ReSharper Help

Convert Anonymous to Named Type

ReSharper | Refactor | Convert | Anonymous to Named Type…
ReSharper_Anonymous2Declared

Anonymous types are very convenient when you need to process a result of a query locally. However, if you need to pass the result around your program, or if there are several queries that return the similar name/value parts, you may probably need a named type.
In such cases, ReSharper can convert the existing usage (or usages) of an anonymous type into a named type and update the usages. If necessary, ReSharper will find and convert similar anonymous types in the whole solution. In the dialog box that this refactoring provides, you can customize the created type - specify whether it should have auto-properties or properties with backing fields, or generate equality and formatting method overrides.

In the example below, two similar anonymous types are converted into the BookLIst class, though we only invoke the refactoring on one of them. All usages of the type found within the specified scope are modified accordingly:

Before refactoringAfter refactoring
class MyTest { private void Test(List<Book> books) { var bookList = from book in books select new {book.Author, book.Title}; } } class MyNewTest { private void FOo(List<Book> library) { var bookCatalog = from item in library select new {item.Author, item.Title}; } }
public class BookLIst { public string Author { get; set; } public string Title { get; set; } } class MyTest { private void Test(List<Book> books) { var bookList = from book in books select new BookLIst {Author = book.Author, Title = book.Title}; } } class MyNewTest { private void FOo(List<Book> library) { var bookCatalog = from item in library select new BookLIst {Author = item.Author, Title = item.Title}; } }

To convert anonymous type(s) to a named type

  1. Place the caret at either anonymous type initializer or at the new keyword.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • On the main menu, choose ReSharper | Refactor | Convert | Anonymous to Named Type…
    • Right-click and choose Refactor | Replace Anonymous Type with Named Class on the context menu.
    • Press Ctrl+Shift+R and then choose Replace Anonymous Type with Named Class
    The Replace Anonymous Type with Named Class dialog will open.
  3. Specify a name for a new class, and configure the following options:
    • Scope: ReSharper can find anonymous types with compatible object initializers (similar name/value parts) in the whole solution, or you can apply the refactoring to the current method only.
    • Location: the new named type can be created as a nested class in the current type, or created aa an independent class in the current namespace.
    • How to generate properties: ReSharper can generate either read and write auto-properties, or read-only properties with backing fields in the new class.
    • How to generate methods: as an option, you can choose to create stubs for Equals(), GetHashCode(), and ToString() method overrides in the new class.
    • Show processed usages in 'Find Results': if this check box is selected, ReSharper shows all anonymous types that it finds and converts in the Find Results window. You may want to tick this check box if you are converting similar anonymous types in the whole solution.
  4. To apply the refactoring, click Next.
  5. If no conflicts are found, ReSharper performs the refactoring immediately. Otherwise, it prompts you to resolve conflicts.
Replace Anonymous Type with Named Class

If you have selected Show processed usages in 'Find Results', the new class and modified usages are shown in the Find Results window:

Results of converting anonymous types into a named class

This feature is supported in the following languages/technologies:

C# VB.NET C++ HTML ASPX Razor JavaScript TypeScript CSS XML XAML RESX Build Scripts
feature_available

See Also

Last modified: 30 June 2015