manage logs when running a Node.js application
Create a Node.js run/debug configuration as described above and go to the Logs tab.
Click next to the Log files to be shown in console field which lists the available log files (if any).
In the Edit Log Files Aliases dialog that opens, type the alias name to show in the list of log entries and specify the location of the log file. Select whether you want to show all files that this pattern covers or only the last one.
Click OK to return to Node.js Run/Debug Configuration dialog, where the new log file is added to the list. Select the Is Active checkbox next to it. To skip the previous content, select the Skip Content checkbox.
To enable saving the console output to a log file, select the Save console output to file checkbox and specify the file location.
Choose when you want the Console shown.
Debugging a Node.js application
console.log() statements. You can do many things that will help you explore the code and understand where the bug is. In the Debug tool window, you can view the call stack and the variables in their current state, evaluate expressions in the editor, and step through the code.
WebStorm supports two debugging modes:
Local debugging: in this mode, your application is started from WebStorm and is running on your computer. To debug it, use a Node.js configuration.
Debugging a running application: in this mode, your application is already running in the debug mode and WebStorm attaches to a running process. This approach lets you re-start a debugging session without re-starting the Node.js server.
--inspectand now deprecated
--debugflags so you can make any application accessible for debugging.
To debug a running application, use an Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration.
Debugging a Node.js application locally
Set the breakpoints in the Node.js code where necessary.
Select the newly created Node.js configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The Debug Tool Window opens.
Perform the steps that will trigger the execution of the code with the breakpoints.
Switch to WebStorm, where the controls of the Debug tool window are now enabled. Proceed with the debugging session — step through the breakpoints, switch between frames, change values on-the-fly, examine a suspended program, evaluate expressions, and set watches.
Debugging a running Node.js application
In either case, a debugging session is initiated through an Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration.
To debug with Chrome Debugging Protocol
Use this protocol to debug applications started with the
--inspect flag. This flag is used with Node.js versions later than 6.3.
Set the breakpoints as necessary.
Select Edit Configuration dialog that opens, and select Attach to Node.js/Chrome from the list. The Run/Debug Configuration: Attach to Node.js/Chrome dialog opens.from the main menu, then click in the
Specify the host where the target application is running and the port passed to
--inspectwhen starting the Node.js process to connect to. Copy the port number from the information message
Debugger listening <host>:<port>in the Terminal tool window or in the Run tool window that controls the running application. The default port is 9229.
In the Attach to area, select Chrome or Node.js > 6.3 started with --inspect.
Select the newly created Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The Debug Tool Window opens.
Perform the actions that will trigger the code at the breakpoint. Control over the debugging session returns to WebStorm.
To debug with V8 Debugging Protocol
Use this protocol to debug applications started with the
--debug flag. This flag is used with Node.js versions earlier than 8.
Create an Attach to Node.js/Chrome run/debug configuration as described above and specify the host and the port passed to
--debug. The default port is 9229.
Make sure the application to debug was launched with the following parameters:
--debug=<debugger port>. The default port is
Debugging a Node.js application that uses nodemon
The WebStorm built-in debugger can automatically reconnect to running Node.js processes. This lets you debug Node.js applications that use the nodemon utility, which automatically reloads your Node.js process when the code is updated.
To debug such application, you need to start it in the debug mode (with the
--inspect flag) and then connect to it using the Attach to a Node.js/Chrome debug configuration with the Reconnect Automatically option on.
To install nodemon
To start an application with nodemon in the debug mode
To debug an application
Set the breakpoints in your code as necessary.
Create a new Attach to a Node.js/Chrome configuration as described in Debugging a running Node.js application and select the Reconnect automatically checkbox.
Usually, you don’t need to change the port in the configuration
9229because it’s the default port the debugger is listening on. But you can double-check what port is used in the message logged when you run the app in the debug mode.
Select the newly created Attach to Node.js/Chrome configuration from the Select run/debug configuration list on the toolbar and click next to it. The debugger stops at the breakpoints that you put in your code in WebStorm.
Now, every time you make any changes to the code and save them Ctrl+S, nodemon will automatically reload the application and the debugger will automatically re-attach to the restarted process.