IntelliJ IDEA 2021.3 Help

Projects

In IntelliJ IDEA, a project helps you to organize your source code, tests, libraries that you use, build instructions, and your personal settings in a single unit.

IntelliJ IDEA project overview

Project formats

In IntelliJ IDEA, there are two types of formats in which a project's configuration can be stored — the file-based format and the directory-based format.

File-based format

The file-based format was the only one available in older versions of IntelliJ IDEA; now it is outdated. Projects in this format contain several files: the .ipr, .iws, and .iml files. Generally, we don't recommend using this format unless you need to open projects in different file managers by clicking the .ipr file, or unless you need to store multiple projects in one directory.

A simple file-based project shown in Finder

Directory-based format

For the directory-based format, the IDE creates the .iml file and the .idea directory that keeps project settings. It's the default format for projects in IntelliJ IDEA at this moment.

This format was introduced after the file-based format. Its main advantage is that it's adjusted to store project files in Version Control Systems: the project data is split over multiple files, and merge conflicts are less likely. For more information on how to share projects in different formats, refer to How to manage projects under Version Control Systems

A simple directory-based project shown in Finder

Change the project format to directory-based

  • From the main menu, select File | Manage IDE Settings | Save as Directory-Based Format.

Last modified: 03 January 2022