CLion 2023.3 Help

Query results

Usually, when you run a query, you receive results in a table format. CLion displays the results in a data editor. For each statement, the data editor with results appears in a separate tab in the Services tool window. For example, if you run three SELECT statements in the query console, you will see three tabs in the tool window.

The results of the SELECT statements in the tabs of Services tool window

The data editor and viewer, or data editor, provides a user interface for working with data. In the data editor, you can sort, filter, add, edit, and remove the data as well as perform other associated tasks. For full information about data editor, refer to the Data Editor Dialog topic.

For more information about query consoles and Services tool window, refer to Query consoles and Services tool window.

Result tabs

Open a new tab for each new query

By default, CLion updates the same tab with results each time you run a new query after the previous one. You can change this behavior and create a tab each time you run a new query.

  1. In the IDE settings Control+Alt+S, go to Tools | Database | Query Execution.

  2. Select the Open results in new tab checkbox and click OK.

Use custom titles for tabs with results

You can define a tab title in the comment section before the query. In the Treat text as title after field, you can reserve a combination of symbols or characters after which any text will be treated as a tab title. By default, no combination is used, so any text after -- or /* is treated as a tab title.

  1. Open settings by pressing Control+Alt+S, navigate to Tools | Database | Query Execution | Output and Results.

  2. In the Treat text as title after field, define a combination for tab titles.

    To disable this feature, open settings Control+Alt+S, navigate to Tools | Database | Query Execution | Output and Results, and clear the Create title for results from comment before query checkbox.

    For more examples of custom titles for tabs, refer to Name the result tabs at youtube.com.

    Use custom titles for tabs with results

Pin the tab with query results

If one and the same tab is used to show your query results, and you get the result that you want to keep, you can pin the tab to the tool window.

  • Right-click the tab and select Pin Tab.

    Pin the result tab

In-Editor Results

You can also view the query results within the editor. To do that, use the In-Editor Results feature.

  • To toggle the In-Editor Results feature for the current file, click the In-Editor Results button (the In-Editor Results icon) on the toolbar.

    Disable in-editor results for the current file
  • To toggle the In-Editor Results feature for all files across the IDE, open settings by pressing Control+Alt+S and navigate to Database | Query Execution | Output and Results | Results. Clear the Show results in editor checkbox.

Result sets

View two result sets in the editor

  • Click the In-Editor Results button (the In-Editor Results icon) on the toolbar to view the result sets one above the other.

    View two result sets in the editor

Edit values in the result set

  1. In the result set, click a cell value that you want to edit.

  2. Specify a new value and press Enter.

  3. To submit changes to a database, click the Submit button (the Submit icon) on the toolbar, or press Control+Enter.

    For more information about submitting changes to a database, refer to the Submit changes to a database topic.

    Modify values in the result set

Compare two result sets

  1. Run queries to tables that you want to compare.

  2. In the Services tool window, click the Compare Data button (The Compare with icon), and select the result set that you want to add to diff.

  3. If needed, change a value of the Tolerance parameter in the comparison dialog. The Tolerance parameter defines a maximum number of differences that are allowed between two result sets. For example, if you want to consider two rows as equal if their data differs in a single column, enter 1 in the Tolerance field.

    See another example of comparing two result sets in Compare data at youtube.com.

Output tab

View query log

On the Output tab in the Services tool window, you can see a log of user and internal queries.

  1. In the Database tool window ( View | Tool Windows | Database) , , open a query console by right-clicking a data source and navigating to New | Query Console.

    Alternatively, select a data source and press F4.

  2. Run a query.

  3. In the Services tool window that opens, click the Output tab.

Services tool window reference

For full information about Services tool window, refer to the Services tool window topic.

Output tab

Use the Output tab of Services tool window to view information about SQL statements and other operations that you performed in a query console. Also, the Output tab displays information about errors, timestamps, affected rows, query duration, the autocommit mode, and other operations.

The Output tab

Right toolbar

Item

Tooltip

Description

the Soft-wrap icon

Soft-Wrap

Wrap long lines of text.

the Scroll to End icon

Scroll to End

Scroll the output log to the end.

the Print icon

Print

Print a query console file, a selected text, or all the files in a directory.

the Clear All icon

Clear All

Clear the Output tab.

Context menu

Item

Description

Copy Copy

Copy the selected text.

Copy Path/Reference

Copy a reference link to a file or a line.

Compare with clipboard Compare with Clipboard

Open the Clipboard vs Editor dialog where you can see the diff between the selected text and the text that you copied to a clipboard.

Search with Google

Open a browser and run a search on Google for the selected text.

Fold Lines Like This

Fold the lines that include the selected text.

Pause Output

Pause the output logging.

Delete Clear All

Clear the output log.

Result tab

Use the Result tab of Services tool window to see the data that was retrieved from the database in a table format. You can sort, add, edit, and remove data as well as perform other associated table tasks. For more information about working with tables, rows, columns, and cells, refer to Tables.

Result tab in the Services tool window

Main functions

Most of the functions in the Result tab are accessed by using controls on the toolbar, context menu commands for the data cells, and associated keyboard shortcuts. You can see what other actions with tables you can perform in Tables.

Toolbar controls

Icon

Action and shortcut

Description

First page

Previous page

the Change page size button

Next page

Last page

First Page

Previous Page Command Alt ArrowUp

Change page size

Next Page Command Alt ArrowDown

Last Page

Use navigation icons and corresponding commands for switching between pages that show the retrieved data and change the page size.

A number of rows that you see on the Result tab are referred to as a result set page. If this number is less than the number of rows that satisfy the query, only a subset of all the rows is shown at a time. If all the rows are currently shown, navigation icons and the corresponding commands are inactive. You can see the limit between the navigation buttons. You can change it here by clicking and selecting the necessary limit or in settings.

  • First page: jump to the first page of results.

  • Previous page: go to the previous page of results.

  • Next page: go to the next page of results.

  • Last page: jump to the last page of results.

To change the size of a result set page, click the Change page size button and select the size. Alternatively, open settings (Control+Alt+S) and navigate to Tools | Database | Data Editor and Viewer. In the Limit page size to field, type a new size of a result set page. Alternatively, to disable the page size restriction, clear the Limit page size to checkbox.

the Reload Page icon

Reload Page

Control+F5

Reload data for the table view to synchronize the data that you see in the editor with the contents of the database. Also, use the Reload Page button when you want to apply a new page size limit setting after its change.

the Update Interval icon

Update Interval

Select, pause, or disable update interval for the current table. You can also set a custom one.

the Cancel Running Statements icon

Cancel Running Statements

Control+F2

Terminate execution of the current statement or statements.

the Add Row icon

Add Row

Alt+Insert

Add a row to the table.

To save a new row, click Submit button (the Submit button).

The Add Row button is disabled in the inappropriate context. For example, if the current table does not permit adding rows.

For more information about working with rows, refer to Rows.

the Delete Row icon

Delete Row

Control+Y

Delete the selected row or rows.

To select multiple rows, click numbers in the gutter. Also, you can press Control and click the necessary rows.

The Delete Row button is disabled in the inappropriate context. For example, if the current table does not permit removing rows.

the Revert Selected button

Revert Selected

Control+Alt+Z

Revert changes that you made to a cell value. You can select a scope of different cells and revert values in this scope.

For more information about reverting changes, refer to Submit changes to a database.

the Preview Pending Changes icon

Preview Pending Changes

Preview DML of changes that you made to the table.

the Submit button

Submit

Control+Enter

Submit local changes to the database server. For more information about submitting and reverting changes, refer to Submit changes to a database.

Transaction mode

Transaction Mode

and

Transaction Isolation

Select the isolation level for database transactions and the way the transactions are committed.

  • Auto: the current transaction is committed automatically when you submit your local changes to the database server.

  • Manual: the changes submitted to the database server are accumulated in a transaction that can either be committed or rolled back explicitly by means of the Submit and Commit (the Submit and Commit icon) or Roll Back (the Roll Back button) buttons on the toolbar.

For more information about database transaction modes and isolation, refer to Submit changes to a database.

the Submit and Commit icon

Submit and CommitCommand Alt Shift Enter

(For the Manual transaction mode.) Submit and commit the current transaction. This button is available only for the manual transaction mode. See also, transaction mode and isolation.

the Roll Back icon

Roll Back

(For the Manual transaction mode.) Roll back changes. This button is available only for the manual transaction mode. See also, transaction modes and isolation.

the Pin icon

Pin Tab

Pin the tab to the tool window to keep the query result.

For more information about pinning tabs, refer to Pin the tab with query results.

Data Extractor

Data Extractors

Select an output format for your data. For the list of available formats and full information about data extractors, refer to the Data extractors topic.

Also, you can configure the following options:

  • Skip Computed Columns: do not include virtual columns that are not physically stored in the table (for example, the identity column).

  • Skip Generated Columns: for INSERT and UPDATE statements, do not include auto-increment fields when copying or saving data.

  • Configure CSV Formats: open the CSV Formats dialog where you can manage your delimiter-separated values formats (for example, CSV, TSV).

  • Go To Scripts Directory: open a directory with scripts that convert table data into different output formats.

For more information about data extractors, refer to the Data extractors topic.

the Export Data icon

Export Data

Export the table data to the clipboard or save to a file.

the Copy to Database icon

Copy to Database

Copy the data to another table, schema or database. Select the target schema (a new table will be created) or table (the data will be added to the selected table). In the dialog that opens, specify the data mapping info and the settings for the target table.

the Compare Data icon

Compare Data

Compare the current table with a table from the list.

For more information about comparing tables, refer to Compare table data.

the View as icon

View as

Select the mode for browsing and editing table data.

  • Transpose: viewing mode in which rows and columns are interchanged. You can combine this checkbox with other viewing modes.

    To make this mode a default for tables and views, open settings by pressing Control+Alt+S and navigate to Tools | Database | Data Editor and Viewer. From the Automatically transpose tables list, select Always. When this option is enabled, query results are not transposed.

  • Table: the default viewing mode of table data. Data in a table is stored in a cell that is an intersection of a vertical column and horizontal row.

  • Tree: viewing mode in which data is displayed in the key-value table with the possibility to expand the key cell if it contains children nodes. Data from the expanded children node is distributed between key and value columns. You might consider using this mode to work with JSON and array data.

  • Text: viewing mode in which data is displayed as a text.

For more information about viewing data, refer to View data.

the Show Options Menu icon

Show Options Menu

The Show Options Menu list includes the following options:

  • Show Geo Viewer: enable a graphic viewer to explore geospatial data in your database.

    For more information about the Geo viewer, refer to Using Geo viewer for geographical data in PostgreSQL.

  • Show Value Editor: open a separate editor where you can edit data that is stored in the cell.

    For more information about the editor, refer to Value editor.

  • Show Aggregate View: open the aggregate view where you can select values of multiple cells and get a single summary value.

    For more information about the view, refer to Aggregate view.

  • Paste Format: select how you want to treat the text from the clipboard on paste.

  • Reset View: restore the initial table view if you customized the table view before (for example, hidden columns or sorted data).

  • View Query: view the query that generated the table.

  • Copy Query to Console: copy the query that generated the table to query console.

  • Open Data View Settings...: open the Data Editor and Viewer section in settings, where you can define how table data are shown and modified in your query consoles and data editors.

    For more information about the Data Editor and Viewer settings section, refer to Data editor and viewer.

Context menu

You can find all basic actions for working with cells under the context menu. To call the context menu, right-click the cell that you want to modify. The following table lists all the actions.

Context menu of a cell in data editor

Action

Shortcut

Description

Edit

F2

Edit a value in the selected cell or cells. Alternatively, you can double-click the cell and start typing a value. The Edit command is unavailable for read-only values.

  • To open the auto-completion list, press Control+Space.

  • To confirm your changes, press Enter.

  • To cancel editing, press Escape.

For more information about editing cells, refer to Cells.

the Open in Value Editor icon Open in Value Editor

Shift Enter

Open in a separate value editor where you can edit data that is stored in the cell.

For more information about the editor, refer to Value editor.

the Show Aggregate View icon Show Aggregate View

Open the aggregate view where

For more information about the view, refer to Aggregate view.

the Revert Selected button Revert Selected

Control+Alt+Z

Revert changes that you made to a cell value. You can select a scope of different cells and revert values in this scope.

For more information about reverting changes, refer to Submit changes to a database.

Set Highlighting Language

Select a language that the IDE should use to highlight data in a cell.

Change Display Type

Select how the IDE should display binary data in the column. 16-byte data is displayed as UUID by default.

Set DEFAULT

Command Alt D

Set the current cell value to the default value or the value that you specified for the column.

For more information about viewing or set a default value, refer to Manage default and NULL values for a cell.

Set NULL

Command Alt N

Set the current cell value to NULL.

For more information about allowing a NULL value, refer to Manage default and NULL values for a cell.

Load File…

Load a file into the field.

Save LOB…

For the cells that contain a binary large object (LOB). Save content of a cell into a file.

the Copy icon Copy

Control+C

Copy selection to the clipboard.

the Copy Aggregation Result (SUM) icon Copy Aggregation Result (SUM)

Copy a summary value for a range of cells. By default, CLion copies the SUM aggregation result. To change the default, right-click the status bar and ensure that the Aggregator option is selected. Click the aggregator widget on the status bar and select the aggregator to use as default.

the Paste icon Paste

Control+V

Paste the contents of clipboard into the table.

App general add Add Row

Add a row to the end of a table.

App general remove Delete Row

Alt+Delete

Delete selected rows.

App actions copy Clone Row

Create a duplicate of the selected row and adds the duplicate to the end of a table.

Go To

Navigation Bar

Jump to a navigation bar.

Database

Open the selected object in the Database tool window.

Related Symbol

Navigate to one of the related objects.

DDL

Open an object definition (DDL).

Row…

Control+G

Jump to a specified row.

In the Go to Row dialog, specify the column and row number (use the column:row pattern).

All Related Rows

F4

Jump to a related record.

The command options are a combination of those for Go To | Referenced Rows and Go To | Referencing Rows. Read more about related data in Navigate between related data.

The command is not available if there are no related records.

Referenced Rows

Control+B

Switch to a record that the current record references. If more than one record is referenced, select the target record in the popup that appears.

Read more about related data in Navigate between related data.

The command is not available if there are no referenced records.

Referencing Rows

Alt+F7

Use this command or shortcut to see the records that reference the current record. Read more about related data in Navigate between related data. In the popup that appears there are two categories for the target records:

  • First Referencing Row: all the rows in the corresponding table are shown, and the first of the rows that references the current row is selected.

  • Referencing Rows Only: only the rows that reference the current row are shown.

The command is not available if there are no records that reference the current one.

Filter by

Select a filter that you want to a column.

App actions search Full-Text Search…

Control+Alt+Shift+F

Open a search window where you can search for data in your database or a group of databases. For more information about full-text search, refer to Full-text search in databases.

App client expui general download Export Table to Clipboard

Copy the whole table to the clipboard. This action does not depend on Limit page size to setting.

Switch Session (your_current_session_name)

Open a window to select another session or create a new one. For more information about sessions, refer to Sessions.

Quick Documentation

Control+Q

Show information about selected objects. For different database objects, Quick Documentation shows corresponding information. For example, for a group of cells, you will see a summary for the selection. You can preview it in a regular or in a transposed view and also see the related records by their foreign keys.

Last modified: 03 November 2023