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Note: Because the wording of this question has changed, the figures cannot be compared with those from the previous year.

To what degree are you personally involved in infrastructure development?

Every fifth respondent is deeply involved in infrastructure development. 15% of them indicate that a scripting language (bash/shell/powershell) is their primary programming language.

Answers from respondents who have only heard about infrastructure development are not included.

What configuration management tools do you / your organization use?

We’ve found that Chef and Puppet have similar market shares this year, but their combined market share is still slightly lower than the market share of Ansible.

Answers from respondents who have only heard about infrastructure development are not included.

What server templating tools do you / your organization regularly use?

90% of those who use server templating tool use Docker. 74% of respondents who work with Docker are using Docker Compose too.

Answers from respondents who have only heard about infrastructure development are not included.

What infrastructure provisioning tools do you / your organization use?

Popular toolset

The most frequently used toolset is Docker + Terraform + Ansible. They are used by 27% of those who use a combination of infrastructure provisioning, server templates, and configuration management. However, there are three times as many people who use just Docker (no configuration management and no infrastructure provisioning).

What container orchestration services do you use in production?

Kubernetes use is growing rapidly, adding +13% more on the 16% from 2017.

Where do you host your databases and/or services and/or applications that you or your company develop?

Private servers are still slightly more popular than cloud services. However, if you dive deeper, you can see that there are a lot of users who use both. They are tending to use cloud service as the principal hosting platform.

This question was only answered by respondents who use cloud services.

Which cloud services do you use?

No surprises about who is first. However, we found that the Google Cloud Platform share is greater for Kubernetes users (41% vs. 28% for general), which means Kubernetes growth may be driving the popularity of GCP.