CLion 2019.3 Help

Code Coverage

In CLion, you can run CMake applications and tests with code coverage measurements. Code coverage results provide the percentage of code lines executed during a run and the number of times a particular line was hit.

Compiler flags for code coverage

CLion relies on llvm-cov/gcov integration to collect and show code coverage data for your code. These tools require that you provide special coverage compiler flags in your CMakeLists.txt script. For this, you can use set(CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS "") or other alternatives like the add_compile_options command.

See below the options for the flags depending on your compiler and the coverage tooling you prefer.

  • GCC

    -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage or --coverage

    In this case, the gcov tool will be used.

  • Clang

    You have two options here:

Running CMake applications or tests with coverage

After reloading your project with the added flags, you can use the Run with Coverage action for your CMake Application and test configurations (Boost.Test, Google Test, or Catch).

Run with Coverage is available from the toolbar next to the configuration switcher and from the gutter menu:

Run with Coverage

Run with Coverage

Reading coverage results

  • When coverage data is ready, the Coverage tool window opens up automatically. It shows the percentage of the files per folder and lines per file covered during the launch:

    Coverage tool window

  • In any file, you can check the gutter indicator and click it next to a particular line to learn how many times it was hit:

    Coverage line hits

    A line executed fully is marked green. Yellow marker means that it was only partically executed.

    To modify the colors of coverage highlighting, click icons general settings or go to Settings / Preferences | Editor | Color Scheme | General and expand the Line Coverage node.

  • CLion also shows coverage statistics in the Project view:

    Code coverage results in Project view

Merging results from several runs

When you rerun coverage analysis, CLion prompts you to choose how you prefer the new results to be presented:

Merging several coverage suites

Add to active suites – new results will be added to the previously collected statistics.

Replace active suites – the already collected data will be overwritten.

Do not apply collected coverage data – new results will be ignored.

Configure the coverage settings

Code coverage settings are gathered in the Settings / Preferences | Build, Execution, Deployment | Coverage:

Code coverage settings

In the Tools section, you can provide custom paths to gcov / llvm-cov / llvm-profdata. By default, CLion takes the paths from the PATH environment varible.

Record branch coverage data - with this option enabled, the compiler-generated branches of code will be taken into account when collecting coverage data. It means that if a code line was expanded by the compiler into a block of several branches, some of which have not been executed (for example, in the case of handling an exception), that line will be marked as partially covered.

Troubleshooting and current limitations

  • If you get empty coverage reports, check whether your compiler version matches the version of gcov / llvm-cov tool (default or custom) that you are using. Keep this in mind when changing compilers or switching from one Windows toolchain to another.

  • Code coverage is not yet supported for the Remote toolchain (CPP-17709).

Last modified: 11 February 2020